Paul was a jew who had never met Jesus and at first was an enemy of Christianity.
In 66 A.D, a band of Jews rebelled against rome.
This refusal was seen as a opposition to roman rule.
By teh second century, as the Pax Romana began to crumble, persecution of the christians intensified.
Constantine was fighting three rivals for leadership of Rome.
In the next year, A.D. 313, Constantine annouced an end to the persecution of Christians.
A Bishop was also a priest, supervised several local churches.
The apostle peter had traveled to Rome from Jerusalism and became the first bishop there.
Disagreements about beliefs develped among its followers.
In A.D. 325, Constantine moved to solodify further the teachings of Christianity.
Augustine taught that humans needed the grace of God to be saved.
Augustine wrote that the fate of cities such as Rome was not important because the heavenly city, the city of God, could never be destroyed.