GMS Concepts

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GMS Concepts by Mind Map: GMS Concepts

1. Country Evaluation and Selection/Location Screening

1.1. 1.Objectives

1.1.1. order of entry/operational Modes

1.1.1.1. what are we trying to establish

1.1.1.1.1. market presence(incl. distribn)

1.1.1.1.2. pdn sites(mfg, assembly)

1.1.1.1.3. offshore functional bases(R&D?)

1.1.1.1.4. Regional head/ICT offices

1.1.1.1.5. Supply chains

1.1.1.1.6. More than 1 of the above

1.1.1.2. Internal consideration

1.1.1.2.1. Organizational philosophy(risk?)

1.1.1.2.2. long term objectives

1.1.1.2.3. available resources

1.1.1.2.4. Managerial/organizational expertise

1.1.1.2.5. existing modes

1.1.1.2.6. future plans

1.1.1.3. external considerations(choice of mode)

1.1.1.3.1. host country factors

1.1.1.3.2. market factors(for market entry)

1.1.1.3.3. wider considerations

1.1.1.4. Analyse option of entry/operational modes

1.1.1.4.1. resource utilization options

1.1.1.4.2. entry/operational modes

1.1.1.5. Exit options

1.1.1.5.1. reasons for exit

1.1.1.5.2. Key considerations before exiting

1.1.2. Resource allocation amongst countries

1.1.2.1. Operational Config-Types(Cross Border)

1.1.2.1.1. Concentrated interdependent

1.1.2.1.2. Concentrated independent

1.1.2.1.3. Dispersed interdependent

1.1.2.1.4. Dispersed independent

1.1.2.1.5. Offshoring

1.1.2.2. Spatial Configuration

1.1.2.2.1. Multidomestic operations(non-integrated)

1.1.2.2.2. global operations(integrated)

1.1.2.2.3. resource utilization(integrated)

1.1.2.2.4. dispersed functions(integrated0

1.1.3. Deliverables

1.1.3.1. Options

1.1.3.2. Scenarios

1.1.3.3. Recommendations

1.1.4. Parameters

1.1.4.1. Geography

1.1.4.2. Industry

1.1.4.3. Market

1.1.4.4. Time

1.2. 2.Strategy

1.2.1. Operating Enivironment

1.2.2. Competitive Factors

1.2.2.1. Number of comparative capabilities to competitors

1.2.2.2. Competitive differences by country

1.2.2.3. Structure(Org set up)

1.2.2.4. Assets(Machines/brand names)

1.2.2.5. Knowledge(secret+ingredients)

1.2.2.6. Processes(Sales)

1.2.2.7. Networks(suppliers/distributors)

1.2.3. Type

1.2.3.1. In house

1.2.3.2. Outsource

1.3. Choice of Cities

1.3.1. 3.Choosing new locations

1.3.1.1. Opportunities

1.3.1.1.1. market size

1.3.1.1.2. ease and compatibility of operations

1.3.1.1.3. Costs and resource availability

1.3.1.1.4. red tape+corruption

1.3.1.2. Risks

1.3.1.2.1. risk uncertainty

1.3.1.2.2. liability of foreignness

1.3.1.2.3. competitive risk

1.3.1.2.4. monetary risk

1.3.1.2.5. political risk

1.3.2. 4.Allocating among locations

1.3.2.1. Reinvestment vs Havesting

1.3.2.2. Interdependence of Locations

1.3.2.3. Diversification vs Concentration

1.4. Making Final Decisions

1.5. Multi-Locational View

1.5.1. Location Specific considerations

1.5.1.1. no. of locations

1.5.1.2. Simultaneous or sequential(JV/Franchise)

1.5.1.3. Operations(Marketing/Production)

1.5.2. Cross Border considerations

1.5.2.1. 3Cs

1.5.2.2. Logistics

1.5.2.3. Support

1.5.3. Others

1.5.3.1. growth rate in each market

1.5.3.2. sales stability in each market

1.5.3.3. Competitive lead time

1.5.3.4. Spillover effects

1.5.3.5. need for product, communication, distribution adaptation

1.5.3.6. Program control requirements

1.5.3.7. Extent of constraints

2. International Finance

2.1. sourcing

2.2. tax considerations

2.3. transfer pricing

2.4. countertrade

3. Cross Border

3.1. Cross Border Resource Management

3.1.1. Technological

3.1.1.1. what

3.1.1.2. Protecting

3.1.1.3. Exploiting

3.1.2. human

3.1.2.1. exploiting

3.1.2.2. managing

3.1.3. physical assets

3.1.3.1. what

3.1.3.2. protecting

3.1.4. others

3.2. Managing Cross Border Relationships

3.2.1. Types

3.2.1.1. Traditional

3.2.1.2. Alliance

3.2.1.3. Virtual Network

3.2.2. Collaborative Process

3.2.2.1. selecting

3.2.2.2. understanding

3.2.2.2.1. partner

3.2.2.2.2. prejudices

3.2.3. Managing External Relationships

3.2.3.1. things going well

3.2.3.2. your counterpart is unhappy

3.2.3.3. you are unhappy

3.2.3.4. you are both unhappy

4. Managing Risks and Uncertainty

4.1. conceptual flow

4.2. types

4.3. identifying risk types

4.4. assessing risk

4.5. handling risk

5. Resource Deployment

5.1. Resource allocation amongst countries

5.1.1. Operational Config-Types(Cross Border)

5.1.1.1. Concentrated interdependent

5.1.1.1.1. concentrated entry and/or exit point

5.1.1.2. Concentrated independent

5.1.1.2.1. concentrated resources by unrelated outputs

5.1.1.3. Dispersed interdependent

5.1.1.3.1. along value/supply chains

5.1.1.3.2. across value/supply chains

5.1.1.4. Dispersed independent

5.1.1.4.1. stand-alone(multidomestic)

5.1.1.4.2. competing(primarily services)

5.1.1.5. Offshoring

5.1.2. Spatial Configuration

5.1.2.1. Multidomestic operations(non-integrated)

5.1.2.1.1. sequential/simultaneous

5.1.2.1.2. standard/customised

5.1.2.2. global operations(integrated)

5.1.2.2.1. sequential/simultaneous

5.1.2.2.2. standard/customised

5.1.2.2.3. formulation & development

5.1.2.2.4. expansion and adaptation

5.1.2.2.5. integration

5.1.2.3. resource utilization(integrated)

5.1.2.4. dispersed functions(integrated0

6. Operational Modes

6.1. order of entry/operational Modes

6.1.1. what are we trying to establish

6.1.1.1. market presence(incl. distribn)

6.1.1.2. pdn sites(mfg, assembly)

6.1.1.3. offshore functional bases(R&D?)

6.1.1.4. Regional head/ICT offices

6.1.1.5. Supply chains

6.1.1.6. More than 1 of the above

6.1.2. Internal consideration

6.1.2.1. Organizational philosophy(risk?)

6.1.2.2. long term objectives

6.1.2.3. available resources

6.1.2.4. Managerial/organizational expertise

6.1.2.5. existing modes

6.1.2.6. future plans

6.1.3. external considerations(choice of mode)

6.1.3.1. host country factors

6.1.3.1.1. operational constraints(partners?)

6.1.3.1.2. legal constraints(49% ownership?)

6.1.3.2. market factors(for market entry)

6.1.3.2.1. product/customer requirements

6.1.3.2.2. degree and nature of competition

6.1.3.3. wider considerations

6.1.3.3.1. perceived country risk

6.1.4. Analyse option of entry/operational modes

6.1.4.1. resource utilization options

6.1.4.1.1. onshore,nearshore/offshore

6.1.4.1.2. in-house/by whom outsources/collaborative

6.1.4.2. entry/operational modes

6.1.4.2.1. Independent

6.1.4.2.2. Collaborative

6.1.5. Exit options

6.1.5.1. reasons for exit

6.1.5.1.1. consolidation/reorganization

6.1.5.1.2. changed market/location conditions

6.1.5.1.3. strategic considerations(competitive?)

6.1.5.2. Key considerations before exiting

6.1.5.2.1. current global costs and benefits of exit

6.1.5.2.2. future intentions/future strategic value

6.1.5.2.3. alternatives to exit