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Organic Chemistry by Mind Map: Organic Chemistry
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Organic Chemistry

Finale subject


Naming of Ethers

Physical properties of Ethers

The Grinard Reagent ; an Organometallic Compound

Counting how many C atom attached to the C holding the OH group , 1C = primary 2C = Scondary ,3Cs = Tertiart

Name and locition of the attached group , name and locitin of the double bond then name of the C with OH with the number

Prepration of Ethers

Cleavage of Etheres

Epoxides(oxiranes), Reactions of Epoxides


Naming of Acids

Physical properites of Acids

Acidity Basisity Constants

Effects of Strcture on Acidity; the Inductive Effect Revisited

Conversion of Acids to Salts

Prelaraition of Acids

Carboxylic Acid Deriatives


Prepration of Esters;fishcer Esterifcation

Nucloephilic Acyl Substitition

Spaonification of Esters

Ammonilysis of Esters

Reaction of Esters with Grignard Reagents

Redcution of Esters

Acyl Halides

Acid Anhydrides


A summry if Carboxylic Acid Derivatives


Naming of alcholos, IUPAC, Sitiuitaions possible, 1)Primary strcture, 1)We have one group attached, Name and location of the attached group , adding (ol) at the end of the name, 2)We have more than one group attached, Name and locations of all groups starting with the firist alphpatic ,add (ol) to the end, Secondray or Tertriary, 1)We have one group, Common naming, Allkyl then alchols, Examples, Ch3OH , methanol

Classficittion of alcholos, 1) How do you know what • Alchol has ?, 2) The classifications are, 1)Primary, 2)Secnondary, 3)tertiary

Naming of Phenols

Hydrogen bonding in Alchols &phenols, Alchols, Reasons why there is Hydrogen bonding in Alcohs, 1)The bond between O----H is polarized by the high electronegativey of the oxgen = placing (+) on H atom (-) on Oxgen atom, 2)Due to number 1 above and due to the small size of the hydrogen bond , hydrogen has the ability to link to Alchols togeather, Example, H----O_-_-_-_-H-----O

Acidity and Basicity reviewed, Acidity, Basisity, Old definitions, 1)Bronstad&Lawary definition, Acid, Base, 2)Lewis, Acid, Base, Determaing the Lewis Acid/base, 1)Charge, (+), Always Acid, (-), Always Base, 2)From the electronic cordition in the last shell, 1)Has a lone pair =Base, 2)Has no electron pair =Acid

Acidity & Basisity of Alcholos & Phenols, Acidity and Basisity in Phenols, Rules, Phenols >Alchols in terms of Acidity, Strctural Effects in Acidity, 1)Acidity when phenols are attached to Deactiviating group, 2)The more Deactivitores groups attached the more Acidic the phenol will be, Acidity and Basisity in Alchols

Dehydration of Alchols to Alkenes

The reaction of Alchols with Hydrogen halides

Aromatic substitution in Phenols

Oxdition of phenols

Other ways to prepare Allkyl haldies from Alcholos

Thiols ,the sulfur Analogs of Alcholos and phenols


Naming of Aldehydes and Ketons

Some Common Aldehydes and Ketones

Synthesis of Aldehydes and Ketones

The Carbonyl Group

Necluophilc Addition to Carbonyl group

Addition of alchols : formaiton of Hemiactals and Acetals

Addition of water ;hydraition of Aldehydes and Ketones

Addition of Grignard Reagents and Acetylides

Addition of Hydrogen Cyanide ; Cyanohydrins

Addition of Nitrogen Nucleophiles

Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds

Oxidiation of Alcholos to Aldehydes ,Ketons and Carbaoxylic Acids