Close Reading

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Close Reading by Mind Map: Close Reading

1. Similie

2. Identify the Correct Tone

2.1. Tongue in Cheek

2.1.1. Form of Irony

2.1.2. Writer Sounds Serious

2.1.3. There is a form of ridicule behind the euphemism

2.2. Matter of Fact

2.2.1. No Emotion in the Writers Voice

2.3. Serious Tone

2.3.1. Formal Words

2.4. Irony

2.4.1. Humour

2.4.2. Often a Serious Purpose

2.4.3. Author says opposite of what they really mean

2.5. Enthusiastic

2.5.1. A list of superlatives

2.5.2. Used in Enthusiastic

2.6. Flippant

2.6.1. Author shows lack of respect

2.6.2. Through use of colloquial language

2.6.3. Normally a very serious subject

2.7. Humorous

2.7.1. The writer is just trying to be funny

2.7.2. Difficult to spot in exam conditions

2.8. New node

2.9. Serious

2.9.1. Very formal e.g.. funeral speech

2.10. Light-Heartedness

2.10.1. Informal/conservational language

2.10.2. Where author finds the topic funny

2.10.3. Humorous in a straight forward way

3. Link Questions

3.1. Normally already Identified

3.2. At higher could be whole paragraph

3.3. How to

3.3.1. Evaluate last paragraph

3.3.2. Quote the expression linking back

3.3.3. Explain Link

3.3.4. Evaluate next paraqraph

3.3.5. Quote the expression referring forward

3.3.6. Explain link :)

4. Imagery

4.1. Think About

4.1.1. What is being compared to what

4.1.2. In what respects are the two similar

4.1.3. How does the comparison help you visualise the subject

4.1.4. Is it an effective comparison

4.1.4.1. Not is it a "good" comparison

4.2. Types

4.2.1. Personification

4.2.1.1. giving human-like qualities to an inanimate object

4.2.2. Oxymoron

4.2.2.1. condensed paradox

4.2.3. Paradox

4.2.3.1. apparent contradiction

4.2.4. Pathetic Fallacy

4.2.4.1. Weather reflecting the character's thought/feelings

4.2.5. Metaphor

4.3. Steps to take when answering question

4.3.1. Identify the style

4.3.1.1. simile

4.3.1.2. metaphor

4.3.2. Identify the literal meaning

4.3.3. Explain the deeper meaning

4.3.3.1. you must clearly explain the literal and metaphorical meaning

5. Formal and Informal Language

5.1. Informal

5.1.1. Possible Repetition

5.1.2. Possible Digression

5.1.3. Possible Hyperbole

5.1.4. Chatty

5.1.5. May Involve Feelings

5.1.6. Personal Approach

5.1.7. Usually Spoken

5.1.8. Conversational

5.1.9. Colloquial

5.1.10. Shortened Form of Words

5.1.11. Lose Sentence Structure

5.1.12. Everyday Words

5.2. Formal

5.2.1. Used in Official Documents

5.2.2. Grammatically Correct

5.2.3. Proper Formal Sentences

5.2.4. No Abbreviations

5.2.5. Factual

5.2.6. Objective

5.2.7. Complex Words

5.2.8. Impersonal

5.2.9. Unbiased

6. Types of Sentence

6.1. Statement

6.1.1. used in factual writing

6.2. A Question

6.2.1. used in reflective/emotive language

6.2.2. Rhetorical Questions

6.2.2.1. Doesn't require an answer

6.2.2.2. Emotive language

6.3. An Exclamation

6.3.1. Put across a tone of amazing, shock or other strong emotion.

6.4. A Command

6.4.1. Used in persuasive writhing an instructions

6.5. Minor Sentence

6.5.1. Grammatically Incomplete

6.5.1.1. Verb is ommited

6.5.2. Used for...

6.5.2.1. Dramatic Effect

6.5.2.2. Impact

6.5.2.3. Suspense

6.5.2.4. Urgency

6.6. Inverted Commas

6.6.1. Slang

6.6.2. Spoken Word

6.6.3. Quotation

6.6.4. Title

6.6.5. Sarcasm

7. Question Types

7.1. Context Questions

7.1.1. Marks indicates the amount of info required

7.1.2. Put in own words

7.1.2.1. Don't quote

7.1.3. Do you Understand the Passage?

7.1.4. Explain the meaning of the word

7.1.4.1. Quote the word that brought you to that conclusion

7.1.4.1.1. Explain how it helped you

7.2. Question types- Wording

7.2.1. Comment on the sentence structure of...

7.2.2. Show how the punctuation...

7.2.3. Comment on the word choice/language...

7.2.4. Explain how the punctuation

7.2.5. Comment on the effectiveness...

7.2.6. Comment on the tone of...

7.2.7. Comment on the language

7.2.8. Explain how effective you find the metaphor...

8. Tone

8.1. Register

8.1.1. Using Language Appropriate to the Situation

8.2. Other Contributors to Tone

8.2.1. Exaggeration

8.2.2. Imagery

8.2.3. Word Choice

8.3. Structure

8.3.1. Can Make You Laugh

8.3.2. Makes You think Again

8.3.3. Oxymoron/Juxtaposition

8.3.4. 2 Words or Concepts Deliberately Next to Each Other Seem to be Some Way Opposed to Each Other

8.4. Point of View

8.4.1. For/Against?Neutral

8.4.2. The Angle the Writer takes on the piece

8.5. Sound

8.5.1. Don't just Identify the Technique comment on how it affects the Tone

8.5.2. Alliteration

8.5.3. Rhyme

8.5.4. Repition

9. Technical Terms

9.1. Cliché

9.1.1. Idiom/figure of speech that's lost it's impact due to over use

9.2. Hyperbole

9.2.1. Exaggeration to emphasise

9.2.2. Satirical

9.2.3. Humorous

9.3. Pun

9.3.1. a play on words that sound alike

9.4. Paradox

9.4.1. Apparently self-contradictory statement

9.5. Oxymoron

9.5.1. 2 words of an opposite meaning brought together

9.6. Euphemism

9.6.1. the substitution of a harsh blunt word for a soft/milder one

9.7. Alliteration

9.7.1. Intensify the sense of the words

9.7.2. using same initial of 2 or more words in close proximity

9.7.3. Adds to the effect

10. Own words

10.1. Checking your understanding

10.2. Keep the general idea there

10.3. do not quote

10.4. figures of speech -> simple english

10.5. not necessary to change every word

11. Sentence Structure

11.1. Pattern

11.1.1. Long/Short Sentences

11.1.1.1. Build Tension

11.1.1.2. Could Be Incomplete

11.1.1.3. For Impact

11.1.1.4. Show Impact of Something By Long List

11.2. Antithesis

11.2.1. Can Have an Impact For Humorous Effect

11.2.2. Suited to Poetry

11.2.3. Balancing Opposites Together to Create a Contrast

11.2.4. Journalist Use it in Persuasive Writing