Here you can also find some information about these cities
1985 - Athens
2006 - Patras
2007 - Sibiu, Luxembourg
2008 - Liverpool, Stavanger
2009 - Vilnius, Linz
2010 - Essen, Istanbul, Pécs
2011 - Turku, Tallinn
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one calendar year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. (Taken from Wikipedia.org)
The European Capital of Culture programme was conceived in 1983 by Melina Mercouri.
Mercouri believed that at the time, culture must be given the same attention as politics and economics
The European City of Culture programme was launched in the summer of 1985 and Athens became the first title-holder.