Historic Documents - Brady Williams

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Historic Documents - Brady Williams by Mind Map: Historic Documents - Brady Williams

1. Declaration of Independance

1.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

1.1.1. Answer: The main purpose of the Declaration of Independence was to explain to foreign nations why the colonies had chose to split from Great Britain.

1.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

1.2.1. Answer: The people who were responsible for writing the Declaration of Independence were Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert R. Livingston, Roger Sherman, and Thomas Jefferson.

1.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

1.3.1. Answer: July 4, 1976 to present.

1.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

1.4.1. Answer: there are 5 sections that explain the purposes of the colonies wanting to split from Great Britain.

1.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

1.5.1. Answer: 5 things we need to know about the document are as followed. It gave us our freedom, it gave us our own country, the holiday July 4th was introduced because of this, the actual signing wasn't until August 2nd, 1776, and lastly, without it we wouldn't be where we are today.

2. Northwest Ordinance

2.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

2.1.1. Answer: The Northwest Ordinance was an act by Congress of the Confederation of the U.S. It established a government in the northwest territory. Passed on July 13, 1787.

2.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

2.2.1. Answer: Nathan Dane wrote it.

2.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

2.3.1. Answer: 1787- 1851

2.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

2.4.1. Answer: It had 4 different provisions.

2.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

2.5.1. Answer: It became a law on July 13, 1787. Its first governor was Authur St. Clair. 5,000 settlers were required to have a legislature. 60,000 were required to gain admission into the league as a state. It created 5 new states.

3. Articles of Confederation

3.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

3.1.1. Answer: The purpose was to add a general government to the 13 colonies that defeated Britain to gain their freedom.

3.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

3.2.1. Answer: John Dickinson

3.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

3.3.1. Answer: 1764-1789

3.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

3.4.1. Answer: The articles contained a preamble and 13 articles.

3.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

3.5.1. Answer: Adopted by Continental Congress in November of 1777. Established a Confederation Congress on November 15, 1777. Ratified by the 13th and final state (Maryland). Got replaced by U.S. Constitution. Denied Congress the power to collect taxes.

4. Constitution

4.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

4.1.1. Answer: The main purpose was to establish the rights of all American citizens.

4.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

4.2.1. Answer: James Madison

4.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

4.3.1. Answer: September 17,1787 to Present

4.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

4.4.1. Answer: It is made up of the Preamble and 7 articles.

4.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

4.5.1. Answer: The constitution was written in the same Pennsylvania state house as where the Declaration was signed. It got ratified almost a year after it was written. The Constitution was written as a secret. Out of all written Constitutions, the U.S. one is the oldest and the shortest. 55 delegates attended the Constitutional Convention and 39 signed it.

5. Bill of Rights

5.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

5.1.1. Answer: Congress transmitted to Legislatures 12 proposed Amendments to the Constitution

5.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

5.2.1. Answer: James Madison

5.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

5.3.1. Answer: 1791 to present time

5.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

5.4.1. Answer: Each Amendment has it's own little section.

5.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

5.5.1. Answer: The first 10 Amendments of the Constitution are known as The Bill of Rights. They came into effect on September 25, 1791. Covers freedoms that weren't included in the Constitution. In it's first 150 years it didn't have that much of an impact on judicial decisions. Congress adopted the Bill of Rights on August 21, 1789

6. Fedarlist Papers

6.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

6.1.1. Answer: It is to promote the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.

6.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

6.2.1. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.

6.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

6.3.1. Answer: October 1787 to August 1788

6.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

6.4.1. Answer: It is separated into 85 separate articles.

6.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

6.5.1. Answer: Originally there were on 84 articles written. The 2 sets are go-to's when interpreting the Constitution. The articles catch out motivation and philosophy regarding our version of government. At first no one knew who wrote the articles. The articles appeared in 3 newspapers.

7. Anti-Federalist Papers

7.1. 1.) What is the general purpose of this document?

7.1.1. Answer: Was written in opposition to the ratification of the Constitution.

7.2. 2.) Who was responsible for writing it?

7.2.1. Answer: George Clinton, Robert Yates, Samuel Bryan, and Federal Farmers

7.3. 3.) What time frame was/is the document significant?

7.3.1. Answer: 1787 to 1788

7.4. 4.) How is the document structured?

7.4.1. Answer: It is structured with 85 papers.

7.5. 5.) What are the top 5 most important things we need to know about this document?

7.5.1. Answer: Wrote to unratify the Constitution. The articles contained warnings of danger from tyranny. There is no book or collection of the articles. Promoted a more connective and firmer Union. The authors didn't put their real names on the articles.