"Father" or "Mother" is a taboo term in the society, The Director had to resign after his fathership was revealed, Asking about a person's parentage is considered a "dirty joke", People are created with technology, Mass production, Efficiency, Total control, Addition of beneficial genes, Emotional bonds between parent and child removed, Removal of any social connection
Without relationships: similarity to a robot?, The principle of mass production, Is it ethical? It it morally right?
The concept of commitmental relationships is abolished, "In civillised countries you can have girls without hoeing for them", Definition of civilisation?, Promiscuity is encouraged, Females usually go out with a few men at once, "It's such horribly bad form to go on and on like this with one man", No love?, Lack of commitment/ responsibility, Prevents anyone from having a "bond": relationships, "Everyone belongs to everyone else"
Young children play erotic games
They cannot imagine a world where playing erotic games when young is deemed immoral, Erotic games viewed as children's amusement, "Poor little kids not allowed to amuse themselves?"
Sex is purely casual, "Ordinary erotic play", Juveniles are encouraged to be sexually active, Remove consequences of sex, Remove humanity from the act that procreates humans, Remove sentiment, no love
Flirtatious and lusty behaviour is encouraged to provide pleasure, Love is suppressed; lust is encouraged
Conformity with the norms?
Use of technology?
Mustapha Mond was given the choice of being exiled or trained as a World Controller, What differentiates the government from the people they exile?, "But as I make the laws here, I can break them"
Repeated motif, Title of the book from the Tempest, Various quotes from the savage throughout, Association of feelie with Othello
Symbolises the values of the old age
The banning of Shakespeare shows the rejection of old values, Regard past civilisations' works as insignificant, Which era is the more uncivilised one?
Who exactly is the savage in BNW?, The Savage Reservation, Has characteristics commonly associated with tribal societies, Wildlife Reservation-type environment, People stare and gawk like they are animals, Oft-raised question: when one attempts to civilise these people, are we the ones who need to be civilised?, The world outside, Cold, hard science, Lack of committed relationships, Lack of love?, The people have lost their humanity, Characterised by, No ability to feel, Pain/ suffering, Love, No ability to make their own choices, The World State controls their thoughts from young, Individuality and a solitary lifestyle is discouraged, Even their future and jobs are predetermined, "Infallibility", Science makes them think they are their own gods, No desire to improve, They think their society is the utopian one, Need for work is slowly becoming replaced by machines, The few exceptions go to the islands, They are isolated from the world, Physical barrier of the sea, Emotional barrier, They dare to be different and thus cannot stay on in society, People develop fear of being sent to islands, Loss of love for, Nature, "A love of nature keeps no factory busy", "It was decided to abolish the love of nature", Implies that everything done is to maintain stability in society and to improve economy., Art, Literature and Language, French, German, Polish are "dead languages", "You've got to choose between happiness and the high art. We sacrificed the high art"
We empathise with the Savage's plea, Freedom in, Literature, Feelings, Relationships, Suffering, Thoughts, So what's is our attitude to the society?
Community, Community before self, Everyone exists to serve the state, "Everyone belongs to everyone else", Is this really true?, Lower classes belong the the higher class, However, the higher classes do no belong to the lower classes, Large social divide, "For I am you and you are I"
Identity, Lack of identity, Conformity, No one knows their own parentage, Multiple people created from same egg: same genes, "After all, what is an individual?(...)We can make a new one with the greatest ease-as many as we like", Group identity is prioritised over individual identity
Stability, Achieved through conformity within their own social class
Abolishment of Religion, "God in the safe, Ford on the shelves", Religion now is relegated to the privacy of one's mind, Science and technology takes first place in human society, "Perfection of civilisation" removes their desire for God, "There isn't any need for a civillized man to bear anything that's seriously unpleasant", They do not feel lacking in anything, "Instant Gratification", People are programmed to enjoy their lives, No yearning for more, Satisfaction with what one currently possesses, Removal of all that is unpleasant instead of learning to endure it, No need to fill their spiritual void through God, The people hardly have any emotions, hence they do not feel anything about dying and treat it as a normal process of life., No need for God to look out for them because it indicates that they are not perfect, Total reliance on the World State without God, family and friends, The World State has more control over the people's lives, Removal of belief conflicts, Creation of a harmonious society?, A harmonious society where the different classes of society fear the higher classes and despises the lower classes?, Removal of distinguishing ideals, Achieve absolute conformity within their own social class, Religion indicates a lack of something, Hope for a better age, Reliance on the state by abolishment
Suppression of individuality, Deportation to the islands, Exile from "civilisation"
Higher Utiltitarianism, Communist ideology, Based on the altruism of the human psyche, Selflishness of human nature cause failure, Relation of input to output, "What I deserve", Self before others, Individual rights not taken into account, Strictly enforced by the government
Predestination, The state segregates the society into classes, Alphas (Plus and otherwise), New node
Birth, "the operation undergone voluntarily for the good of society"
Governance, World controllers determine the laws, "But as I make the laws here, I can break them"
Communism, Evidence, Names, Bernard Marx, Lenina Crowe, Polly Trotsky, Sarojini Engels, The Ideology, Community before self, Abolishment of religion and money, One-party rule, However, social classes are very apparent here
Capitalism, Evidence, Henry Ford, Accorded Messianic status, Represents, Progress in technology, Mass production, Each worker was assigned to a continuous and mundane job, In BNW, workers are conditioned to like their jobs, Presence of work shifts in BNW, Sociology departments, Machines keep going, people keep doing their jobs, they get their salary and soma, so they feel that their lives are meaningful and hence they work harder and the cycle continues., Requires a market, Homogenity, Predicability, American success story, Mass Consumerism, Drives work, Only with consumers will there be production, One person's expenditure is another person's income, With money, they will spend, hence the cycle continues and the economy is kept going
Will it result in the loss of relationships?
Will it destroy our humanity?
True vs. False happiness
Work becomes meaningless?, Purpose/ meaning of life?, The creation of the Deltas/ Epsilons
Death is taken lightly, Death can only have a meaning if life does, Life is almost worthless
Soma creates artificial happiness, Is this condition/ coercion of happiness amoral?, No logical reason, Drug-created happiness, Potential to permanently damage lives, Linda died because of an overdose of soma, Humans start to rely more and more on soma for happiness, They forget what real happiness is, False happiness/ delirium generated by soma, If happiness is induced, it is not happiness
Command economy, Notion of money is abolished, Money is the root of evil, Possible realisations on the negative influence of money?, Money will impair their desire for stability, Money prevents conformity, There is no rich-poor divide, Without money, what defines their economy?, Economy defined by want rather than need, Money is what defines capitalism
Pleasure from sex and soma does not equate to happiness
Pleasure may be mindless, but happiness is not
Pleasure is physical; happiness is psychological and emotional
Have they obtained happiness?
Is there a possible overlap?
Science Utopia: science enables perfect conditions to be achieved, Absence of death and suffering, Humans have struck a perfect balance with technology, Technology merely used as enhancement to lives, Are these really utopias?, Technology replaces natural processes with artificial means
Lack of individual freedom, Lack of freedom of thought
Constant state of violence, Violence arises from conflict, Conflict arises from differing viewpoints, In a society striving for conformity, there is little violence
Bokanovsky's Process, Is it right to produce humans simply for working?, Mass production of humans: its implications?, Are humans nothing but a tool used to improve society?, "Major instrument of social stability", Stability through conformity, Why create humans?, Contribution to society, Affirm superiority, Only by creation of lower beings can one be superior
Selective breeding, Are we playing God?, Irony: science becomes the new religion despite discouraging it, Is it right to deprive any human being of a right to improve his life?, Is it right to deprive him of the will to improve his life?, Organ harvesting, Are the clones' organs of the same quality as those of the original person?, Can we clone feelings? experiences? mindsets?, Are clones still human?, "Not human enough?", Prototype is more human than a clone?, Are they on the same level as humans? Equal to humans?, How will this affect human relationships?, Parent-child relationship, Will clones develop the same way after they are produced?, Nature vs Nurture
Determinism, Born for that role through conditioning, The Alphas are born into a privileged position, The Gammas and below are born for manual labour, Fate and Destiny, Can humans change fate?
"Every discovery in science is potentially subversive"
"even science must be treated as a possible enemy"
Is science controlling us or are we controlling it?, Can science be used to control human nature?
"Hypnopaedia", "Neo-Pavolvian conditioning", "The greatest moralizing and socializing force of all time", Subtle "suggestions from the state", Totalitarian state, "You rule with the brains and the buttocks, never the fists", The attack of the mind is more insidious and effective than brute force, Mindset leads to action, Also indicates that sex is merely a tool for population control, "For that there must be words, and words without reason", Elementary Class Consciousness, Children are taught to respect those in the class above them, Despise those in the class below them
Sterilisation, Prevent natural reproduction through women's wombs., Maximisation, Mass production instead of giving birth to babies one by one to increase efficiency, Total control over the babies, Removal of emotional attachment to babies, Society wants to eliminate any kind of social connection and sentiments that would cause people to form relationships