Lord of the Flies- Rules and Laws

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Lord of the Flies- Rules and Laws by Mind Map: Lord of the Flies- Rules and Laws

1. Chapter 1-2

1.1. "We got most names," said Piggy. "Got 'em just now." "Kid's name," said Merridew. "Why should I be Jack? I'm Merridew" (Golding 21)

1.1.1. This shows the stereotypical view of parental control over kids, where parents are the enemies and treat kids unfairly without reason. This prompts the boys to reject all ideas from parents as soon as an adult figure is not around.

1.2. "Let's have a vote." "YES!" "Vote for a chief" (Golding 22)!

1.2.1. The first form of order is made as all the survivors gather for the first meeting called by the conch. They know that in order to survive a leader must be chosen. Ralph is declared leader even if he is not the most leading of the group. He was chosen more because of his appearance than his actual leading ability.

1.2.1.1. This picture shows a person voting in a democratic manner, much like the boys voted to have Ralph be their leader. Tara

1.2.1.2. The boys are realizing that they are free from the control of parents and adults. They are starting to create their own society and rules. For the moment, they are following the structure of their original home, with democracy and voting.

1.2.1.2.1. Many of the boys at first were happy that there was no one that could tell them what to do on the island since there were no adults. It ended up being a bad thing though because things were never under control.

1.3. "There was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and most obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch." (Golding 22)

1.3.1. Ralph is seen as a "natural" leader and he has the conch in which a "natural" leader is an older boy who is fit unlike Piggy. The fact that Ralph blew the conch also helps his point at being a natural leader.The group relies on looks for their leader. Golding is saying that people judge leaders or other people in general on looks. The conch symbolizes civilization and rules and laws. The group is deciding if Ralph or Jack should be leader.

2. Chapter 3-4

2.1. "Here, invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life. round the squatting child was the protection of the parents and the school and policmen and the law" (Golding 62). Tara

2.1.1. protection from law

2.1.2. This quote is saying that even though the boys are stranded on an island, the rules that they grew up with are still present. Furthermore, the author is trying to tell us that no matter what bad actions our brains tell us to commit, somewhere in the back of our minds, there is always a little voice that reminds us the difference between right and wrong. Tara

2.1.2.1. Our conscious is what keeps us civil, and can keep us from turning into savages The boys eventually lost their conscious as the were stranded for longer and longer. They forget about what it means to be civilized and turned in to animals rather than boys.

2.2. "I was chief, and you were going to do what I said,"[said Ralph] (Golding 70).

2.2.1. Ralph is starting to be overthrown by the group of boys. At this point the rules are also being disobeyed and ignored. The boys are not willing to follow the rules. Jack only wants to hunt and becomes more of a savage.

2.2.1.1. Ralph expected to get immediate respect when he became the Chief and it wasn't exactly what he was getting.

2.3. "Aren't I having none?" Jack had meant to leave in doubt, as an assertion of power; but Piggy by advertising his omission made more cruelty necessary. "You didn't hunt." "No more did Ralph" (Golding 74).

2.3.1. After Jack finally caught meat for the boys, he shared with everyone accept Piggy. His reasoning was that he didn't hunt, but Ralph didn't either. It seemed as if he was kissing up to Ralph in order to get on his good side and then being mean to Piggy for no reason. It was almost his way of slowly making it to the top.

2.3.1.1. In this quote, it almost seems like Jack maybe trying to "kill Ralph with kindness" so that he can gain Ralph's trust and then stab him in the back in order to take over the island. Tara

3. Chapter 9-10

3.1. “Ralph, cradling the conch, rocked himself to and fro. ‘Don’t you understand Piggy? The things we did—’” (Golding 156). Tara

3.1.1. Ralph still continues to use the conch even though almost everyone else has already forgotten about it. I think the significance of this quote is that it could be interpreted as an example of juxtaposition. Ralph is holding on to the conch, a symbol of rules and civilization, like a child would clench his or her favorite stuffed animal, while trying to explain to Piggy how savage the boys have acted and how practically everyone has disregarded the rules of the island and become primitive. Tara

3.2. “At last he looked down at the beach. The fire on the platform appeared to be out or at least making no smoke.” (Golding 147)

3.2.1. When this is happening, Piggy and Ralph are playing in the water. They have forgotten about the rule to keep the fire going and all of the other boys have deserted to go with Jack.

3.3. "Call an assembly...You're still chief...I got the conch." (Golding 156)

3.3.1. Piggy still believes in Ralph as chief even though the majority joined Jack. Piggy believes in civilization.

3.4. "You're still chief." Jack laughed again. " You are over us" (Golding 156).

3.4.1. Even though Piggy still has respect for Ralph as the leader, Ralph realizes that no one else does as that all control he once had on the island is gone. He really isn't chief anymore and Jack is more the ruler.

3.4.2. Jack is starting to control whereas Piggy still has hope in Ralph.

4. Chapter 11-12

4.1. “Well, we won’t be painted,” Ralph said, “because we aren’t savages.” Samneric looked at each other. “All the same---” Ralph shouted. “No paint!” (Golding 172/3)

4.1.1. Ralph is trying to keep the boys from going “near” the moral idea of savagery. He’s afraid that without rules against it, they will all fall at some point. Rules have become the most powerful thing that Ralph controls and he views them as protection against the beast and savagery. He thinks that if he makes rules, then they will be safe from Jack's influence.

4.1.1.1. Ralph wants the boys to look like proper little British boys when they approach Jack in order to prove a point that democracy and order overpower savagery. Basically, Ralph is trying to frown upon savage behavior so the few still in his group won't join Jack's tribe. Tara

4.2. “‘Which is better—to be a pack of Indians like you are, or to be sensible like Ralph is?’ ‘Which is better—to have rules and agree, or to hunt and kill?’ ‘Which is better, law and rescue, or hunting and breaking things up?’” (Golding 180). Tara

4.2.1. This quote signifies Piggy’s dedication to Ralph, the rules, and civilization has no end. I think it is interesting that Goulding chose Piggy’s last words of his life to be fighting for order and law. Also, we see here how Ralph values and sticks up for Piggy. I think he does this partially because Piggy is on his side, fighting for rules, laws, Piggy’s glasses, and the fire, but also, I think that Ralph finally is willing to show his appreciation for Piggy, even though it might make him look “uncool”. This is special because this happens in the last minutes of Piggy’s life, so it kind of creates a sense that Piggy died knowing there is a special spot in Ralph’s heart for him. Tara

4.2.1.1. Piggy is fighting for what he believes. Even though Piggy still believes in the rules, nobody else does. This makes the rules powerless. To run a government without its people obeying their rules is pointless. This quote shows that the same would happen in reality. This quote also shows that natural leaders can come in all shapes and sizes. The boys picked Ralph due to his looks. But Piggy should have been the rightful leader. It is simply human nature to pick leaders by looks instead of their character or intelligence.

4.3. "I say! You voted for me as chief. Didn't you hear the conch? You played a dirty trick-we'd have given you fire if you asked" (Golding 176).

4.3.1. The rules that were once established are now fading. This has caused many of the boys to go off and be hunters instead of listening to Ralph and following the rules. The boys are out of control and Ralph no longer has control over them, not even the conch

4.3.2. The conch has lost all its power and is destroyed along with the lasting remnants of civilization on the island. With Jack being the new chief, no one hardly even remembers the fact that Ralph was voted as the leader after the crash. Ralph no longer has the power to control anyone at all and Jack is truly the new "leader."

4.3.2.1. The conch shell

4.3.3. At this point, Jack has thrown away all moral and societal rules. Ralph is starting to realize how influential rules are in having an easy existence and the consequences of a "free" society.

4.4. "I got the conch. I'm going to that Jack Merridew an' tell him, I am."[Piggy] (Golding 171)

4.4.1. Piggy still believes in the rules and goes to demand his glasses back. Jack has gone off with his savages and started their own fort as well as their own rules. Piggy still wants Ralph to be the chief but Ralph as no power at this point. This shows that Piggy still has faith in Ralph as a leader instead of Jack because Jack acts like a savage and only hunts. Ralph focuses on the long term goal which is to be rescued. The rules have no power after people stop obeying them.

5. Chapter 5-6

5.1. "Now I say this and make it a rule because I am chief: We won't have a fire anywhere but on the mountain. Ever" (Golding 81).

5.1.1. This quote is towards the beginning of the book. Ralph is trying to establish rules with the boys to keep civilization. He establishes that he is chief because the boys voted for him as chief. But eventually the rules are broken due to savagery.

5.1.1.1. Creation of rules

5.1.2. This is one of the moments when Ralph uses his power as chief to help the boys. He, before, was timid when it came to making rules and honestly lacked in confidence. He then realizes that he only reason they are where they are is because of him and he needs to step up and take charge.

5.2. “You’ve got the be tough now. Make ‘em do what you want.” Ralph answered in the cautious voice of someone rehearsing a theorem. “If I blow the conch and they don’t come back, then we’ve had it. We shan’t keep the fire going. We’ll be like animals. We’ll never be rescued (Golding 92).

5.2.1. At this point in the book, Ralph is realizing how far the boys have fallen from civilization. He knows that to try and break them away from the thrill of the dance and Jack's leadership would be disastrous and pointless. Once they have broken the rules for the first time, it will be easier for them to continue to ignore them. He is hoping that in the morning, they will be reasonable again and he can talk to them about returning.

5.2.1.1. It shows that once you do one bad thing it is a lot easier to do another bad thing and it continues to grow.

5.2.1.2. In this quote, we see that Piggy understands the concept that you must be a leader with a rigid manner in order to get people to do what you want, while Ralph still tries to lead the boys calmly and rationally. I feel that the best way to lead is a combination of the two, or as Theodore Roosevelt said, "speak softly and carry a big stick", which means to be nice, but also be stern with your thoughts when it is important and let your thoughts be heard. Tara

5.3. " 'The rules!' shouted Ralph. 'You're breaking the rules!' 'Who cares?' Ralph summoned his wits. 'Because the rules are the only thing we've got!' But Jack was shouting against him. 'Bollocks to the rules! We're strong-we hunt! If there's a beast, we'll hunt it down!' " (Golding 91). Tara

5.3.1. In this quote, we see how Ralph values the rules, while Jack has no regard for them. We also see their clashing personalities. Ralph wants everything to be done in and orderly fashion and be done fairly, while all Jack wants is to be in power, and the only one in power, hunt all day, and have no rules, with the exception of the rule that he is in charge. Tara

5.3.1.1. Jack the savage and Ralph the civilized

5.3.1.2. As the civilization fleas the island, the boys realize that without the rules they have nothing. It shows that the need for at least some kind of government is stronger than ever. Without s social structure they all will turn into savages and all order will be lost.

5.3.1.3. Jack is no longer civilized and decides to be a hunter. Ralph desperately tries to keep the rules and civilization. Many of the boys follow Jack and abandon civilization.

5.3.2. At this point there seems to be a power battle between Ralph and Jack. They are arguing about the rules as well as the Beast. Ralph wants everyone to obey the rules but Jack isn't obeying the rules. Jack only wants to hunt. Ralph's view of the rules is that they are to be obeyed. Jack views the rules as to be obeyed at some point in time but not always.

5.3.3. Breaking the rules

6. KEY ----------- Will-Asian Emoji Liz Ann- Girl with hand emoji Tara - Penguin emoji Genna- Bowtie Emojii

7. Chapter 7-8

7.1. “…Jack went on blowing until the shelters were astir and the hunters crept to the platform and the littluns whimpered as now they so frequently did.”… “‘This meeting— [said Ralph]’ Jack interrupted him. ‘I called it.’” … “‘I’ve called an assembly,’ said Jack,” (Golding 125). Tara

7.1.1. This quote shows that, once again, Jack has no regard for the rules and openly disrespects the conch. In the first few chapters, it explains that Ralph is the only one allowed to call meetings and he is the only one allowed to interrupt the other boys, and here, Jack violates both of those rules without second thought. Tara

7.2. "Anyone who wants to hunt when I do can come too." (Golding 127)

7.2.1. Here Jack is trying to make it seem like life under his leadership will be one without rules or any form of order. He thinks that the boys will be tempted to come because they want to hunt and be free of social standards. At this point, he is unsuccessful but soon, he the boys will want to become savage.

7.2.1.1. Jack starts out being very unsuccessful in making the boys become savages, but eventually his methods pay off and they end up dancing around with their faces painted, something that they would have never done before.

7.3. "He's like Piggy. He says things like Piggy. He isn't a proper chief." (Golding 126)

7.3.1. Jack is questioning Ralph's power as chief. Jack even calls Ralph a coward later on. Ralph defends himself and yet another power struggle occurs. Jack is trying to convince the boys that Ralph isn't a very good chief.

7.3.1.1. Within this quote, Jack not only insults Ralph, but he also references that he feels Piggy isn't good for much either, so in a sense, Jack is "killing two birds with one stone" by discrediting his two main enemies at the same time. Tara

7.3.2. Jack's version of a "proper chief" is only himself and someone who will hunt and be savage. Piggy and Ralph who make rules and keep order have made them unpopular to Jack and the hunters because they don't like to be controlled. The rules helped the boys' society at the beginning, but now they are tearing it apart.