The New Deal: Fighting the Great Depression

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The New Deal: Fighting the Great Depression by Mind Map: The New Deal: Fighting the Great Depression

1. The new plan

1.1. step 1 - dealt w/ the banking crisis - BANKING HOLIDAY- banks shut down and subject to inspection, allowed to open when "healthy"- people's confidence returned • they redeposited, allowing banks to invest in the economy.

1.2. A revolution to fixing the Great Depression.

1.3. step 2 - stock market reform- Security Exchange Commission to police the NYSE practice of buying on margin was regulated.

1.4. step 3 - to put more $ in circulation, FDR went off the GOLD STANDARD the government could print more $ than Fort Knox gold reserves would allow w/ more $ in circulation, wages and prices increased.

1.5. Inflation was the cause and the dollar level lowered.

1.6. New Deal helped in stimulating the U.S. economy, but only WWII would solve any lingering problems

2. New laws

2.1. NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY ACT (NIRA) and NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMIN (NRA) were established to end animosity labour and business • all was redirected to industrial growth • fair labour codes established - wages, no child labour, shortened work hours- business people challenged the NRA, claiming it was communist.

2.2. There was a apposing side called the Liberty League.

2.3. nationalization v. privatization

2.4. AGRUCULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT (AAA) - passed in 1933 to aid formers- its objective was to restore farmers' purchasing power and to restore the family farm - AAA had farmers cut back on crop production by paying them equivalent.

2.5. AAA was declared unconstitutional so the courts changed it.

2.6. National Labour Relations Act

2.6.1. Allowed Union and labor tactics.

2.7. Social Security Act (1935)- feared by opponents as "creeping socialism"- this act typifies the WELFARE STATE - unemployment insurance, old age pensions

2.8. 1936 - "Soak The Rich" tax

3. Events

3.1. The Annual Move by Otis Dozier, 1936

3.2. Kansas City from Politics, Farming, & the Law

3.3. Thomas Hart Benton, 1936

3.4. Construction of the Dam by William Gropper

4. Agriculture

4.1. # SUBSIDIES (paid not to produce) - bad side: # 1) food production down when millions were starving # 2) Black sharecroppers were hurt: white landowners paid not to farm so they got rid of Black tenant formers.

4.2. Food Stamp Act of 1939 - gave away surplus food to poor, also guaranteed farmers a market.

5. Unemployment

5.1. Still a growing problem.

6. Jobs

6.1. CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS (CCC) - in 1933 - set to establish work for young men (18-25) in areas of, soil conservation, flood control, road construction - also took them out of urban labour markets - but Blacks not allowed to work.

7. Organizations

7.1. National Youth Administration

7.1.1. Create jobs in urban areas.

7.2. FED. EMERGENCY RELIEF ACT (FERA)

7.2.1. Focused on the older workers.

8. FDR

8.1. ELECTION OF 1936

8.2. Won against Alf Landon.

8.3. FDR wants # of judges changed from 9 to15 (to "pack the court") - great opposition, so FDR w/drew this proposal.

8.4. # ELECTION OF 1940 - FDR broke with tradition & ran a 3rd time.