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Close Reading by Mind Map: Close Reading
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Close Reading

Similie

Identify the Correct Tone

Tongue in Cheek

Form of Irony

Writer Sounds Serious

There is a form of ridicule behind the euphemism

Matter of Fact

No Emotion in the Writers Voice

Serious Tone

Formal Words

Irony

Humour

Often a Serious Purpose

Author says opposite of what they really mean

Enthusiastic

A list of superlatives

Used in Enthusiastic

Flippant

Author shows lack of respect

Through use of colloquial language

Normally a very serious subject

Humorous

The writer is just trying to be funny

Difficult to spot in exam conditions

New node

Serious

Very formal e.g.. funeral speech

Light-Heartedness

Informal/conservational language

Where author finds the topic funny

Humorous in a straight forward way

Link Questions

Normally already Identified

At higher could be whole paragraph

How to

Evaluate last paragraph

Quote the expression linking back

Explain Link

Evaluate next paraqraph

Quote the expression referring forward

Explain link :)

Imagery

Think About

What is being compared to what

In what respects are the two similar

How does the comparison help you visualise the subject

Is it an effective comparison, Not is it a "good" comparison

Types

Personification, giving human-like qualities to an inanimate object

Oxymoron, condensed paradox

Paradox, apparent contradiction

Pathetic Fallacy, Weather reflecting the character's thought/feelings

Metaphor

Steps to take when answering question

Identify the style, simile, metaphor

Identify the literal meaning

Explain the deeper meaning, you must clearly explain the literal and metaphorical meaning

Formal and Informal Language

Informal

Possible Repetition

Possible Digression

Possible Hyperbole

Chatty

May Involve Feelings

Personal Approach

Usually Spoken

Conversational

Colloquial

Shortened Form of Words

Lose Sentence Structure

Everyday Words

Formal

Used in Official Documents

Grammatically Correct

Proper Formal Sentences

No Abbreviations

Factual

Objective

Complex Words

Impersonal

Unbiased

Types of Sentence

Statement

used in factual writing

A Question

used in reflective/emotive language

Rhetorical Questions, Doesn't require an answer, Emotive language

An Exclamation

Put across a tone of amazing, shock or other strong emotion.

A Command

Used in persuasive writhing an instructions

Minor Sentence

Grammatically Incomplete, Verb is ommited

Used for..., Dramatic Effect, Impact, Suspense, Urgency

Inverted Commas

Slang

Spoken Word

Quotation

Title

Sarcasm

Question Types

Context Questions

Marks indicates the amount of info required

Put in own words, Don't quote

Do you Understand the Passage?

Explain the meaning of the word, Quote the word that brought you to that conclusion, Explain how it helped you, Look at sentences directly surrounding the sentence

Question types- Wording

Comment on the sentence structure of...

Show how the punctuation...

Comment on the word choice/language...

Explain how the punctuation

Comment on the effectiveness...

Comment on the tone of...

Comment on the language

Explain how effective you find the metaphor...

Tone

Register

Using Language Appropriate to the Situation

Other Contributors to Tone

Exaggeration

Imagery

Word Choice

Structure

Can Make You Laugh

Makes You think Again

Oxymoron/Juxtaposition

2 Words or Concepts Deliberately Next to Each Other Seem to be Some Way Opposed to Each Other

Point of View

For/Against?Neutral

The Angle the Writer takes on the piece

Sound

Don't just Identify the Technique comment on how it affects the Tone

Alliteration

Rhyme

Repition

Technical Terms

Cliché

Idiom/figure of speech that's lost it's impact due to over use

Hyperbole

Exaggeration to emphasise

Satirical

Humorous

Pun

a play on words that sound alike

Paradox

Apparently self-contradictory statement

Oxymoron

2 words of an opposite meaning brought together

Euphemism

the substitution of a harsh blunt word for a soft/milder one

Alliteration

Intensify the sense of the words

using same initial of 2 or more words in close proximity

Adds to the effect

Own words

Checking your understanding

Keep the general idea there

do not quote

figures of speech -> simple english

not necessary to change every word

Sentence Structure

Pattern

Long/Short Sentences, Build Tension, Could Be Incomplete, For Impact, Show Impact of Something By Long List

Antithesis

Can Have an Impact For Humorous Effect

Suited to Poetry

Balancing Opposites Together to Create a Contrast

Journalist Use it in Persuasive Writing