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Class Project: Develop an Expert System to Simulate Reasoning by Mind Map: Class Project:  Develop an
Expert System to Simulate
Reasoning
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Class Project: Develop an Expert System to Simulate Reasoning

PURPOSE

Model how learners use metacognitive reasoning when learning in a defined context

Reflect on process students use to study for this particular seminar

PROCEDURE "Development of the Rules"

Identify range of learning strategies that can be used by learners (outcomes)

Info processing strategies (recall, organization, integration, and elaboration strategies

Identify factors needed to represent metacognitive decision making

Began with 6, ended up with over 20 due to complexity

Complex Development Process

Involved extensive discussions and self reflections about own methods

Used a commercial expert system shell to enter, debug, and refine the rule bases

PROCEDURAL ADAPTATIONS

Initially model would represent metacognition in different contexts

Found that metacognition could only be thought of in the context of a particular learning need

Initially made two rule bases

Combined them to make one rule base due to the need for overlapping factors

RESULTS

Merged rule base modeled the initial phases of engaging in metacognitive processes (before studying begins)

Expert System elicits info from user

Depth of processing required by subject matter

LearnerCharacteristics, prior knowledge, learning style, etc

Task Variables, level of mastery required, difficulty of material, time availiable, etc.

SupportStrategies for maximum efficiency, comfort of environment, learner's energy level and attitude, perceived self-efficacy

System gives results to user

a set of study, metacognitive, and support strategies that would best facilitate the learning outcomes desired

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