Emilys Mind Map

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Emilys Mind Map by Mind Map: Emilys Mind Map

1. Climax Communities

1.1. The final stage in ecological succession, in which a constant enviroment is reached.

2. Wetlands

2.1. An area that's supplied with a high content of soil moisture, such as swamps.

3. Stormwater Runoff

3.1. Doesn't get put through any filtering process, it just leads straight into a lake, river, etc.

3.2. You can slow the flow by putting in a rain garden that could absorb a lot of water. (native plants)

4. Impermeable

4.1. Where the passage of water is either prevented or very slow.

5. Watershed

5.1. An area in which a community receives its supply of water. We live in the Delaware Basin Watershed.

6. Aquifer

6.1. An underground layer of either rock, sediment, or soil that yields water.

7. Water Pollution

7.1. An average american uses 140-160 gallons of water daily. (toilet, snk, dishwasher, etc)

7.2. The common sources: Phospeous,animal wastes, littering, chemicals down the drain, washing car on the stret, etc.

7.3. How to prevent it: No pollutants down the drain, don't leave pet waste, leave plant netive vegetation, grind up leaves and grass clipping for soil, wash car on lawn, etc.

8. J - Curve

8.1. Hits its' carrying capacity and it increases causing a population "explosion" and competition for resources.

9. Non-renewable Resources

9.1. Any material or energy source that cannot be replaced within a human life span. (oil, metals, plastic)

10. Renewable Resources

10.1. Any material or energy source that cycles or can be replaced within a human life span. (plants, animals, sunlight, clouds)

11. Natural Resources

11.1. Materials or things that people use from the Earth.

12. Expotential Growth

12.1. Faster and Faster Rate (Increasing)

13. Non-Point Source Pollution

13.1. pollutants coming from a non/un - specific source. Therefore, we're all blamed for it.

13.2. Examples:Motor Oil, Soda Cans, Dog Wastes, Etc.

14. Point Source Pollution

14.1. Drains and sewers that lead directly into rivers and streams.

14.2. Comes from one specific source (identifyable)

14.3. Examples: Pipe, Storm Drains, Etc.

15. Population Growth Rate

15.1. The speed in which the population is growing.

15.2. Highest: Africa, Lowest: Pitcairn Islands

16. Carrying Capacity

16.1. Maximum number of individual organisms of a species that an ecoystem can support.

16.2. The limiting factors keep a population from reaching its' carrying capacity.

17. Limiting Factors

17.1. Biotic and Abiotic factors that prevent the continous growth of a population.

17.2. Populations would just keep increasing, if it weren't for these.

17.3. Examples: climate change, disease, biodiversity, water, sunlight, oxygen, temperature, predators / prey, etc.

18. Pioneer Species

18.1. A hardy species that is one of the first to establish itself or the start of the process of succession.

19. Secondary Succession

19.1. Occurs in an ecosystem when something has disturbed or destroyed the natural community.

20. Primary Succession

20.1. Occurs in places where an ecosystem has never existed.

21. Ecological Succession

21.1. A process in which the communities of an ecosystem change over time.

22. Biodiversity

22.1. The variety of organisms in a geographic area. This can provide humans with resources that can help things including nutrition, medicine, food, etc.

22.2. The more bio-diverse an ecosystem is, it's easier to resist and recover from disturbances.

23. Abiotic Factors

23.1. Not living, was never living, and will never be living

23.1.1. Fire

23.1.2. Glass

23.1.3. Sand

23.1.4. Rock

23.1.5. Temperature

23.1.6. Wind Direction

23.1.7. Elevation

24. Biotic Factors

24.1. Living ( has to reproduce), was living, or a part of something that was living

24.1.1. Frog

24.1.2. Moose

24.1.3. Cow

24.1.4. Salad

24.1.5. Plant

24.1.6. Corpse

24.1.7. Plant

24.1.8. Fish

25. Trophic Levels

25.1. Producers (Photosynthesis)

25.2. Primary Consumers

25.3. Secondary Consumers

25.4. Teritary Consumers

25.5. Decomposer

26. Food Web

26.1. Shows the many feeding relationships in an ecosystem.

27. Food Chain

27.1. Shows the sequence in which energy is transferred from one organism to the next as one eats the other.

28. Levels of Organizations

28.1. Organism

28.2. Population

28.3. Community

28.4. Ecosystem

28.5. Biome

29. Biomes

29.1. Rainforest

29.2. Tundra

29.3. Coniferous Forest

29.4. Desert

29.5. Freshwater

29.6. Marine

29.7. Grasslands / Savannah

29.8. Temperate Deciduous Forest

30. Population Growth

30.1. The number of people your adding to the population.

30.2. Highest: China, Lowest: Pitcairn Islands

31. S - Curve

31.1. Reahes its' carrying capacity but then levels off.