by Lucía Girolimini
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How is this relevant to
Although there are no certainties as regards the
processes of language acquisition, it is important for
teachers to consider these insights as they suggest a
framework to support the building of classroom
Learners pick out specific features of the language and pay attention to them.
For an item of language to
It occurs frequently
It relates to the learner´s
common sense about basic
functions of language
Its functions are those to which
a learner would be likely to pay
Since adult learners tend to analyse
language, they are able to see patters,
create hypotheses about rules these
patterns might demonstrate, and gradually
revise them according to new information.
They seem to use a set of strategies:
Reasoning deductively, They apply known rules to work out the
meaning of what they listen ir to formulate
Analysing contrastively, They compare the second language with
their first language and work out the
similarities and differences.
Transferring, It is what learnerns do when they apply
knowledge of one language to understand
or produce another.
As learners work out new rules, these need to be
integrated into their representation of grammar in their
minds. This informatoin has to be restructured as the
learner moves on in his learning process.
Once a learner can achieve regular and
consistent responses to a certain type of input,
then it can be said that the language has been
Acquisition involves a
number of processes.