Alzheimer's Disease

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Alzheimer's Disease by Mind Map: Alzheimer's Disease

1. Indications

1.1. Challenges in Planning/Solving Problems

1.2. Memory Loss that disrupts everyday life

1.3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks

1.4. Confusion with time and place

1.5. Problems with speaking and writing

1.6. Decreased or poor judgement

1.7. Changes in mood and personality

2. Consequences

2.1. Physical

2.1.1. Immobility

2.1.2. Tremors

2.1.3. Apraxia

2.1.3.1. Inability to chew, swallow or speak

2.1.3.2. Unable to bathe oneself

2.1.3.3. Inability to brush ones teeth

2.1.4. Incontinence

2.1.4.1. Urinating oneself

2.1.4.2. loss of bowel movements

2.2. Emotional

2.2.1. Depression

2.2.2. Anxiety

2.2.3. Fear

2.2.4. Irritability

2.2.5. Anger

2.2.6. Aggitation

2.3. Economic

2.3.1. Workplace Costs

2.3.1.1. Monetary costs

2.3.1.1.1. American businesses spend $61 billion annually

2.3.1.1.2. Businesses spend 3 times more a year on Alzheimer's than any other health condition

2.3.1.2. General costs

2.3.1.2.1. 61-70% of employees diagnosed with Alzheimer's leave work early or take time off

2.3.1.2.2. Increase in leave of abscences

2.3.1.2.3. Underperformance

2.3.2. Medical Costs

2.3.2.1. Diagnosis and Treatment

2.3.2.1.1. Costs of Alzheimer's treatment and diagnosis are rising faster than any other disease

2.3.2.1.2. Costs are over triple the amount of any other medical disease

2.3.2.1.3. More than $200 billion is spend annually

2.3.2.2. Insurance

2.3.2.2.1. Medicare

2.3.2.2.2. Medicaid

3. Solutions

3.1. Medical

3.1.1. Non-Drug treatments

3.1.1.1. change caregiver or living arrangement

3.1.1.2. simplifying the environment

3.1.1.3. allowing adequate rest between stimulating events

3.1.1.4. using labels to cue/remind person

3.1.2. Drug Treatments

3.1.2.1. Cholinesterase Inhibitors

3.1.2.1.1. Aricept

3.1.2.1.2. Exelon

3.1.2.1.3. Razadyne

3.1.2.1.4. Cognex

3.1.2.2. Mematide

3.1.2.2.1. Namenda

3.2. Interventions, Policies and Programs

3.2.1. Specific Solutions for Adults

3.2.1.1. RDAD

3.2.1.2. Alzheimer's Association

3.2.1.3. NAPA

3.2.1.4. NIH Alzheimer's Disease

3.2.1.5. National Institute on Aging

3.2.1.6. ADNI

3.2.2. General Solutions for adults

3.2.2.1. Encouraging women to get screened regularly

3.2.2.2. Advancing Public Policy

3.2.2.3. Enhancing Care and Support

3.2.2.4. Encouraging active participation in the community

4. Causes

4.1. Brain Cell Death

4.1.1. Plaques

4.1.1.1. buildup of protein called beta amyloid

4.1.2. Tangles

4.1.2.1. disintegration within brain neurons by a protein called tau

4.1.3. Brain size shrinking

5. Risk Factors

5.1. Social Factors

5.1.1. Age

5.1.1.1. Once you are older than 60 your risk doubles

5.1.2. Sex

5.1.2.1. Women at higher risk than men

5.1.3. Education

5.1.3.1. The lower your education the higher your risk

5.1.4. Occupation

5.1.4.1. A non brain stimulating job puts you at a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's

5.2. Enviromental Factors

5.2.1. Physical Environment

5.2.1.1. Living in an area with a lack of safe walking places

5.2.1.2. Lack of good schools and education in neighborhood

5.2.2. Physical Sports

5.2.2.1. Football

5.2.2.2. Wrestling

5.2.2.3. Rugby

5.2.2.4. Hockey

5.2.3. Food Availability

5.2.3.1. Lack of nutritious foods

5.2.3.2. Fast food less expensive

5.3. Biological Factors

5.3.1. Genetics

5.3.1.1. Having the APOE gene increases risk

5.3.2. Family History

5.4. Emotional/Psychological Factors

5.4.1. Depression

5.4.2. Lack of sleep

5.4.2.1. Consistently getting less than 8 hours of sleep a night

5.4.3. Stress

6. Stakeholders and Efforts

6.1. Federal Goverment

6.1.1. Policy Priorities

6.1.1.1. HOPE

6.1.1.2. Alzheimer's Research Funding

6.1.1.3. NAPA

6.1.2. Agencies Involved

6.1.2.1. NIH

6.1.2.2. CDC

6.1.2.3. National Association of Aging

6.2. State/Local Goverment

6.2.1. Policy Priorities

6.2.1.1. State Alzheimer's Disease Plans

6.2.1.2. Uniform Adult Guardianship

6.2.1.3. Dementia Training

6.2.1.4. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance

6.2.1.5. Medicaid Legislation

6.3. Glocal Effors

6.3.1. Organizations

6.3.1.1. G8 Summit

6.3.1.2. WHO

6.3.1.3. United Nations

6.3.1.4. World Dementia Council

6.3.2. Policies Proposed

6.3.2.1. Adopt a National plan to address Alzheimer's Disease

6.3.2.2. Increase Global Funding

6.3.2.3. Reduce regulatory barriers to develop new treatment

6.3.2.4. Share data/research internationally

6.3.2.5. Find a treatment/cure by 2025

6.4. Strategic Alliance Partners

6.4.1. Organizations

6.4.1.1. TJX

6.4.1.2. Genworth Finance

6.4.2. Have donated $1 million dollars each to help find a treatment for Alzheimers

6.4.2.1. don

6.5. National Corporate Sponsors

6.5.1. Organizations

6.5.1.1. Abbott

6.5.1.2. Rolex

6.5.1.3. Who Wants To Be A Millionaire

6.5.1.4. Lilly

6.5.1.5. GE Healthcare

6.5.2. Area of Focus

6.5.2.1. raise money to fund research

6.5.2.2. efforts to raise awareness of disease

6.6. Foundations and Membership Organizations

6.6.1. Organizations

6.6.1.1. Sigma Kappa

6.6.1.2. Sigma Alpha Mu

6.6.1.3. FM Kirby Foundation

6.6.1.4. METLIFE Foundation

6.6.2. Area of Focus

6.6.2.1. Walk to End Alzheimer's Events

6.6.2.2. Raise funds for research

6.7. Healthcare Providors

6.7.1. support an active lifestyle and social interaction

6.7.2. Emphasize the importance of keeping your brain active and learning new things

6.8. Employers

6.8.1. Provide healthcare

6.9. Individuals

6.9.1. Stay active

6.9.2. Become involved in their community

6.9.3. continue education