Healthy Sexuality

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Healthy Sexuality by Mind Map: Healthy Sexuality

1. Support: If you sexuality related help, there are a lot of different places around this area that can help. There are many locations available for support centres.

1.1. Community Support Services: Community support services are places where you can get counseled and ask questions to professionals. You can call or visit these locations for non judgmental support. These locations provide great support for your questions.

1.1.1. Spectra Community Support Services: Located on 7700 Hurontario St #402, Brampton, ON L6Y 4M3. Their phone number is (905) 459-8439. They provide support for multiple different situations including pregnancy. Thier website is http://www.spectrasupport.org/.

1.1.2. Another support store is Family Services of Peel Region Mississauga. They are similar to Spectra Community Support and provide excellent service., This company is located on 151 City Centre Drive, Suite 501 Mississauga ON, L5B 1M7 Tel: 905-270-2250 Fax: 905-270-2869 Also their website is http://www.fspeel.org/contact.html

1.2. Birth Control Clinics: Birth control clinics are places where you can get examined for any diseases and get some of longer lasting methods of birth control. They have professionals who can answer questions related to sexual intercourse.

1.2.1. BRAMALEA & BOVAIRD WALK-IN CLINIC: This is a clinic that provides many different services. 10095 Bramalea Road Unit 107, Brampton ON, L6R0K1 Phone: 905-793-3311

2. Some STD's/STI's

2.1. Chlamydia: This is the most common STI, it is contracted during sexual intercourse, including anal, oral, and vaginal. This disease causes burning while urinating and a weird discharge. This infection can be treated with 7 - 14 days of antibiotics.

2.2. Crabs/Pubic Lice: This is contracted from close physical contact with others or certain objects. Public Live causes green/yellow vaginal discharge. There are no other signs. To prevent this, avoid contact with certain or shared objects. To cure crabs, Kwellada lotion has to be applied to the genitals.

2.3. Candidiasis/Yeast Infection: This is a fungus found in the vagina, and clothing. Stress, birth control pill, antibiotics and pregnancy can grow the fungus. It causes itching, curdy discharge, and pain during sex. Monostat anti-fungal cream has to be used to get rid of the infection.

2.4. AIDS: This is the most dangerous disease that can be contracted with sharing of objects, or sexual intercourse. Symptoms include tiredness, inability to fight other infections, fever, headache, swollen glands, and a rash. This will kill you and there is no cure. Although certain antibiotics can extend your life span.

2.5. Those were just some of the major diseases and infections. Others include Gonorrhea, Trichomoniasis, Genital Herpes, HPV, HBV, and Syphilis.

3. Safe Sex

3.1. Preventing Pregnancy (Teen accessible methods)

3.1.1. Male Condom A latex sheath that is placed over and covers an erect penis. Since it covers the opening, it blocks the passageway of sperm. The better condoms have spermicide on them, for even more protection. Condoms with spermicide have a 97% success rate and the ones without spermicide have a 88% success rate. Condoms are easily accessible at clinics, pharmacies, grocery stores, conter stores, and vending machines. The cost of condoms are about $11 for a pack of 12.

3.1.2. Female Condom An alternative to the male condom, with a slightly less success rate. The female condom can only be used once. The female condom is made out of polyurethane and is inserted into the vagina. The closed end with the ring covers the cervix, while the open side partially hangs out of the labia. This condom has a 80% to 90% success rate. There are no side effects, but a female has to be comfortable with her body, to use a female condom properly. These condoms are sold at pharmacies for about $1.50 each.

3.1.3. Birth Control Pill A pill that must be taken daily, starting thirty days before intercourse. This oral contraceptive stops ovulation chemically, so no egg is released. This means the sperm has nothing to fertilize and the woman wont get pregnant. There are a few side effects such as nausea, headache, breast tenderness, weight gain, depression and irregular bleeding. This pill can also lead to cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and blood clots.This does not protect against STD's and STI's. The success rate for preventing pregnancy is 97% to 99%. You need a prescription for this, but as long as you are over the age of 12, you can go and privately get the pills for about $5 per package.

3.1.4. Vaginal Spermicide: This spermicide comes in the form of cream, gel, tablets, or film and is recommended to be used along side the other methods because alone, it does not provide enough protection. Vaginal spermicide is to be inserted inside the vagina as it chemically kills sperm. This has a 74% to 79% effectiveness rate and is available for $10 at pharmacies The only side effect is irritation in some users..

3.1.5. Abstinence: This means to not have sex, this is available for free, anywhere. This method is 100% effective.

3.2. Types of Birth Control

3.2.1. Mechanical - This is a method that has to be manually used (for example, inserted in the vagina)

3.2.1.1. Condom (male/female)

3.2.1.2. Diaphragm (female)

3.2.1.3. Sponge (female)

3.2.1.4. Evra Patch (female)

3.2.2. Chemical - This is a type that uses some kind of chemical to create a reaction (for example create fungus and block cervix)

3.2.2.1. Birth Control Pill (female)

3.2.2.2. Nuva Ring (female)

3.2.2.3. Sponge (female)

3.2.2.4. Evra Patch (female)

3.2.2.5. Depo Provera (female)

3.2.2.6. Spermicide (female)

3.2.2.7. Norplant (female)

3.2.2.8. I..U.D (female)

3.2.3. Natural - Natural is a type of birth control, where you memorize or take action to prevent birth

3.2.3.1. Abstinence (male/female)

3.2.3.2. Withdrawal (male)

3.2.3.3. Rythm (female)

3.2.4. Permanent - Permanent birth control is taking a surgery to prevent birth

3.2.4.1. Vasectomy (male)

3.2.4.2. Tubal Ligation (female)

3.3. Preventing STD's and STI's: STD's and STI's are diseases and infections caught during sexual intercourse. They make life much harder and some of them even kill you. Also a lot of STD's/STI's are incurable.

3.3.1. Hep-B Vaccination: This vaccination was given to kids in grade 7 or 8 and it prevents against against the STI Hepatitis B

3.3.2. The only other method of preventing these infections and diseases are male/female condoms (never use both together)

4. Healthy Relationship

4.1. Factors of a Healthy Relationship

4.1.1. Equality: In an equal relationship, the opinions of both the male and the female matter and the other partner treats you equally.

4.1.2. Trust: In a healthy relationship, both partners trust one another to make the correct decision.

4.1.3. Open Communication: In a healthy relationship, communication is open within both partners, which allows them to gain more trust within eachother. Also an open communication allows the couple to repair any problems between eachother.

4.1.4. Respect: Both the members on the relationship respect each other and each others opinions. This allows the couple to solve problems faster.

4.1.5. Acceptance: In a healthy relation ship, the other person accepts you the way you are, and also accepts your opinions, and knowledge of Pregancy and STD's/STI's. This means they would allow the use of birth control methods.

4.1.6. Knowledge of Pregnancy and STD's/STI's: In a healthy relationship, both partners know about the consequences of sexual intercourse, and how to help prevent them. This leads to a happy relationship.

4.2. Sexual Rights and Responsibilities

4.2.1. Rights

4.2.1.1. Choice of Sexual Partner: You have the right to chose your partner and who you have sexual intercourse with.

4.2.1.2. When to have Sex: It is your right to chose when you have sex and when you are feeling sexual.

4.2.1.3. What Activities you Partake in: You have the right to chose what kind of sexual activities you are willing to partake in.

4.2.1.4. Comfortable Level: You have the right to change how comfortable you are with sex, and if you no longer want to partake in sexual activities.

4.2.2. Responsibilities

4.2.2.1. Preventing Pregnancy: If you don't want a child, then its your responsibility to ensure you use proper birth control.

4.2.2.2. Preventing STI's/STD's: It is your responsibility to prevent catching infections and disease from sexual activity.

4.2.2.3. Knowing how Comfortable your Partner is: It is your responsibility to ensure your partner is comfortable doing the sexual activity.

4.2.2.4. Developing good Communication with Partner: It is your responsibility to develop good communication skills with your partner, and that you actually talk about your partner about sexuality.

4.2.2.5. Handling Situations: It is your responsibility to handle situations where you are more sexual then your partner, and vice verca.

4.2.2.6. Respecting Privacy: It is your responsibility to respect your partners privacy and not discuss sex life with others, unless needed to.

5. Causes of Sexual Relationships

5.1. Pressure

5.1.1. Peer Pressure: Sometimes, peers who have already had sex pressure you into also having sex. The couple would have then have sex just to fit in

5.1.2. Relationship Pressure: The partner in the relationship pressures, the other person to have sex, for reasons such as pleasure, or to prove loyalty.

5.2. Religious/Family

5.2.1. Family Influences: Sometimes, families believe that a certain age or requirement must be reached, before their son or daughter can have sex.

5.2.2. Culture: Some cultures believe that having sex is purely reproductive and only should be done after marriage.

5.3. Having a Baby

5.3.1. When a couple feels ready to have a child they engage in unprotected sexual activity. Sometimes, it takes multiple tries before the woman gets fertilized, this can cause a long sexual relationship.

6. No Sex

7. I.U.D

8. NuvaRing

9. STD Safety

10. Get Tested

11. Keep a Healthy Relationship

12. Healthy Heart