Special Education Categories

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Special Education Categories by Mind Map: Special Education Categories

1. Category 1 -Autism

1.1. Ways to Address

1.1.1. Low Tech - Picture Books

1.1.1.1. Places

1.1.1.2. Verbs

1.1.1.3. Family

1.1.1.4. Directions

1.1.1.5. Locations

1.1.2. High Tech

1.1.2.1. Boardmaker

1.1.2.2. Picture This

2. Category 2 - Deaf Blindness

2.1. For Telephone

2.1.1. Individuals who are unable to discriminate speech over a telephone, can use a TTY (derived from ―teletype‖) to communicate via telephone. These devices are also known by the terms TDD (telecommunication device for the deaf) and TT (text telephone).

2.2. For Internet

2.2.1. Deaf-blind people can use computers and Braille notetakers to communicate via the Internet. There are four options: 1) text messaging via AOL instant messaging (AIM), 2) relay services via AIM, 3) NexTalk Text Service (NTS), and 4) web-based TTY interfaces.

3. Category 3 - Deafness

3.1. Assistive listening devices (ALDs) help amplify the sounds you want to hear, especially where there’s a lot of background noise. ALDs can be used with a hearing aid or cochlear implant to help a wearer hear certain sounds better.

3.2. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices help people with communication disorders to express themselves. These devices can range from a simple picture board to a computer program that synthesizes speech from text.

3.3. Alerting devices connect to a doorbell, telephone, or alarm that emits a loud sound or blinking light to let someone with hearing loss know that an event is taking place.

4. Cagetory 4 - Developmental Delay

4.1. Memory Reminder

4.1.1. My Li'l Reminder - key chain device for upto 60 sec

4.1.2. Label Maker

4.1.3. Talking Watch

4.1.4. Amplified Telephone

4.2. Task Analysis

4.2.1. Task Architect

4.2.2. Picture Planner

4.2.3. Way Finder

4.3. Cognitive Training and Retraining

4.3.1. Low Tech

4.3.1.1. Uno

4.3.1.2. Lists

4.3.1.3. Puzzle Books

4.3.2. High Tech

4.3.2.1. Cognitive Software for Basic Skills (cause and effect and switch training software

4.3.2.1.1. RJ Cooper,

4.3.2.1.2. Marblesoft-Simtech

4.3.2.1.3. Inclusive TLC

4.3.2.2. Captains Log

4.4. Cognitive Training for Daily Living Skills Elementary training software teaches general skills to children, including those that their peers are learning in school (e.g., turn-taking, language and reading skills) as well as those that address a behavior modification need (e.g., anger management).

4.4.1. PCI Education

4.4.2. Laureate Learning Systems

4.4.3. Attainment Company

4.5. Cognitive Training Software for Skill Restoration

4.5.1. See software for Daily Living Skills

4.6. Cognitive Training Software for Skill Retention

4.6.1. The Attainment Company

4.6.2. Nintendo Brain Age

5. Category 6 - Hearing Impairment

5.1. Assistive listening devices (ALDs) help amplify the sounds you want to hear, especially where there’s a lot of background noise. ALDs can be used with a hearing aid or cochlear implant to help a wearer hear certain sounds better.

5.2. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices help people with communication disorders to express themselves. These devices can range from a simple picture board to a computer program that synthesizes speech from text.

5.3. Alerting devices connect to a doorbell, telephone, or alarm that emits a loud sound or blinking light to let someone with hearing loss know that an event is taking place.

6. Category 10 - Other Health Impairment

6.1. Most Common AT for Children w/ ADD/ADHD

6.1.1. To help organize thoughts and actvities Print or picture schedule Low tech aids to find materials (e.g. index tabs, color coded folders) Highlight text (e.g. markers, highlight tape, ruler, etc.) Recorded material (books on tape, taped lectures with number coded index, etc.) Voice output reminders for assignments, steps of task, etc. Electronic organizers Pagers and electronic reminders Single word scanners Hand-held scanners Software for concept development/manipulation of objects Software for outlining and organization of ideas Palm computers

7. Category 11 - Specific Learning Disability

7.1. Writing

7.2. Reading

7.3. Dyslexia

7.4. Math

7.5. Attention

8. Category 12 - Speech or Language Impairment

8.1. Language Impairment

8.1.1. AT for Language Function

8.1.2. AT for Augmentation/Alternative

9. Category 13 - Traumatic Brain Injury

9.1. Voice Recorders

9.2. Ultra Key Seeker

9.3. Pill Alert

9.4. Boil Alert

9.5. Talking Micorwave

10. Category 14 - Visual Impairment Incl Blindness

10.1. Daily Living

10.2. Assistive Listening

10.3. Augmentative Communication

10.4. Computer Access

10.5. Writing

10.6. Visual Aid

10.7. Reading

10.8. Learning and Study

10.9. Environmental Control

11. Category 5 - Emotional Disturbance

11.1. Low Tech

11.1.1. Behavior Chart - allows students to visually see behavior changes and positive reactions.

11.1.2. Point Sheets - allows students to keep track of positive reinforcements and can be a great motivational tool.

11.1.3. Book of Possibilities - allows students to visually keep track of goals.

11.2. Mid Tech

11.2.1. The Talklight - it's light flashes according to noise in the room. Can help students settle down or transition to another activity.

11.2.2. iPod - plays music as a calming activity for students.

11.3. High Tech

11.3.1. Funmaths.com - arcade game that can be used as a positive reinforcement, allowing students to work on positive behaviors.

11.3.2. Wii - can be used to reinforce positive behaviors and work on continuing positive behaviors.

12. Category 7 - Intellectual Disability

12.1. Home Living

12.2. Community Living

12.3. Life Long Learning

12.4. Employment

12.5. Health and Safety

12.6. Social Activities

12.7. Protection and Advocacy

13. Category 8 - Multiple Disabilities

13.1. General Literacy LMA Emergent Literacy Multiple Disabilities Braille Struggling Readers Print Writing Dual Media English Language Learners Auditory Strategies Math Literacy

14. Category 9 - Orthopedic Impairment

14.1. To Access Information

14.1.1. speech recognition software screen reading software augmentative and alternative communication devices (such as communication boards) academic software packages for students with disabilities

14.2. For Positioning and Mobility

14.2.1. canes walkers crutches wheelchairs specialized exercise equipment specialized chairs, desks, and tables for proper posture development