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Should medical science always seek to prolong life? by Mind Map: Should medical science always seek to prolong life?
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Should medical science always seek to prolong life?

Colour code: Kelvin - Orange Zi Feng - Blue Chang Da - Delicia - red Yu Rong - Purple

Opposing Point 1: Prolonging life may also prolong the suffering of the patient, thus suffering from a poorer quality of life.

Probable Counter point: -Some may rather suffer pain now in the hope that in lieu of rapidly advancing medicine, there may be the possibility of a cure in the long term - Some prolong life because they have unfinished dreams

eg. kidney failure patients would have to go for dialysis regularly to cleanse their blood. it is a process that would cause extreme discomfort to the patient going through it. However, it is a necessity for the patient to continue to live on as if the patient decides to stop going through dialysis, his organs will slowly stop functioning and will die a slow and painful death.

Opposing Point 2: Medical Science should improve the quality of life instead of solely based on prolonging life.

In some cases, prolonging life may not improve the quality of life of the patient.

Preimplantation genetic diagnostics

Opposing point 3: Mercy killing in some cases whereby the patient is suffering intense pain will need the use of science to end one's life painlessly.

who will decide if one's life should be ended?

Eg Euthanasia

Supporting point 1: The original purpose of inventing and researching medicine was to cure people of diseases and enable them to live a longer and fuller life.

Due to the advancement of technology and medicine, man are able to live longer lives and age gracefully as the improved medical science is able to lessen the pain of patients.

However, times have changed and medical science nowadays also involve ending lives. It is evident that the original purpose is now blurred and changing.

Supporting point 2: The first duty of a doctor is to save lives, not take it. (refer to Hippocratic Oath)

Thus, medical Science is 'oath-bound' to abide by these 'laws' of science, they have to prolong life at all cost

Possible Counter: How relevant is this in today's society?

Supporting point 3: Some religions ban euthanasia explicitly [pro-life vs pro-choice]

From http://www.fbbc.com/messages/kohl_political_science_euthanasia.htm 1. Man is a body, soul and spirit. -I Thessalonians 5:23, “And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.” -When Jesus died His body was placed in a tomb (Matthew 27:60), His soul went into Hell to preach to the departed ones in prison (Acts 2:27) and His spirit went into Heaven (Luke 23:46). 2. God owns the spirits of all flesh. -Numbers 16:22, “And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?” -Numbers 27:16, “Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,” -Hebrews 12:23, “To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,” 3. God has appointed a time for all to die. -Hebrews 9:27, “And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:” Ecclesiastes 3:1-2, “To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;” Ecclesiastes 7:17, “Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die before thy time?” 4. Death is when the spirit leaves the body. This is an act of God. -Ecclesiastes 8:8, “There is no man that hath power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that are given to it.” -James 2:26, “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.” -The Lord even sees when a sparrow falls (Matthew 10:29). Although animals do not have a soul they do have spirits (Ecclesiastes 3:21). 5. Euthanasia is the taking of a life before God’s time. -Only the government has been given authority by God to take a person’s life and that is only in the case of Capital Punishment. (See chapter five.) Physicians are nowhere in Scripture given authority by God to take someone’s life. Apart from the government in the case of capital punishment, all other human beings are given the commandment “Thou shalt not kill,” Exodus 20:13 and “Thou shalt do no murder,” Matthew 19:18 6. Assisting a suicide is putting oneself in the place of God. -As we have seen, the taking of the spirit from the body is something done by God in His time. This is God’s business, not ours or a physicians.