Human needs and desires are based here.
Basic instincts such as apetite are formulated
Dreams can be a way of the subconcious reflecting these needs
This is the part of the mind where humans reason and make decisions
Parents influence this through your upbringing
The part of the mind shaped by external influneces such as traumas, bereavements, upbringing, eduaction, friends, the media etc etc
Religion provides a way for people to satisfy their desires
Religion provides appealing answers to big questions - reward after death etc.
People are 'obsessed' with religion because it answers their desires, eg God exists and there is life after death.
Freud's theory would suggest that Kant's Summum Bonum is a positive human desire to aim for but it is in no way guaranteed by God's existence.
The majority of our moral values are influenced by our parents
Morality is a product of society and upbringing and not something objective to be discovered through reason, as Kant would suggest.
Are any moral values objective??