I have linked F.V and Education as I believe education plays an important part in making people aware of family violence and providing information to help identify strategies to deal with family violence and provide services and laws to protect those who have suffered. (Website which talks about educatino and family violence: http://www.dvirc.org.au/) Also, within the Tafe Diploma, there is an elective on FV. I have link ed education with social class because most countries within the world have a education systems in place that is based on the social structure. Australia for example, there is a common belief that those who attend public school do not attain the same level of education as someone that attends a private school. However fee structures mean only higher social classes can afford what a 'better eductaion' (Link to article on social class and education)
There are many forms of abuse, but the common theme in all types is fear. Abuse can often be defined as any type of abusive behaviour by one partner that attempts to gain and maintain control over the other.
Some women may feel pressure from their religious faith to keep their commitment to marriage and stay in the abusive relationship. Religious scriptures or versus can sometimes be misused to condone the use of power and to keep women and children in unsafe situations. Which is why I have linked power and religion.
Domestic violence is in every counrty and culture. Some cultures see women in submissive roles and use violence as a way to keep women in this type of role.
Government Funding, State, Federal
I've only put this in my mind map as I believe that a link between social class and family violence is a misconception among society. Abuse can occur among the higher class or in the slums of ANY country. I've link social class to money because low income earners may struggle more then a high income earner leaving an abusive relationship if they rely only on their abusers financial income. Also linked social class and money because typically social classes are seperated by dollar figures.
http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/06/25/2284957.htm In the link above it shows that only just recently in 2008 laws have been introduced to target men who financially abuse their partners. Financial abuse takes form when a partner holds power over the funds in the relationship.
The survey that I have linked is on the Impact on Families of the Economic Downturn and it surveyed 1,650 families with at least 1 child under the age of 18 between May - June of 2009. The survey shows a link between family health and the economy with 'around 34% of survey participants reported that the economic downturn had created more stress/anxiety/worry for them' While economic stress and worry cannot be held as an excuse for family abuse, you will find there is a link between familes who have felt this stress and who have experienced family violence. Not the most recent statistic being 2004, but it explains the other type of link between economy and family violence quite well: 'This key report estimated that the total annual cost of domestic violence to the Australian economy in 2002–03 was $8.1 billion. The largest contributor was pain, suffering and premature mortality at $3.5 billion. The remaining costs totalled $4.6 billion. The largest part was consumption costs, of which the largest component was lost household economies of scale. The next largest categories were production and administration at $484 million and $480 million respectively'
Poverty can make it difficult for a victim to leave an abuser if they hold a financial power over them. If the abuser pays the rent/bills/food it can be hard for the victim to be empowered enough to leave.
You could simply link FV and power as in an abusive relationship one person holds power over another. They can hold power in many ways as shown under the subtopics of Abuse.
I believe that while in many abusive relationships alcohol and drugs are present, it's actually a misconception that is what causes it. There are sober men who are violent just as their are addicted men who are not. However I do believe alcohol can 'fuel a fire' and cause things to be more dangeours in abusive relationships. However alcohol should never be used as an 'excuse' for violence.
There are laws in place to protect people from violence within families. In Victoria there was the 'Crimes (Family Violence) Act 1987' which in 2008 was replaced with the 'The Family Violence Protection Act 2008' The new act aims to provide protection by police after the courts business hours. There are laws in place for drug & alcohol offences. I have linked Law and Power because the law holds power over a society. The Law is put in place by goverments which are a powerful body in society.
Gender links in with Family Violence as you will find their is a higher incidence of Family Violence against women or Men. The link I've attached to gender is a great article on how women are often left vunerable in society due to many factors such as; inadequate childcare & maternity leave, discrimination when it comes to job hours to suit a family, ect. It also goes on to explain that when economic times are tough, women can be the first to lose jobs and lose their financial independence, often making it hard for them to leave an abusive partner.
Social inequalities can be from many different things such as: gender, social class, education, race, age and place of residence. And example of how these two things are linked can be explained by Family Violence within Indegenous Communities and the high rate at which it occurs. "Indigenous Australians are over-represented as both victims and perpetrators of all forms of violent crime in Australia. Statistics cited in the Australian component of the International Violence Against Women Survey (IVAWS) published in 2004, show that the rate of family violence victimisation for Indigenous women may be 40 times the rate for non-Indigenous women and that despite representing just over two per cent of the total Australian population, Indigenous women accounted for 15 per cent of homicide victims in Australia in 2002–03. " (Link attached) I think empowerment is the key whe dealing with people disadvanatged due to their inequalities. So as a community worker it's up to us to empower our clients to use their disadvantage to their advantage.