IDEA Disability Categories

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IDEA Disability Categories by Mind Map: IDEA Disability Categories

1. Laws


2. Specific Learning Disabilities

2.1. Characteristics

2.1.1. disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.

2.1.2. most often affected are: reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, and doing math.

2.2. Interventions /Treatments

2.2.1. Special related services


3. Other Health Impairments

3.1. Characteristics

3.1.1. having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment

3.1.2. is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, sickle cell anemia, and Tourette syndrome;

3.2. Interventions /Treatments

3.2.1. Will vary according to the condition

3.2.2. Special related services

4. Traumatic Brain Injury

4.1. Characteristics

4.1.1. injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment,

4.1.2. injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech.

4.2. Interventions /Treatments

4.2.1. IEP

4.2.2. Medica/ according to injury

4.2.3. Vestibula,motor,therapies according to injury

4.2.4. Special related services

5. Visual Impairment /Blindness

5.1. Characteristics

5.1.1. impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

5.2. Interventions /Treatments

5.2.1. Special Services

6. Speech or Language Impairment

6.1. Characteristics

6.1.1. communication disorder such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

6.2. Interventions /Treatments

6.2.1. Speech therapies

6.2.2. IEP

7. Orthopedic Impairment

7.1. Characteristics

7.1.1. affecting verbal and nonverbal communication

7.1.2. impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performancecaused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis), and impairments from other causes (e.g.,cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).

7.1.3. resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines

7.1.4. Affects social interaction,

7.2. Interventions /Treatments

8. Multiple Disabilities

8.1. Characteristics

8.1.1. simultaneous or a combination of which causes such severe educational needs

8.2. Intervention/Treatments

8.2.1. Case Study 4 year old boy (Matteo)with multiple disabilities. Was born normally, had a stroke at 3 days of age paralyzing his right side of the body. No IEP. only class accommodations, OT Therapy, Psychological therapy, Special Ed teacher work on Reading Comprehension and writing strategies. Use assisstive technology such as computer or tablets for writing and recording as writing was extremely hard. At the end the year, full psychological evaluation was recommended as his progress was slow and has a shadow teacher for 3 times per week for half the day.

8.2.2. Varies depending on the dissabilities

8.2.3. Early Intervention

9. Intellectual Disabilities

9.1. Characteristics

9.1.1. sub average intellectual functioning

9.1.2. deficits in adaptive behavior

9.1.3. limitations in mental functioning and in skills

9.1.4. may take longer to learn to speak, walk, and take care of their personal needs such as dressing or eating

9.2. Interventions/Treatments

9.2.1. Rosas Law - cognitive disabilities or, previously, mental retardation

9.2.2. Behavior & Academic modification,IEP

9.2.3. Early Intervention

10. Hearing Impairment

10.1. Characteristics

10.1.1. impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance

10.1.2. delayed in developing communication skills

10.1.3. does not respond consistently to sounds

10.2. Interventions/Treatments

10.2.1. Early intervention focuses on helping eligible babies and toddlers learn the basic and brand-new skills that typically develop during the first three years of life,

10.2.2. Speech and Language Therapy

10.2.3. Occupational Theraphy

10.2.4. Auditory processing theraphy Case Study. 6 Year old boy, (Johnny) Mother had Chicken pox when pregnant. Diagnosed with with sever hearing loss at 2 years old. Attended regular school. Was on an IEP with differentiated instruction, Received Auditory Processing Therapy (NeuroNet), Speech and Language therapy, Had cochlea implant at age 8. Used assisstive technology such as hearing aid amplifiers in the classroom, audio recording to help him with his listening and speech. (FastForward & Lindamood-bell programs)

10.2.5. Medical services(implants)

10.2.6. Medical prosthesis; hearing aids, cochlear implants

11. Emotional Disturbances

11.1. Characteristics

11.1.1. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors

11.1.2. An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships

11.1.3. Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances

11.1.4. A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression

11.1.5. A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

11.2. Intervention/Treatments

11.2.1. Behavior Interventions

11.2.2. Drug theraphy

11.2.3. Psychological intervention

12. Developmental Delay

12.1. Characteristics

12.1.1. Delay in one of the following areas physical development; cognitive development; communication; social or emotional development; or adaptive [behavioral] development.

12.2. Interventions

12.2.1. Speech therapies

12.2.2. Behavior Interventions

12.2.3. psychological interventions

12.2.4. Early intervention services

13. Deaf-Blindness

13.1. Characteristics

13.1.1. Simultaneous Loss of both hearing and sight

13.1.2. severe communication and other developmental and educational needs

13.2. Interventions

13.2.1. Special sensory media/technology

13.2.2. One on one teaching

14. Deafness

14.1. Charactristics

14.1.1. hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing,

14.2. Interventions/Treatments

14.2.1. Sign Language /lip reading

14.2.2. Special use of technology/media

14.2.3. hearing processing therapies

14.2.4. Medical prosthesis; hearing aids, cochlear implants

15. Autism

15.1. affecting verbal and nonverbal communication

15.2. repetitive activities and stereotyped movemen

15.3. resistance to environmental change or changes in daily routines

15.4. Afects social interaction,

15.5. Interventions

15.5.1. Behavior Interventions

15.5.2. Dietary Modification

15.5.3. Various Theraphies 3 year old girl (Muna) diagnosed with Autism, had a shadow teacher 3 times per week, Was on a behavior modification plan, Speech therapy, horse riding therapy, auditory processing therapy, Use Dolman-Delacatto method, Assisstive technology; use of computer and tablet for attention exercises and immediate positive reinforcement.

15.5.4. Early Intrvention

16. Strategies


17. Learning Disabilities