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L18_FS: Anc. Greece: Spark of Western Civ. by Mind Map: L18_FS: Anc. Greece:
Spark of Western Civ.
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L18_FS: Anc. Greece: Spark of Western Civ.

Context

20th - 4th C. BCE

Mediterranean Basin

Greece

Birth of Western World View

Geography

Archipelago

Encourages Seafaring, Cultural Diffusion, Commerce Driven

Lack of Mineral Resources

Mountainous

Limited Arable Land, Small Pop. Density, Military Expansion Possible

Independent City States

Mild Climate

Encourages human interaction

Public/ Civic life becomes Important

City-States

Athens

During its Golden Age (Height) in 5th C. BCE

Direct Democracy, Assembly, Strict Interpretation of "Citizen", Male, Greek, Athenian, Property Owner, Civic Responsibility

Naval Power, Delian League

'Academically' Open Society- With Limits., Arts, Visual, Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Performing, Theatrical, Music, Dance, Literary, Drama, Tragedy, Oedipus Rex, Comedy, The Birds, Tales, "Hero", Homeric, Illiad, Odyssey, Philosophy, Science, Math, Astronomy, Biology

Sparta

During its Height in 6th - 4th C. BCE

Oligarchy, Rotating 'Kings', "Tyrannical" Rule

Land Power

'Academically' Closed Society, Military Arts Pursued, Many Religious Rituals

Movers & Shakers

Philosophy

Socrates

Plato

Aristotle

Political/ Military

Solon- 6th C BCE, Canceled debts, Encouraged Cultivation of Cash Crops, Encouraged Expansion of Industry

Cleisthenes- 6th - 5th C BCE, "Father of Greek Democracy"

Pericles- 5th C BCE, Age of Pericles, Statesman, Massive Building Program, Strengthened Navy, Expanded Merchant Fleet- Commerce, Increased Salaried Gov't Employees, Delian League, Funeral Oration, General, Persian War, Golden Age of Greece

Alexander ~337 - 326 BCE, Greco-Macedonian Empire, Military Leadership & Reforms, Death leads to fracturing of Empire, Spread of Hellenism

Historiography

Came close to the modern view of how to study & write history. LangDetectel>en GoogleDicC διερμηνεύω, εξηγώ, ερμηνεύω

Herodotus 6th C BCE

Thucydides 5th C BCE

Bard/ Literary/ Theatre

Homer

Sophocles

Aristophanes

Science-Engineering-Math

Archimedes, Antikythera Mechanism (??)

Heron of Alexandria

Euclid

Concepts

Arete

Body, Olympic Games, Martial Skills, Fame, Honor = Glory

Mind, Core Education, History, Rhetoric, Philosophy

Civics, Political/ Military, Active Citizen, Vote, Community Activism, Soldier, Hoplite, Phalanx, Politician

Humanism

Philosophical: Viewing in Nature and Man that which is beautiful and then expressing it in an artistic form.

Secularism

Emphasis on the non-religious matters of human society.

Hist. Events

Persian Wars 6th - 5th C BCE

First Xerxes then Darius III

Cyrus the Great

Darius the Great, Battle of Marathon

Xerxes I, Battle of Thermopylae

Delian League & Athenian Empire

Peloponnesian War 5th C BCE

Macedonian Conquest