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Emilys Mind Map by Mind Map: Emilys Mind Map
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Emilys Mind Map

This is just a demo map that you can delete right away, if you feel like it...

Climax Communities

The final stage in ecological succession, in which a constant enviroment is reached.

Wetlands

An area that's supplied with a high content of soil moisture, such as swamps.

Stormwater Runoff

Doesn't get put through any filtering process, it just leads straight into a lake, river, etc.

You can slow the flow by putting in a rain garden that could absorb a lot of water. (native plants)

Impermeable

Where the passage of water is either prevented or very slow.

Watershed

An area in which a community receives its supply of water. We live in the Delaware Basin Watershed.

Aquifer

An underground layer of either rock, sediment, or soil that yields water.

Water Pollution

An average american uses 140-160 gallons of water daily. (toilet, snk, dishwasher, etc)

The common sources: Phospeous,animal wastes, littering, chemicals down the drain, washing car on the stret, etc.

How to prevent it: No pollutants down the drain, don't leave pet waste, leave plant netive vegetation, grind up leaves and grass clipping for soil, wash car on lawn, etc.

J - Curve

Hits its' carrying capacity and it increases causing a population "explosion" and competition for resources.

Non-renewable Resources

Any material or energy source that cannot be replaced within a human life span. (oil, metals, plastic)

Renewable Resources

Any material or energy source that cycles or can be replaced within a human life span. (plants, animals, sunlight, clouds)

Natural Resources

Materials or things that people use from the Earth.

Expotential Growth

Faster and Faster Rate (Increasing)

Non-Point Source Pollution

pollutants coming from a non/un - specific source. Therefore, we're all blamed for it.

Examples:Motor Oil, Soda Cans, Dog Wastes, Etc.

Point Source Pollution

Drains and sewers that lead directly into rivers and streams.

Comes from one specific source (identifyable)

Examples: Pipe, Storm Drains, Etc.

Population Growth Rate

The speed in which the population is growing.

Highest: Africa, Lowest: Pitcairn Islands

Carrying Capacity

Maximum number of individual organisms of a species that an ecoystem can support.

The limiting factors keep a population from reaching its' carrying capacity.

Limiting Factors

Biotic and Abiotic factors that prevent the continous growth of a population.

Populations would just keep increasing, if it weren't for these.

Examples: climate change, disease, biodiversity, water, sunlight, oxygen, temperature, predators / prey, etc.

Pioneer Species

A hardy species that is one of the first to establish itself or the start of the process of succession.

Secondary Succession

Occurs in an ecosystem when something has disturbed or destroyed the natural community.

Primary Succession

Occurs in places where an ecosystem has never existed.

Ecological Succession

A process in which the communities of an ecosystem change over time.

Biodiversity

The variety of organisms in a geographic area. This can provide humans with resources that can help things including nutrition, medicine, food, etc.

The more bio-diverse an ecosystem is, it's easier to resist and recover from disturbances.

Abiotic Factors

Not living, was never living, and will never be living

Fire

Glass

Sand

Rock

Temperature

Wind Direction

Elevation

Biotic Factors

Living ( has to reproduce), was living, or a part of something that was living

Frog

Moose

Cow

Salad

Plant

Corpse

Plant

Fish

Trophic Levels

Producers (Photosynthesis)

Primary Consumers

Secondary Consumers

Teritary Consumers

Decomposer

Food Web

Shows the many feeding relationships in an ecosystem.

Food Chain

Shows the sequence in which energy is transferred from one organism to the next as one eats the other.

Levels of Organizations

Organism

Population

Community

Ecosystem

Biome

Biomes

Rainforest

Tundra

Coniferous Forest

Desert

Freshwater

Marine

Grasslands / Savannah

Temperate Deciduous Forest

Population Growth

The number of people your adding to the population.

Highest: China, Lowest: Pitcairn Islands

S - Curve

Reahes its' carrying capacity but then levels off.