Insomnia

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Insomnia by Mind Map: Insomnia

1. How did Monroe's experience impact the study of and perception of insomnia??

1.1. http://www.sleep-journal.com/article/S1389-9457(13)01471-8/abstract "Insomnia and Death of Marilyn Monroe." Elsevier. Elsevier Inc., Dec. 2013. Web. 06 May 2014.

1.1.1. This source was done by an online webpage called sleep medicine. This source will help me answer how the cause of Marilyn Monroe's death is related to insomnia. This source was done by Elsevier in December of 2013.

1.1.1.1. Marilyn overdosed on sleeping drugs.

1.1.1.2. She died in 1962

1.1.1.3. She developed insomnia during her rise to fame in the context of stage fright.

1.1.1.4. Prescribed a dozen different psychoactive drugs, mostly barbiturates, but also hypnotic and amphetamines.

1.1.1.4.1. Drugs failed to improve Marilyn's condition and arguably worsened it.

1.1.1.5. Drugs complicated the course of MM’s insomnia and had a negative effect on her general health and behavior.

1.1.1.5.1. addictive paranoid borderline personality and manic-depressive or bipolar personality

1.2. http://www.stylist.co.uk/people/who-killed-marilyn-monroe#image-rotator-1 Warrington, Ruby. "Who Killed Marilyn Monroe?" Stylist. Stylist.Co, 2010. Web. 06 May 2014.

1.2.1. This source was done by the Stylist company. This source will help answer how Marilyn was killed. She was an iconic figure and was thought to have died of insomnia. This source was done by Ruby Warrington in 2010.

1.2.1.1. She died at age 36. August 5, 1962.

1.2.1.1.1. life had begun to veer wildly out of control

1.2.1.2. Marilyn passed away with massive amounts of sedatives in her system.

1.2.1.2.1. "Marilyn had attempted suicide three or four times previously, a fact well known in Hollywood"

1.2.1.2.2. She had low self-esteem.

1.2.1.2.3. Marilyn had a chronic reliance on painkillers and sleeping pills

1.2.1.3. She began psychotherapy because her acting coach told her to. She wasn't getting the sleep she needed.

1.2.1.4. She was born out of wedlock to an unknown mother who was confined to mental hospitals.

1.3. http://www.remmedical.com/insomnia/famous-people-with-insomnia.php "Insomnia." RSS. Remmedical.com, 2014. Web. 06 May 2014.

1.3.1. This source was done by the Remmedical. This source will help me compare Marilyn's death to other famous peoples death over insomnia. This source will also help find how she died. This source was written in 2010.

1.3.1.1. a troubled star in Hollywood that was a habitual insomniac.

1.3.1.2. Took sleeping pills to cure her ills

1.3.1.2.1. But nothing worked.

1.3.1.3. The insomnia kept getting worse until the time of her death.

1.3.1.3.1. The cause of it was an overdose of sleeping pills.

1.4. Synthesis: The Hollywood star, Marilyn Monroe had a really tough time with mental disorder known as insomnia. She had such hard times that she had to take insomniac pills and go see a psychotherapy to help her cause. Which is why Marilyn had passed away because when she died detectives had found massive amounts of sedatives in her system telling us that she died from overdosing. These drugs were prescribed to her so she didn't just get these drugs from anyone and she took advantage of them.

2. What is the relationship between depression and insomnia? How likely is it that someone with depression will also have insomnia?

2.1. Feature, Peter JaretWebMD. "Insomnia and Depression." WebMD. WebMD, 2005. Web. 06 May 2014. http://www.webmd.com/depression/features/sleep-problems

2.1.1. This information is found on the web from a doctor. This source will be used to help me find the difference between insomnia and depression. This will also help me answer the relationship between the two. This information was written in 2005.

2.1.1.1. About 15% of adults suffer from chronic insomnia. Nearly as many suffer occasional bouts of depression.

2.1.1.2. Although just 15% of people with depression sleep too much, as many as 80% have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.

2.1.1.3. Patients with persistent insomnia are more than three times more likely to develop depression.

2.1.1.3.1. “Until recently, insomnia was typically seen as a symptom of depression,” says Michael L. Perlis, MD, an associate professor of psychiatry and director of the Behavioral Sleep Medicine Program at the University of Pennsylvania.

2.1.1.4. insomnia and depression are two distinct but overlapping disorders

2.1.1.5. doctors have a better shot at improving a patient’s sleep quality, mood, and overall quality of life.

2.1.1.5.1. depressed patients with insomnia who were treated with both an antidepressant and a sleep medication fared better than those treated only with antidepressants

2.2. "Insomnia." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 06 May 2014. http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/42496

2.2.1. This was done by an online webpage found in Iowa. This source will help me find what the real case of insomnia is. It will also help me answer the treatment for insomnia. This information was done in 2014 by Britannica School.

2.2.1.1. Insomnia is the inability to sleep adequately.

2.2.1.1.1. Its not harmful and the body is readily restored by a few hours of extra sleep

2.2.1.2. Causes: poor sleeping conditions, circulatory or brain disorders, a respiratory disorder known as apnea, stress, or other physical or mental disorders

2.2.1.3. Treatments: warm baths, warm milk, or relaxation. sedatives, hypnosis, or psychotherapy; apnea and its associated insomnia may be treated surgically

2.2.1.3.1. The body tends to build up a tolerance to the medication, necessitating a more potent dosage in order to fall asleep; habitual use can lead to addiction.

2.3. Altman, Miranda. "The Relationship between Insomnia and Depression." Northshore Sleep Medicine. Grotto Communications, 2009. Web. 06 May 2014. http://www.nssleep.com/sleep-wellness-articles/insomnia-and-depression.html

2.3.1. The author of this is Miranda, Altman. This source will help me find the relationship between insomnia and depression. This source has different material than my other source on depression and that's why I find it benfiical to my project. This information was written in 2009

2.3.1.1. Depression may also be described as feeling sad, miserable, unhappy or "blue." Depression can also appear as anger, rather than feelings of sadness.

2.3.1.2. The first group has insomnia that is transient, less than 1-6 months.

2.3.1.2.1. Patients who continue to experience insomnia for greater than 1-6 months may be at risk for developing a chronic condition.

2.3.1.3. insomnia can be the precursor to the onset of major depressive disorder.

2.3.1.4. insomnia can worsen already existing depressive symptoms.

2.4. Siegel, Jerome H. "Insomnia." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2002. Web. 06 May 2014. http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/109539#296370.toc

2.4.1. This source was also done by an online webpage found in Iowa. This source will help me compare insomnia to different sleeps habits and give me something to work off of. This information was written in 2014 by the Britannica School.

2.4.1.1. Insomnia is a disorder that is actually made up of many disorders

2.4.1.2. person is unable to either initiate or maintain sleep

2.4.1.3. signs of disturbance: frequent body movement, enhanced levels of autonomic functioning, reduced levels of REM sleep, and in some the intrusion of waking rhythms (alpha waves) throughout the various sleep stages

2.4.1.4. chronic insomnia may be related to psychological disturbance

2.4.1.5. Insomnia conventionally is treated by administration of drugs but often with substances that are potentially addictive and otherwise dangerous when used over long periods

2.5. Synthesis: Insomnia is almost in relative with depression. The two go pretty much hand in hand when found as a disorder. Insomnia and depression are two distinct but overlapping disorders. Patients with persistent insomnia are more than three times more likely to develop depression. When insomnia is found to be so severe, depression is almost guaranteed to happen because of the lack of sleep that person is getting.

3. Why might Ativan oral have been important for insomnia?

3.1. "Ativan Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD." WebMD. WebMD, 5 Jan. 2005. Web. 05 May 2014. http://www.webmd.com/drugs/drug-6685-Ativan+Oral.aspx?drugid=6685&drugname=Ativan+Oral

3.1.1. Ativan Oral and I feel like this is credible because it is a medicine web page. This source shows the effects and the helpful effects of the medicine. This will help answer my question on Ativan Oral and how it helps insomnia. This information was written in January of 2005.

3.1.1.1. Used to treat anxiety

3.1.1.2. Lorazepam acts on the brain and nerves or the central nervous system.

3.1.1.3. Produces a calming effect. It enhances the effects of a natural chemical in the body.

3.1.1.4. Take this medication by mouth. When this medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well.

3.2. "Ativan Oral Uses and How to Use - Anxiety." Ativan Oral Uses and How to Use - Anxiety. Remedy Health Media, Feb. 2011. Web. 05 May 2014. http://www.healthcentral.com/anxiety/r/medications/ativan-oral-6685

3.2.1. This link was also written by a Health Media. I feel like this is correct because it goes through everything needed for the information. This will help me with my source because it will answer why and how these people use this drug. This information was written in February of 2005.

3.2.1.1. In a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines which act on the brain.

3.2.1.2. Gives the patient a relaxing feeling.

3.2.1.3. The medication may cause withdrawals especially if used for more than 4 weeks at a time.

3.3. Synthesis: This medicine is used to treat anxiety. This drug sends a calming effect to the brain thus helping the patient who has insomnia sleep easier. It works by enhancing the effects of a natural chemical in the body. If used for a long period of time it may not work as effectively as you needed it to before. When you are using this drug it may cause withdrawals. This will help insomnia out with falling asleep and not having the persons head spinning while trying to fall asleep.