Organic Chemistry

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Organic Chemistry by Mind Map: Organic Chemistry

1. Finale subject

1.1. Chapter8

1.1.1. Naming of Ethers

1.1.2. Physical properties of Ethers

1.1.3. The Grinard Reagent ; an Organometallic Compound

1.1.4. Counting how many C atom attached to the C holding the OH group , 1C = primary 2C = Scondary ,3Cs = Tertiart

1.1.5. Name and locition of the attached group , name and locitin of the double bond then name of the C with OH with the number

1.1.6. Prepration of Ethers

1.1.7. Cleavage of Etheres

1.1.8. Epoxides(oxiranes)

1.1.8.1. Reactions of Epoxides

1.2. Chapter10

1.2.1. Naming of Acids

1.2.2. Physical properites of Acids

1.2.3. Acidity Basisity Constants

1.2.4. Effects of Strcture on Acidity; the Inductive Effect Revisited

1.2.5. Conversion of Acids to Salts

1.2.6. Prelaraition of Acids

1.2.7. Carboxylic Acid Deriatives

1.2.8. Esters

1.2.9. Prepration of Esters;fishcer Esterifcation

1.2.10. Nucloephilic Acyl Substitition

1.2.11. Spaonification of Esters

1.2.12. Ammonilysis of Esters

1.2.13. Reaction of Esters with Grignard Reagents

1.2.14. Redcution of Esters

1.2.15. Acyl Halides

1.2.16. Acid Anhydrides

1.2.17. Amides

1.2.18. A summry if Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

1.3. Chapter7

1.3.1. Naming of alcholos

1.3.1.1. IUPAC

1.3.1.1.1. Sitiuitaions possible

1.3.1.2. Common naming

1.3.1.2.1. Allkyl then alchols

1.3.2. Classficittion of alcholos

1.3.2.1. 1) How do you know what • Alchol has ?

1.3.2.2. 2) The classifications are

1.3.2.2.1. 1)Primary

1.3.2.2.2. 2)Secnondary

1.3.2.2.3. 3)tertiary

1.3.3. Naming of Phenols

1.3.4. Hydrogen bonding in Alchols &phenols

1.3.4.1. Alchols

1.3.4.1.1. Reasons why there is Hydrogen bonding in Alcohs

1.3.5. Acidity and Basicity reviewed

1.3.5.1. Acidity

1.3.5.2. Basisity

1.3.5.3. Old definitions

1.3.5.3.1. 1)Bronstad&Lawary definition

1.3.5.3.2. 2)Lewis

1.3.6. Acidity & Basisity of Alcholos & Phenols

1.3.6.1. Acidity and Basisity in Phenols

1.3.6.1.1. Rules

1.3.6.2. Acidity and Basisity in Alchols

1.3.7. Dehydration of Alchols to Alkenes

1.3.8. The reaction of Alchols with Hydrogen halides

1.3.9. Aromatic substitution in Phenols

1.3.10. Oxdition of phenols

1.3.11. Other ways to prepare Allkyl haldies from Alcholos

1.3.12. Thiols ,the sulfur Analogs of Alcholos and phenols

1.4. Chapter9

1.4.1. Naming of Aldehydes and Ketons

1.4.2. Some Common Aldehydes and Ketones

1.4.3. Synthesis of Aldehydes and Ketones

1.4.4. The Carbonyl Group

1.4.5. Necluophilc Addition to Carbonyl group

1.4.6. Addition of alchols : formaiton of Hemiactals and Acetals

1.4.7. Addition of water ;hydraition of Aldehydes and Ketones

1.4.8. Addition of Grignard Reagents and Acetylides

1.4.9. Addition of Hydrogen Cyanide ; Cyanohydrins

1.4.10. Addition of Nitrogen Nucleophiles

1.4.11. Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds

2. Oxidiation of Alcholos to Aldehydes ,Ketons and Carbaoxylic Acids