Laughter Out of Place: Chapters 2 &3

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Laughter Out of Place: Chapters 2 &3 by Mind Map: Laughter Out of Place: Chapters 2 &3

1. A lot less "laughter" in chapter 2.

1.1. With the deeper look at socio-economic storylines, and how race denotes class, and how it structures lower classes vs upper classes, when examining the "real" issues, things are more serious, and there is less sarcastic, condescending laughter.

2. Gloria vs. Nilda

2.1. Because of the race and class structure, Gloria cannot identify with a woman of her class who has married out of poverty.

3. Modern Social Conditions: Evolution of Slavery Ideals

3.1. Hundreds of years removed from poverty, generational attitudes of slavery still pervade thought-processes.

4. Gloria recalls her childhood as having been enslaved

5. Modern-Day Slavery

5.1. While they regard slavery as part of their dirty past, even as they attempt to "soften" their history of slavery, the racial divide is very much a reflection of the slave days.

6. Inability on all societal levels to escape slavery, even after abolition

6.1. The continuous necessity of black workers by the upper classes, as well as the segregation, continues to reinforce slavery.

7. Racial Hierarchies

7.1. White = Upper class, Black = Lower class

8. Complicated Employer/ Domestic Worker Relationship

8.1. Feelings of love, affection, trust, as well as feelings of taking advantage exist between both parties.

9. Love and Hate Between Classes

9.1. In the servant/ master relationship, both parties need each other.

10. Upper Classes Cannot Feed Themselves Without Servants

10.1. The concept of servitude has been so ingrained in their culture, they cannot do even basic domestic chores themselves.

11. Soneca: Represents the desire to succeed, advance, get out of poverty, but it literally tied because of her respnsibilities

11.1. indicative of her generation within her social class.

12. Gloria experiences more financial freedom and success as Dona Beth's full-time servant.

12.1. After struggling and working extremely hard for most of her life, she finally experiences some relief by being hired as the exclusive domestic worker of Dona Beth.

13. Hiring servants is considered a "necessary evil"

13.1. The middle and upper classes attempt to gloss over their hiring of servants to do their manual labor because they have been conditioned to do so, while justifying it, using "the economy" as an excuse.

14. Gloria vs. Soneca

14.1. Gloria has many issues with her daughter's pregnancy, birth, help from her employer, when she could have been helping to provide an income.

15. Racial Segregation

15.1. It is rather unspoken, but very obvious that skin color generally dictates social standing.

16. Favelas

16.1. Modern-Day Slaves Quarters

17. Eliana & Fausto

17.1. Racialized Class Relationship

18. Race & Racism

18.1. Existence is obvious, but it is a very uncomfortable topic of discussion. It exists very much in the social realm, loosly defined int he national realm.

19. No Definitive Civil Rights Movement

19.1. mesticagem is term used to refer to the blending of all races in Brazil into one national identity

20. Black Cinderella

20.1. Systemic relation between race and class. Because in Brazil, it would have to be a fairytale if you happened to be so lucky to be both a governor's daughter and black.

21. Coroa

21.1. Quick path to success; Prince Charming

22. Fairytale Dreams

22.1. In Felicidade Eterna, the fantasy among women of finding their coroa/ Prince Charming is a serious endeavor, and a dream they cling to ardently.