Concepts and Ideas for Designing Effective Instruction

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Concepts and Ideas for Designing Effective Instruction by Mind Map: Concepts and Ideas for Designing Effective Instruction

1. Instructional problems

1.1. Instructional Designer

1.2. SME

1.3. Learners

1.4. Instructional Problem

1.5. Objectives

1.6. Methods

1.6.1. ADDIE

1.7. Evaluation

1.7.1. Summative Evaluation

1.7.2. Confirmative Evaluation

1.7.3. Formative Evaluation

1.7.4. Evaluator

1.8. Needs Assessment

1.8.1. Normative Needs

1.8.2. Comparative Needs

1.8.3. Felt Needs

1.8.4. Anticipated Needs

1.8.5. Expressed Needs

1.8.6. Critical Incident Needs

1.9. Goal Analysis

1.9.1. identify an aim

1.9.2. set goals

1.9.3. refine goals

1.9.4. rank goals

1.9.5. refine goals again

1.9.6. make final ranking

1.10. Performance Assessment

2. Learner Characteristics

2.1. Learner Analysis

2.1.1. learner factors

2.2. Contextual Analysis

2.2.1. contextual levels

2.2.1.1. Orienting Context

2.2.1.2. Instructional Context

2.2.1.3. Transfer Context

2.2.2. immediate environmental factors

2.2.3. organisational factors

3. Task Analysis

3.1. Task Analysis

3.1.1. Conducting a task analysis

3.1.1.1. serving as your own SME

3.1.1.2. Techniques from gathering data

3.1.1.2.1. literature research

3.1.1.2.2. interviewing an SME

3.1.1.2.3. Developer modeling

3.2. Topic Analysis

3.3. Content Structures

3.3.1. facts

3.3.2. concepts

3.3.3. principles and rules

3.3.4. procedures

3.3.5. interpersonal skills

3.3.6. attitudes

3.4. Procedural Analysis

3.5. Critical Incident method

4. Instructional Objectives

4.1. Cognitive Domain

4.1.1. Bloom's Taxanomy

4.1.1.1. Evaluating

4.1.1.2. Creating

4.1.1.3. Analyzing

4.1.1.4. Applying

4.1.1.5. Understanding

4.1.1.6. Remembering

4.2. Psychomotor Domain

4.2.1. Dave's Model

4.2.2. Simpson's Model

4.2.3. Harrow's Model

4.3. Affective Domain

4.3.1. Behavioral Learning Theory

4.3.2. Cognitive Dissonance Theory

4.3.3. Affective-Cognitive Consistency

4.3.4. Social Judgement Theory

4.3.5. Social Learning Theory

4.3.6. functional Theories

4.3.7. Krathwohl's Taxanomy

5. Content Sequencing

5.1. Posner and Strike Sequencing Schemes

5.1.1. Learning Related Sequencing

5.1.1.1. 5 Student Learning Concepts

5.1.1.1.1. Identifiable Prerequisites

5.1.1.1.2. Familiarity

5.1.1.1.3. Difficulty

5.1.1.1.4. Interest

5.1.1.1.5. Development

5.1.2. World-Related Sequencing

5.1.2.1. Spatial Relations

5.1.2.2. Temporal Relations

5.1.2.3. Physical Attributes

5.1.3. Concept Related Sequencing

5.1.3.1. Class Relation

5.1.3.2. Propositional Relation

5.1.3.3. Sophistication

5.1.3.4. Logical prerequisite

5.2. Elaboration Theory Sequencing

5.2.1. Content Expertise Sequencing

5.2.2. Task Expertise Sequencing

6. Instructional Strategies

6.1. Generative Strategies

6.1.1. Recall

6.1.2. integration

6.1.3. Organizational

6.1.4. Elaboration

6.2. Gagne Resources

6.2.1. Conditions of Learning

6.2.2. Nine Events of Instruction

6.3. Merril's Principles of instruction

6.4. Direct Approach to instruction (Transactional Model)

7. Designing the Message

7.1. Preinstructional message

7.1.1. Pretests

7.1.2. Advance Organizers

7.1.3. Objectives

7.1.4. Overviews

7.2. Message Design for Text

7.2.1. Signaling the Text Schema

7.2.2. Explicit signals

7.2.3. Typographical signals

7.2.4. Layout

8. Development of Instruction

8.1. Preinstructional Strategies

8.1.1. Cognitive Load Theory

8.1.1.1. Intrinsic Load

8.1.1.2. Extrinsic Load

8.1.1.3. Germane Load

8.1.1.4. Four ways of cognitive load control

8.1.1.4.1. Goal-Free Effect

8.1.1.4.2. Worked Example-Effect

8.1.1.4.3. Split-Attention Effect

8.1.1.4.4. Redundancy

8.2. Mayer's Principles

9. Evaluation

9.1. Formative Evaluation

9.2. Summative Evaluation

9.3. Confirmative Evaluation

9.4. Qualities of Evaluation

9.4.1. Validity

9.4.2. Reliability

9.5. Standards of Achievement

9.5.1. Relative Standards

9.5.2. Absolute Standards

10. Learning Theory and Instructional Theory

10.1. Behavioral Learning Theory

10.1.1. Social Learning Theory

10.2. Cognitive Theory

10.3. Instructional Theory

10.4. Instructional Design Model

11. Instructional Implementation Planning

11.1. Planned Change

11.1.1. Innovation

11.1.2. Adoption

11.2. CLER Model

11.3. CBAM

12. Instructional Design Project Management

12.1. Project Management

12.1.1. Scope

12.1.2. Project Agreement

12.1.3. LegaL Considerations