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Student Assessments by Mind Map: Student Assessments
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Student Assessments

Diagnostic

Definition

Diagnostic assessment is defined as assessment that is used to identify a student's needs and abilities and the student's readiness to acquire the knowledge and skills outlined in the curriculum expectations.

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Formative

Definition

Formative assessment is a range of formal and informal assessment procedures employed by teachers during the learning process in order to modify teaching and learning activities to improve student attainment. It typically involves qualitative feedback for both student and teacher that focuses on the details of content and performance. It is commonly contrasted with summative assessment, which seeks to monitor educational outcomes, often for purposes of external accountability.

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Summative

Definition

Summative assessment refers to the assessment of participants, and summarizes their development at a particular time. In contrast to formative assessment, the focus is on the outcome of a program. Summative assessment is characterized as assessment of learning and is contrasted with formative assessment, which is assessment for learning. This is taught in many educational programs in the United States. Scriven claims that while all assessment technique can be summative, only some are formative.

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Performance-Based

Definition

Performance-based assessment is any assessment strategy designed to estimate a child's knowledge, understanding, ability, skill and/or attitudes in a consistent fashion across individuals emphasizing methods other than standardized achievement tests, particularly those using multiple choice formats.

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High-Stakes

Definition

A high-stakes test is a test with important consequences for the test taker. Passing has important benefits, such as a high school diploma, a scholarship, or a license to practice a profession. Failing has important disadvantages, such as being forced to take remedial classes until the test can be passed, not being allowed to drive a car, or not being able to find employment. The use and misuse of high-stakes tests are a controversial topic in public education, especially in the United States where they have become especially popular in recent years, used not only to assess students but in attempts to increase teacher accountability.

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Portfolio

Definition

Portfolio assessment is an assessment form that learners do together with their teachers, and is an alternative to the classic classroom test. The portfolio contains samples of the learner's work and shows growth over time.

Examples

Electronic samples of work can be shown to whole class. Allow students to take photos of their own work using digital camera. Allow students to record reading/interviewing etc and save file for assessment purposes. Show pictures of work. Show demonstrations of good behaviour.

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Authentic

Definition

Authentic assessment is the measurement of intellectual accomplishments that are worthwhile, significant, and meaningful as compared to multiple choice standardized tests. Authentic assessment can be devised by the teacher, or in collaboration with the student by engaging student voice.

Examples

Video Project - CommercialWebsite - About Students Profiles

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Self-Assessment

Definition

Self-assessment, is a process whereby students grade assignments or tests based on a teacher’s benchmarks. The practice is employed to save teachers time and improve students' understanding of course materials as well as improve their metacognitive skills. Rubrics are often used in conjunction with Self-Assessment.

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Replaying a recorded video of students’ work or students working together. Students use digital recorders to record their reading and listen back to this. Showing class work or individual work using visuals.

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Peer-Assessment

Definition

Peer assessment is a process whereby students or their peers grade assignments or tests based on a teacher’s benchmarks. The practice is employed to save teachers time and improve students' understanding of course materials as well as improve their metacognitive skills. Rubrics are often used in conjunction with Peer-Assessment.

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