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Freud on religion by Mind Map: Freud
on religion
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Freud on religion

The man

Austrian Psychologist (1856-1939)

Considered to be the father of modern psychology - devloped 'psychoanalysis'

Escaped the Nazis in 1938 and fled to London where he dieded.

Model of the Mind

The id

Human needs and desires are based here.

Basic instincts such as apetite are formulated

Dreams can be a way of the subconcious reflecting these needs

The superego

This is the part of the mind where humans reason and make decisions

Parents influence this through your upbringing

The ego

The part of the mind shaped by external influneces such as traumas, bereavements, upbringing, eduaction, friends, the media etc etc

Religion and Morality

Religion is an 'obsessional neurosis'

Religion provides a way for people to satisfy their desires

Religion provides appealing answers to big questions - reward after death etc.

People are 'obsessed' with religion because it answers their desires, eg God exists and there is life after death.

Freud's theory would suggest that Kant's Summum Bonum is a positive human desire to aim for but it is in no way guaranteed by God's existence.

Moral values are the result of our experiences

The majority of our moral values are influenced by our parents

Morality is a product of society and upbringing and not something objective to be discovered through reason, as Kant would suggest.

Are any moral values objective??