American Revolution

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American Revolution by Mind Map: American Revolution

1. Enlightenment Era

1.1. Thomas Hobbes

1.1.1. Wrote "Leviathan"

1.1.1.1. Established Social Contract Theory

1.1.2. English Philosopher

1.1.2.1. Believed that Humans in their Natural State are Wicked

1.2. Baron de Montesquieu

1.2.1. Separation of Powers

1.2.1.1. Legislative

1.2.1.2. Judicial

1.2.1.3. Executive

1.2.2. Checks and Balances

1.2.3. French Philosopher

1.3. Jean Jacques Rousseau

1.3.1. Wrote "The Social Contract"

1.3.1.1. Outlined a Republican Government

1.3.2. French Philosopher

1.3.2.1. Believed that Humans in their Natural State are Morally Sound

1.4. Voltaire

1.4.1. Separation of Church and State

1.4.2. French Philosopher

1.4.3. Was a Successful Writer

1.5. John Locke

1.5.1. Wrote the "Two Treatises"

1.5.1.1. Right to Rule Derived from Citizens

1.5.1.2. Natural Right to Own Property

1.5.1.3. Natural Right to Free Speech

1.5.1.4. Rebellion is Justified if Ruler Breaks Social Contract

1.5.2. English Philosopher

1.6. Thomas Paine

1.6.1. Wrote "Common Sense"

1.6.1.1. Increased Desire for Independence

1.6.1.2. Attacked Monarchies, specifically England's

1.6.2. English-American Philosopher

2. American Self Government

2.1. Mayflower Compact

2.1.1. First Self-Government Model

2.1.2. Written by Pilgrims

2.2. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

2.2.1. Written Constitution

2.2.2. Provided the Framework for Government in Connecticut

2.2.3. Elected Officials

2.2.4. Created a General Court

2.3. House of Burgesses

2.3.1. First Representative Legislature in Colonies

2.3.2. Located in Virginia

2.3.3. Burgesses Represented their Colony

2.4. Albany Plan of Union

2.4.1. Planned to Unite all the Colonies, excluding Georgia and Delaware

2.4.2. Attempted to Centralize Colonial Government

2.5. Common Sense

3. Challenging Authority

3.1. The First Great Awakening

3.1.1. Split the Catholic Church into Two Groups

3.1.1.1. Catholicism

3.1.1.1.1. Strict, Corrupt Church

3.1.1.1.2. Spain Stayed Majority Catholic

3.1.1.2. Protestantism

3.1.1.2.1. Individualistic; Many Denominations

3.1.1.2.2. England Became Majority Protestant

3.2. The Glorious Revolution

3.2.1. King James II Overthrown by Parliament

3.2.1.1. William and Mary Ascended into the Monarchy

3.2.1.2. Inspired Colonists to Take Actions Against England

3.2.1.3. Belittled Royal Rule

3.2.1.4. Established Parliamentary Dominance

4. The Rule of Law

4.1. Magna Carta

4.1.1. Limited Royal Authority

4.1.2. Gave Power to the People

4.1.3. Inspired English Colonists in the Future

4.2. English Bill of Rights

4.2.1. Separates Powers

4.2.2. Limits Royal Authority

4.2.3. Increased Freedom of Speech

4.2.4. Allowed for Democratic Elections

5. British Taxation

5.1. George Grenville

5.1.1. Created the Stamp Act

5.1.1.1. Taxed Colonists on any Official Papers

5.1.2. Created the Sugar Act

5.1.2.1. Taxed Colonists on Sugar Importation

5.2. Townshend Acts

5.2.1. Clamped Down on Smuggling in the Colonies

5.2.2. Tea Taxes

5.2.3. Vice Admiralty Courts

5.2.3.1. Juryless Courts that Dictated Sea Affairs

6. American Responses

6.1. Stamp Act Congress

6.1.1. Colonists Grouped Against Stamp Act

6.1.2. Declaration of Rights and Grievances

6.1.2.1. Trial by Jury

6.1.2.2. No Taxation Without Representation

6.1.2.3. Defended Colonies Against British Accusations

6.2. Sons of Liberty

6.2.1. Boston Tea Party

6.2.1.1. Colonists Destroyed Millions of Dollars of British Tea

6.2.2. Non-Importation Agreements

6.2.3. Boycott of British Goods

6.3. Continental Association

6.3.1. Economically Attacked Britain

6.4. Committees of Correspondence

6.4.1. Managed Votes and Democracy in Each Colony

6.5. Gaspee Affair

6.5.1. British Anti-Smuggling Ship Crashes on Colonies

6.6. Olive Branch Petition

6.6.1. Attempted to Prevent War with British

6.7. Suffolk Resolves

6.7.1. Massachusetts Government Act Refused

6.7.2. Boycott of British Goods

7. British Policies

7.1. Mercantilism

7.1.1. Export > Import

7.1.2. Navigational Acts

7.2. French-Indian War

7.2.1. Created Huge Debt to be Paid off by Colonies

7.2.2. Proclamation of 1763

7.2.2.1. Prevented Colonial Expansion West of Appalachians

7.3. Acts

7.3.1. Townshend Acts

7.3.1.1. Caused Controversy in Colonies

7.3.2. Declaratory Act

7.3.2.1. Repealed Stamp Act

7.3.2.2. Reduced Sugar Act

7.3.3. Quartering Act

7.3.3.1. Allowed British Troops to Stay in Colonists Houses

7.3.4. Tea Act

7.3.4.1. British Monopoly on Tea in the Colonies

7.3.4.2. Heavily Taxed

7.3.5. Intolerable Acts

7.3.5.1. Took Away Massachusetts Government

7.3.6. Currency Act

7.3.6.1. Prevented Colonial Currency

7.4. Writs of Assistance

7.4.1. Documents that Provided Extreme Power to British Authorities

7.5. Salutary Neglect

7.5.1. Colonies

7.5.1.1. Initially Left Alone

7.5.1.2. England Leaned on Colonies for Money after French and Indian War

7.5.1.3. Allowed for Colonies to Establish Self Government

7.5.2. Colonists Enraged when Salutary Neglect Ended

8. Revolutionary Events

8.1. Boston Massacre

8.1.1. Colonists Killed During Group Protest

8.1.1.1. British Soldiers Involved Defended and Acquitted by John Adams

8.2. Siege of Boston

8.2.1. Began American Revolution

8.2.2. Boston Seized by Britain

8.3. First Continental Congress

8.3.1. Responded to Intolerable Acts

8.4. Second Continental Congress

8.4.1. Declaration of Independence

8.4.1.1. Officially Separated the Colonies from Britian

8.4.1.2. Was Voted Unanimously

8.4.2. Managed War Efforts

8.5. Lexington and Concord

8.5.1. First Battle of the American Revolution

8.5.2. Massachusetts Militia vs. British Soldiers

9. American Government

9.1. Articles of Confederation

9.1.1. Unicameral Legislature

9.1.2. State-Made Currency

9.2. Constitution

9.2.1. Bicameral Legislature

9.3. Democracy

10. Events of the New Nation

10.1. Shay's Rebellion

10.1.1. Uprising in Early America; Caused Desire for New Constitution to Increase

10.2. Debate Between Proportional and Equal Representation

10.2.1. New Jersey Plan (Equal)

10.2.2. Virginia Plan (Proportional)

10.2.2.1. Great Compromise/Connecticut Plan

10.2.2.1.1. Bicameral Legislature; One Half Proportional, One Half Equal

10.3. Land

10.3.1. Land Ordinance of 1785

10.3.1.1. Congress Couldn't Impose Taxes

10.3.1.1.1. Sold Land to Make Money

10.3.2. Northwest Ordinance of 1787

10.3.2.1. Claimed Land Northwest as a U.S. Territory

10.4. Debate of Representation of Slaves

10.4.1. North Wanted Slaves to not be Represented

10.4.2. South Wanted Slaves to be Represented

10.4.2.1. Three-Fifths Compromise

10.4.2.1.1. Slaves Counted as 3/5's of a Vote

11. Early Influential Americans

11.1. Roger Sherman

11.1.1. Connecticut Plan

11.2. John Adams

11.2.1. Second President, Influential in Many American Events

11.3. George Washington

11.3.1. First President, Influential in Many American Events

11.4. James Madison

11.4.1. "Father of the Constitution"

12. Colonial Policies

12.1. Virginia

12.1.1. Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom

12.1.1.1. Established Religious Freedom for All

12.1.2. Virginia Declaration of RIghts

12.1.2.1. Claimed Right to Abolish Inadequate Government

13. American Values

13.1. Popular Sovereignty

13.2. Democracy

13.3. Republic

13.4. Representation

14. Amendments

14.1. 1st Amendment

14.2. 3rd Amendment

14.3. 5th Amendment