Issues & Debates: Paper 2 Questions

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Issues & Debates: Paper 2 Questions by Mind Map: Issues & Debates: Paper 2 Questions

1. Usefulness

1.1. Outline

1.1.1. Outline what is meant by ‘application of psychology to everyday life’. [2]

1.2. Evaluate

1.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they try to create useful studies? [9]

1.2.2. What advantages may psychologists have when they try to make studies useful? [9]

2. Ethics

2.1. Outline

2.1.1. Outline what is meant by the term ‘ethical guideline’. [2]

2.1.2. Outline one ethical issue. [2]

2.2. Evaluate

2.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when try to make their studies ethical? [9]

2.2.2. What advantages may psychologists have when they make studies ethical? [9]

3. Reliability/Validity

3.1. Outline

3.1.1. Describe different types of validity in psychology. [5]

3.1.2. What is meant by reliability? [2]

3.2. Evaluate

4. Ecological Validity

4.1. Outline

4.1.1. Outline what is meant by the term ‘ecological validity’. [2]

4.2. Evaluate

4.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they try to make studies ecologically valid? [9]

5. Ethnocentric Bias

5.1. Outline

5.1.1. Outline what is meant by the term ‘ethnocentric bias’ in psychology. [2]

5.2. Evaluate

5.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they try to avoid ethnocentric bias in their research? [9]

6. Individual/Situational

6.1. Outline

6.1.1. Outline what is meant by the term ‘individual differences’. [2]

6.1.2. Outline what is meant by the term ‘situational explanations of behaviour’ in psychology. [2]

6.2. Evaluate

6.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they try to investigate individual differences? [9]

6.2.2. What problems may psychologists have when they investigate the effects of situations on behaviour? [9]

6.2.3. What are the advantages of investigating individual differences? [9]

6.2.4. What advantages may psychologists have when they investigate situational explanations of behaviour? [9]

7. Nature/nurture

7.1. Outline

7.1.1. Outline what is meant nature and nurture in psychology. [2]

7.1.2. Outline what is meant by the ‘nature-nurture debate’ in psychology. [2]

7.2. Evaluation

7.2.1. What are the problems for psychologists when investigating whether behaviour is due to nature or nurture? [9]

7.2.2. What advantages may psychologists have when they investigate the nature-nurture debate? [9]

8. Psychometrics

8.1. Outline

8.1.1. What is meant by a psychometric test? [2]

8.2. Evaluate

8.2.1. What are the advantages of using psychometric testing? [9]

9. Quantitative/Qualitative

9.1. Outline

9.1.1. Outline what is meant by ‘qualitative data’. [2]

9.1.2. Outline what is meant by the term ‘quantitative data’. [2]

9.2. Evaluation

9.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they collect qualitative data? [9]

9.2.2. What problems may psychologists have when they collect quantitative data? [9]

9.2.3. What problems may psychologists have when their research has only quantitative or qualitative data? [9]

10. Generalisations

10.1. Outline

10.1.1. What is meant by the term ‘generalisations’? [2]

10.2. Evaluation

10.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they make generalisations from psychological research? [9]

11. Snapshot/longitudinal

11.1. Outline

11.1.1. Outline what is meant by the ‘snapshot method’ in psychology. [2]

11.1.2. What is meant by the ‘longitudinal method’? [2]

11.2. Evaluation

11.2.1. What are the advantages for psychologists when carrying out studies using the snapshot method? [9]

11.2.2. What problems may psychologists have when they use the snapshot method? [9]

11.2.3. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of using the snapshot method to investigate brain activity. [10]

12. Children

12.1. Outline

12.1.1. Outline why children are used in psychological research. [2]

12.2. Evaluation

12.2.1. What problems may psychologists have when they investigate developmental processes in children? [9]

12.2.2. What problems may psychologists have when they use children in psychological research? [9]

13. Animals

14. Reductionism

14.1. Outline

14.1.1. Outline what is meant by the term ‘reductionism’. [2]

14.2. Evaluation

14.2.1. What are the advantages of using a reductionist explanation for psychologists? [9]