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Sleepwalking by Mind Map: Sleepwalking


1.1. Title of Article:'Z-drugs' for imsomnia come with a caveat

1.2. Author: M. Alexander Otto

1.2.1. covers how if drugs for insomnia are mixed with certain types of other drugs it can cause sleepwalking March 15, 2012

1.3. Otto, Alexander. "'Z-drugs' for Imsomnia Come with a Caveat." Family Practice News. International Medical News Group, 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 5 May 2014.

1.3.1. -You aren't supposed to mix zaleplon, zolpidem, and eszopiclone with antihistamines, antinausea drugs . doing so can cause sleepwalking, driving, eating. The z-drugs are sometimes used for insomnia.


2.1. Quetiapine-induced sleep-related eating disorder-like behavior: a case series

2.1.1. Authors:Sadeka Tamanna , M Iftekhar Ullah , Chelle R. Pope , Garland Holloman, Christian A. Koch Coverage is that the drug Quetiapine is thought to cause sleep eating along with other possible sleep disorders. November 6, 2012

2.2. Tamanna Sadeka, M Iftekhar Ullah, Chelle Pope, Garland Holloman, and Christian Koch. "Quetiapine-induced Sleep-related Eating Disorder-like Behavior: A Case Series." Journal of Medical Case Reports. BioMed Central Ltd. , 6 Nov. 2012. Web. 5 May 2014.

2.2.1. -Sleep-related eating disorder is when a person binge eats while sleepwalking without remembering they did it -Quetiapine is a drug that is used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder but sometimes causes the patient to sleepwalk -two cases of people using the drug who had sleep-related eating disorder frequently while on the medication. After the people stopped using the drug their (SRED) went away and they lost body weight.

2.2.2. -Usually occurs within the first 3 hours of sleep -Has been linked with other sleep disorders such as sleep apnea -this condition has also been linked with zolpidem another drug


3.1. Author: Geddes, Linda

3.1.1. covered how a man killed his wife while sleepwalking. During a sleepwalking episode parts of the brain associated with movement and emotion are active but not intent. 2009

3.2. Geddes, Linda. "Can You Be Blamed for Crimes in Your Sleep?" Ebscohost. New Scientist, 28 Nov. 2009. Web. 5 May 2014.

3.2.1. -A man strangled his wife while sleeping at court with evidence from tests the judge stated he had no responsibility of his actions -there has been an increase in sleepwalking defenses in court cases -a report from researchers in Germany stated parts of the brain associated with intent aren't working but parts associated with consciousness were, a test in Switzerland also showed parts associated with movement and emotion were also active

3.2.2. -a recent study found that auditory stimuli can cause sleepwalkers who are sleep deprived to begin to sleepwalk during slow wave sleep

4. How does sleepwalking affect the person’s family or work life? What are the personal health effects of sleepwalking?


4.1.1. -can cause daytime sleepiness -serious injury can occur if the sleewalker wanders outdoors or drives a vehicle

4.2. Synthesis: sleepwalking can be dangerous to the person sleepwalking because they can climb out of windows, drive vehicles, and walk large distances. In certain cases the person sleepwalking can harm others without knowing it even to the extent of killing someone. Sleepeating can also cause a person to gain large amounts of weight and become obese unintentionally.

5. What are the medical reasons for sleepwalking? Why is sleepwalking a psychological disorder? How does it relate to other sleep disorders?


5.1.1. Author: Elizabeth Landau covers that about 30% of people have sleepwalked and some causes of sleepwalking May 14, 2012

5.1.2. Landau, Elizabeth. "Nearly 1 in 3 Have Sleepwalked, Study Finds." CNN Health. CNN, 14 May 2012. Web. 5 May 2014. -genetics plays a role in sleepwalking. -research found that people taking a kind of antidepressant for anxiety had a higher likelihood of sleepwalking also people who take tricyclic antidepressants have a high risk of sleepwalking


5.2.1. *this is a site used twice*

5.2.2. -factors that may cause sleepwalking include Sleep deprivation Fatigue Stress Anxiety Fever Sleeping in unfamiliar surroundings - some other sleep conditions that could cause sleepwalking are sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome. Migraines and head injuries can also do it along with alcohol and illegal drugs.

5.3. Synthesis: a lot of sleepwalking is caused by the use of certain medications. Mixing certain medications can cause sleepwalking. If members of the family sleepwalked the chances of a child sleepwalking is greatly increased. Having other sleep disorders is a large contributor to sleepwalking. Sleep deprivation does it also. It is related to other sleep disorders because a lot of sleep disorders cause sleepwalking and the medication for some sleep disorders causes sleepwalking.

6. What are the treatment options for sleepwalking? Which treatment options have been most successful? Are there any negative side effects of treatment options?


6.1.1. Authors:Christian Guilleminault Ceyda Kirisoglu Gang Bao Viola Arias Allison Chan Kasey K. Li This article covers a study done to see what treatments worked to get rid of sleepwalking in participants with other sleep disorders. February 14, 2005

6.1.2. Guilleminault, Christian, Ceyda Kirisoglu, Gang Bao, Viola Arias, Allison Chan, and Kasey Li. "Brain." Adult Chronic Sleepwalking and Its Treatment Based on Polysomnography. Oxford Journals, n.d. Web. 07 May 2014. -most sleepwalkers are treated for an underlying sleep disorder that cause the sleepwalking. Some of these are treated with medication and the sleepwalking episodes are usually eliminated with ending the other disorders


6.2.1. Authors:Natalie C. Frank, Anthony Spirito, Lori Stark, Judith Owens-Stively covers a test to see if scheduled awakenings during the night could prevent and ultimately get rid of sleepwalking in 3 children. 1995

6.2.2. Frank, Natalie, Anthony Spirito, Lori Stark, and Judith Owens-Stively. "The Use of Scheduled Awakenings to Eliminate." Oxford Journals. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, n.d. Web. 5 May 2014. -sleepwalking is a series of complex behaviors during slow wave sleep - the scheduled use of awakenings in children has shown to eliminate sleepwalking. the child would be woken several hours after falling asleep and also a little before the typical time of a sleepwalking episode. -negative effects of medication are possible risk of overdose, cardiotoxicity, and high relapse rate after withdrawl -has been hypothesized that daytime naps could ease slow wave sleep at night to the next stages with less partial arousels


6.3.1. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research covers symptoms, risks, causes, tests, treatments/drugs, and home remedies. August 12, 2011

6.3.2. "Sleepwalking." CNN Health. Mayo Clinic, 11 Aug. 2011. Web. 5 May 2014. Hypnosis is sometimes used but a lot of times sleepwalking is not really treated and in most people sleepwalking stops in adulthood

6.4. Synthesis: Scheduled awakenings during sleep is a treatment option along with daytime naps and medications aimed at altering sleep wave stages. Some medications are carbamazapam, flurazepam, imipramine, and diazepam. These can have negative effects such as the rish of overdose, cardiotoxicity, and relapse after withdrawl