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Atmosphere by Mind Map: Atmosphere

1. Prohibition of the use of open fires for disposal of domestic and industrial waste

2. carbon monoxide from cars

3. carbon monoxide

3.1. poisons blood to form carboxy haemogoblin

4. Acidifies Lakes and Streams

4.1. Aquatic Plants and Animals DIe

5. Water Vapour: 1% (Variable depending on environmental factors)

6. causes of air pollution

6.1. deforestation

6.2. burning of waste material

6.3. indsutrial pollution

7. Combustion of fossil fuels which contain sulfur impurities .

7.1. Use public transport.

8. what we should do to prevent air pollution

8.1. Do not burn plastic

8.1.1. prevent driving.

8.2. Fitting all petrol driven cars with catalytic convereters

8.3. Introduction of unleaded petrol and phasing out of leaded petrol

8.4. Reduction of permissible level of sulfur in diesel.

9. Carbon Monoxide

9.1. poison human's blood to form carboxyhaemogoblin

9.1.1. lead to lesser oxygen to organs in the body lead to death

10. carbon monoxide from cars

10.1. combines with haemoglobin to from carboxyhaemoglobin... poisonous. Which can be harmful to Human

10.2. Comes from car exhast and from burning of fossil fuels

10.3. colourless gas

10.4. Smoking produces CO. Don't smoke.

11. Sulfur Dioxide

12. More occurences of unusual weather conditions

13. Effects of Global Warming

13.1. Greenhouse Gases

13.1.1. carbon cycle Respiration Glucose+Oxygen--> Carbon Dioxide+Water+Energy Combustion of Fuels Decay and Bacterial Decomposition

13.2. Increase of average global temperature due to the build up of green house gases in the atmosphere.

14. The 3 air pollutants

14.1. Carbon monoxide

14.1.1. Incomplete of fossil fuels due to the lack of oxygen

14.2. Sulfur dioxide

14.2.1. Due to combustion of fossil fuels which contain sulfur impurities

14.2.2. First, nitrogen combines with oxygen to form nitrogen monoxide. Then, nitrogen monoxide combines with oxygen to form nitrogen dioxide

14.3. Oxides of nitrogen

15. Air pollution

15.1. effects of air pollution

15.1.1. breathing problems with may result in health issues

16. oxygen

16.1. combustion in factories and vehicles

16.1.1. carbon dioxide greenhouse effect Global warming

16.1.2. sulfur dioxide acid rain corrode buildings and statues poison fishes

16.2. Leaches nutrients from soil

16.2.1. REducing Effects of Acid Rain Calcium Carbonate to neutralize acid in lakes and rivers Expensive and Temporary Catalytic Converter & Flue Gas Desulfurisation Help reduce emission of acid gases Helps remove air pollutants in Vehicle Exhaust

16.2.2. Plants Wither and DIe

17. sources of air pollutants

17.1. CO-incomplete combustion of carbon-containing substances,

17.1.1. sulfur dioxide-volcanic eruption

18. Acid Rain

18.1. Harmful Effects

18.2. Other Measures

18.2.1. Burn less Fossil Fuels

18.2.2. Switch to Hybrid

18.2.3. Use lightweight alloys to make car bodies to improve fuel efficency