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Alberts Molecular Cell Biology - major headings by Mind Map: Alberts Molecular Cell Biology -
major headings
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Alberts Molecular Cell Biology - major headings

+ The Initiation and Completion of DNA Replication in Chromosomes

+ DNA Replication Mechanisms

+ References

Chapter 16 The Cytoskeleton

+ The Self-Assembly and Dynamic Structure of Cytoskeletal Filaments

+ How Cells Regulate Their Cytoskeletal Filaments

+ Molecular Motors

+ The Cytoskeleton and Cell Behavior

+ References

+ The Molecular Basis of Cancer-Cell Behavior

Part I Introduction to the Cell

Chapter 1 Cells and Genomes

+ The Universal Features of Cells on Earth

+ The Diversity of Genomes and the Tree of Life

+ Genetic Information in Eucaryotes

+ References

Chapter 2 Cell Chemistry and Biosynthesis

+ The Chemical Components of a Cell

+ Catalysis and the Use of Energy by Cells

+ How Cells Obtain Energy from Food

+ References

Chapter 3 Proteins

+ The Shape and Structure of Proteins

+ Protein Function

+ References

Part II Basic Genetic Mechanisms

Chapter 4 DNA and Chromosomes

+ The Structure and Function of DNA

+ Chromosomal DNA and Its Packaging in the Chromatin Fiber

+ The Global Structure of Chromosomes

+ References

Chapter 5 DNA Replication, Repair, and Recombination

+ The Maintenance of DNA Sequences

+ DNA Repair

+ General Recombination

+ Site-Specific Recombination

+ References

Chapter 6 How Cells Read the Genome: From DNA to Protein

+ From DNA to RNA

+ From RNA to Protein

+ The RNA World and the Origins of Life

+ References

Chapter 7 Control of Gene Expression

+ An Overview of Gene Control

+ DNA-Binding Motifs in Gene Regulatory Proteins

+ How Genetic Switches Work

+ The Molecular Genetic Mechanisms That Create Specialized Cell Types

+ Posttranscriptional Controls

+ How Genomes Evolve

+ References

Part III Methods

Chapter 8 Manipulating Proteins, DNA, and RNA

+ Isolating Cells and Growing Them in Culture

+ Fractionation of Cells

+ Isolating, Cloning, and Sequencing DNA

+ Analyzing Protein Structure and Function

+ Studying Gene Expression and Function

+ References

Chapter 9 Visualizing Cells

+ Looking at the Structure of Cells in the Microscope

+ Visualizing Molecules in Living Cells

+ References

Part V Cells in Their Social Context

Chapter 19 Cell Junctions, Cell Adhesion, and the Extracellular Matrix

+ Cell Junctions

+ Cell-Cell Adhesion

+ The Extracellular Matrix of Animals

+ Integrins

+ The Plant Cell Wall

+ References

Chapter 20 Germ Cells and Fertilization

+ The Benefits of Sex

+ Meiosis

+ Primordial Germ Cells and Sex Determination in Mammals

+ Eggs

+ Sperm

+ Fertilization

+ References

Chapter 21 Development of Multicellular Organisms

+ Universal Mechanisms of Animal Development

+ Caenorhabditis Elegans: Development from the Perspective of the Individual Cell

+ Drosophila and the Molecular Genetics of Pattern Formation: Genesis of the Body Plan

+ Homeotic Selector Genes and the Patterning of the Anteroposterior Axis

+ Organogenesis and the Patterning of Appendages

+ Cell Movements and the Shaping of the Vertebrate Body

+ The Mouse

+ Neural Development

+ Plant Development

+ References

Chapter 22 Histology: The Lives and Deaths of Cells in Tissues

+ Epidermis and Its Renewal by Stem Cells

+ Sensory Epithelia

+ The Airways and the Gut

+ Blood Vessels and Endothelial Cells

+ Renewal by Multipotent Stem Cells: Blood Cell Formation

+ Genesis, Modulation, and Regeneration of Skeletal Muscle

+ Fibroblasts and Their Transformations: The Connective-Tissue Cell Family

+ Stem-Cell Engineering

+ References

Chapter 23 Cancer

+ Cancer as a Microevolutionary Process

+ The Preventable Causes of Cancer

+ Finding the Cancer-Critical Genes

+ Cancer Treatment: Present and Future

+ References

Chapter 24 The Adaptive Immune System

+ Lymphocytes and the Cellular Basis of Adaptive Immunity

+ B Cells and Antibodies

+ The Generation of Antibody Diversity

+ T Cells and MHC Proteins

+ Helper T Cells and Lymphocyte Activation

+ References

Chapter 25 Pathogens, Infection, and Innate Immunity

+ Introduction to Pathogens

+ Cell Biology of Infection

+ Innate Immunity

+ References

Part IV Internal Organization of the Cell

Chapter 10 Membrane Structure

+ The Lipid Bilayer

+ Membrane Proteins

+ References

Chapter 11 Membrane Transport of Small Molecules and the Electrical Properties of Membranes

+ Principles of Membrane Transport, # Protein-free Lipid Bilayers Are Highly Impermeable to Ions, # There Are Two Main Classes of Membrane Transport Proteins: Carriers and Channels, # Active Transport Is Mediated by Carrier Proteins Coupled to an Energy Source, # Ionophores Can Be Used as Tools to Increase the Permeability of Membranes to Specific Ions

+ Carrier Proteins and Active Membrane Transport

+ Ion Channels and the Electrical Properties of Membranes

+ References

Chapter 12 Intracellular Compartments and Protein Sorting

+ The Compartmentalization of Cells

+ The Transport of Molecules between the Nucleus and the Cytosol

+ The Transport of Proteins into Mitochondria and Chloroplasts

+ Peroxisomes

+ The Endoplasmic Reticulum

+ References

Chapter 13 Intracellular Vesicular Traffic

+ The Molecular Mechanisms of Membrane Transport and the Maintenance of Compartmental Diversity, # There Are Various Types of Coated Vesicles, picture, <html><img src="images/3uvlpg5gpetc9phajuppnagvdi.jpg">, <html><img src="images/346jkfk9i7cl975urq88msphi0.jpg">, # The Assembly of a Clathrin Coat Drives Vesicle Formation, <html><img src="images/18q6ajsj91v3uu47ets4oqeu6j.jpg">, # Both The Pinching-off and Uncoating of Coated Vesicles Are Regulated Processes, # Not All Transport Vesicles are Spherical, # Monomeric GTPases Control Coat Assembly, # SNARE Proteins and Targeting GTPases Guide Membrane Transport, # Interacting SNAREs Need To Be Pried Apart Before They Can Function Again, # Rab Proteins Help Ensure the Specificity of Vesicle Docking, # SNAREs May Mediate Membrane Fusion, # Viral Fusion Proteins and SNAREs May Use Similar Strategies

+ Transport from the ER through the Golgi Apparatus

+ Transport from the Trans Golgi Network to Lysosomes

+ Transport into the Cell from the Plasma Membrane: Endocytosis

+ Transport from the Trans Golgi Network to the Cell Exterior: Exocytosis

+ References

Chapter 14 Energy Conversion: Mitochondria and Chloroplasts

+ The Mitochondrion

+ Electron-Transport Chains and Their Proton Pumps

+ Chloroplasts and Photosynthesis

+ The Genetic Systems of Mitochondria and Plastids

+ The Evolution of Electron-Transport Chains

+ References

Chapter 15 Cell Communication

+ General Principles of Cell Communication

+ Signaling through G-Protein-Linked Cell-Surface Receptors

+ Signaling through Enzyme-Linked Cell-Surface Receptors

+ Signaling Pathways That Depend on Regulated Proteolysis

+ Signaling in Plants

Chapter 17 The Cell Cycle and Programmed Cell Death

+ An Overview of the Cell Cycle

+ Components of the Cell-Cycle Control System

+ Intracellular Control of Cell-Cycle Events

+ Programmed Cell Death (Apoptosis)

+ Extracellular Control of Cell Division, Cell Growth, and Apoptosis

+ References

Chapter 18 The Mechanics of Cell Division

+ An Overview of M Phase

+ Mitosis

+ Cytokinesis

+ References