Compare and Contrast Instructional Strategies (Smaldino, Lowther, Russell, 2012, pg, 73-83)

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Compare and Contrast Instructional Strategies (Smaldino, Lowther, Russell, 2012, pg, 73-83) by Mind Map: Compare and Contrast Instructional Strategies (Smaldino, Lowther, Russell, 2012, pg, 73-83)

1. Presentation (teacher centered)

1.1. Advantages

1.1.1. Present once

1.1.2. Note-taking strategies

1.1.3. Information sources

1.1.4. Student presentations

1.2. Limitations

1.2.1. Difficult for some students

1.2.2. Potentially boring

1.2.3. Note-taking difficulty

1.2.4. Age appropriateness

2. Demonstration (teacher centered)

2.1. Advantages

2.1.1. Seeing before doing

2.1.2. Task guidance

2.1.3. Economy of supplies

2.1.4. Safety

2.2. Limitations

2.2.1. Not hands-on

2.2.2. Limited view

2.2.3. Non-flexible pacing

3. Drill and Practice (teacher centered)

3.1. Advantages

3.1.1. Corrective feedback

3.1.2. Information chunking

3.1.3. Built-in practice

3.2. Limitations

3.2.1. Repetitive

3.2.2. Potentially boring

3.2.3. Nonadaptive

4. Tutorial (teacher centered)

4.1. Advantages

4.1.1. Independent work

4.1.2. Self-paced

4.1.3. Individualization

4.2. Limitations

4.2.1. Potentially boring

4.2.2. Possibly frustrating

4.2.3. Potential lack of guidance

5. Discussion (student centered)

5.1. Advantages

5.1.1. Interesting

5.1.2. Challenging

5.1.3. Inclusive

5.1.4. Opportunity

5.2. Limitations

5.2.1. Potential for limited participation

5.2.2. Sometimes unchallenging

5.2.3. Difficulty level

5.2.4. Age appropriateness

6. Cooperative Learning (student centered)

6.1. Advantages

6.1.1. Learning benefits

6.1.2. Formal or informal

6.1.3. Learning opportunity

6.1.4. Content areas

6.2. Limitations

6.2.1. Size limitation

6.2.2. Potential overuse

6.2.3. Group member limitation

7. Games (student centered)

7.1. Advantages

7.1.1. Engaging

7.1.2. Match to outcomes

7.1.3. Variety of settings

7.1.4. Gain attention

7.2. Limitations

7.2.1. Competition concerns

7.2.2. Levels of difficulty

7.2.3. Expense

7.2.4. Misdirection of intention

8. Simulations (student centered)

8.1. Advantages

8.1.1. Safety

8.1.2. Recreate history

8.1.3. Hands-on

8.1.4. Variety of ability levels

8.2. Limitations

8.2.1. Questionable representation

8.2.2. Complexity

8.2.3. Time factor

9. Discovery (student centered)

9.1. Advantages

9.1.1. Engaging

9.1.2. Repeated steps

9.1.3. Student control of learning

9.2. Limitations

9.2.1. Time factor

9.2.2. Preparation is critical

9.2.3. Misunderstanding

10. Problem-Based Learning (student centered)

10.1. Advantages

10.1.1. Engaging

10.1.2. Context for learning

10.1.3. Levels of complexity

10.2. Limitations

10.2.1. Difficult to create

10.2.2. Age appropriateness

10.2.3. Time-consuming