Eritrean/Ethiopian Conflict

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Eritrean/Ethiopian Conflict by Mind Map: Eritrean/Ethiopian Conflict

1. Eritrean National Identity

1.1. 8th Century - Eritrea is part of the Ethiopian kingdom of Aksum

1.2. Late 8th Century - Aksum disintegrates

1.3. 16th-19th century - Eritrea was held by the Ottoman empire

1.4. 1865-1885 - Eritrea was held by Egypt

1.5. 1885-1941 - Eritrea was held by Italy

1.6. 1941 - British forces occupy Eritrea

1.7. 1962 - Britain decides to make Eritrea a federal component of Ethiopia

1.7.1. In 1962 Ethiopia annexes Eritrea, making it a province; War of Independence begins.

1.7.1.1. 1974 - Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie is overthrown in a military coup.

1.7.1.1.1. 1977-78 - Soviet Advisors and Cuban Troops support Ethiopia

2. Russian Support

2.1. 1977-78 - Soviets ship 50 ships of weapons to Ethiopia

2.1.1. mid-cold war era

2.1.2. Trying to impress other westernized countries

3. ECONOMICS/GEOGRAPHY

4. Ethiopia Annexes Eritrea

4.1. Tries to make Eritrea a province of Ethiopia

4.2. Eritrea = Access to the Red Sea; Access to the Red Sea = Economic Power/Money

5. Post-Independence War

5.1. 1995 - Eritrean troops invade the Yemeni-held Hanish islands at the mouth of the Red Sea

5.1.1. 1998 - International arbitration awards the Greater Hanish Islands to Yemen and divides the smaller islands among the two countries

5.1.1.1. 1998-2000 - Eritrean/Ethiopian border clashes and escalates to a full scale war, killing 70,000

5.1.1.1.1. 2000 - Eritrean/Ethiopian ceasefire agreement

6. POLITICS