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Passive Voice by Mind Map: Passive Voice
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Passive Voice

Further study on line

From BBC LEarning English


From Longman

Lesson plans

"Movie Segments to assess grammar goals" blog by teacher Claudio Azevedo

Resource Material: Flashcards


From Phatenglish


Tp English teaching (tips)


Conversation classes (tips)

Lesson Plan from OneStopEnglish

Passive voice main structure

Most of the times the general rules are almost the same both in English and in Portuguese. However, one must be careful not to use such constructions as if they were Portuguese ones, as they could, sometimes, sound too awkward. See below some of the main forms of the passive voice: Present simple Ann cleans this room every day (active) This room is cleaned every day (passive) note: if you decide to say who is the practioner of the action you can use "by", followed by the subject in the active voice. Past simple Ann cleaned this room yesterday (active) This room was cleaned yesterday (passive) Present continuous Ann is cleaning this room at the moment (active) This room is being cleaned at the moment (passive) Past continuous Ann was cleaning this room when I arrived (active) This room was being cleaned when I arrived (passive) Present perfect The room looks nice. Ann has cleaned it. (active) The room looks nice. It has been cleaned.(passive) Past perfect The room looked much better. Ann had cleaned it. (active) The room looked much better. It had been cleaned. (passive) Notes: Some verbs can have two objects. In this case, it is possible to make two different passive sentences: Ex. They didn't offer Ann the Job. (active) 1- Ann wasn't offered the job. (passive) 2- The job wasn't offered to Ann.(passive) However, it is more usual for the passive sentence to begin with the person. Other verbs like "offer" which can have two objects are: ask - tell - give - send - show- teach - pay

Subject + Verb to be + Past Particple of the main verb + by + passive object

Grammar Books

"Advanced Grammar in use" by Martin Hewings

In this Grammar book there is section only for Passives. Check units 29, 30, 31 and 32.

"English Grammar in Use" by Raymond Murphy

You can find more information about Passive Voice in the units 42,43,44,45 and 46.  


Passive Voice in film reviews


Passive Voice in texts


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Maria Joana