INTEGRATING THE FOUR SKILLS

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INTEGRATING THE FOUR SKILLS by Mind Map: INTEGRATING THE FOUR SKILLS

1. Content Based Instruction

1.1. This approach teach language through a specific subject-matter with the learning of a second language.

1.2. Examples of Content-based Curricula

1.2.1. Immersion Programs

1.2.2. English for Specific Purposes ESP

1.3. The content-based instruction allow teachers to integrate the four skills because in all the session they have to:

1.3.1. Read

1.3.2. Solve Problems

1.3.3. Analyze data

1.3.4. Write Opinions

1.3.5. Reports

2. Theme Based Instruction

2.1. This approach has main principles:

2.1.1. Automacity

2.1.2. Meaningful Learning

2.1.3. Intrinsic Motivation

2.1.4. Communicative Competence

2.2. Language is taught: Environmental awarenses and action.

2.2.1. Intermediate to Advanced

2.2.1.1. Scan for specific information

2.2.1.2. compare-contrast exercises

2.2.1.3. look for statistics

2.2.1.4. debates

2.2.1.5. write opinion essays

2.2.1.6. persuasive writing

2.2.2. Beginners

2.2.2.1. Use of imperatives

2.2.2.2. practicing of verb tenses

2.2.2.3. develop vocabulary

2.2.2.4. cardinal and ordinal numbers

2.2.2.5. Dialogues

2.3. Carry out research and writting project

2.3.1. through

2.3.1.1. libraries

2.3.1.2. bookstores

2.3.1.3. media

2.4. Have Students create their own environmental awareness material.

2.5. Arrange field trips

2.5.1. wildlife preserves

2.5.2. abandoned lots

2.5.3. beaches

2.5.4. parks

2.6. Conduct Simulation games.

3. Experiential learning

3.1. Teacher gives to the students concrete experiences in which they discover the language subconsciouly by trial and error.

3.1.1. Some Experiential Techniques

3.1.1.1. Hands-on projects

3.1.1.2. computer activities

3.1.1.3. research project

3.1.1.4. cross-cultural experiences

3.1.1.5. field trips

3.1.1.6. role-plays and simulations

3.1.1.7. realia games Media

4. task based teaching

4.1. Is an overall approach

4.1.1. Target Tasks

4.1.1.1. Notional Functional Syllabuses

4.1.1.2. Specific and related to classroom instructions.

4.1.1.3. tasks for specific contexts

4.1.2. Pedagogical Tasks

4.1.2.1. exercises in comprehension

4.1.2.2. drills

4.1.2.3. listening extracts

4.1.2.4. analyzing the grammar

4.1.3. Communicative Tasks

4.1.3.1. goal

4.1.3.2. input from teacher

4.1.3.3. techniques

4.1.3.4. role of the teacher role of the student

4.1.3.5. evaluation

4.1.4. Real-World tasks

4.1.4.1. speeches

4.1.4.2. conversation

4.1.4.3. Interviews

4.1.4.4. media extracts

4.1.4.5. songs

4.1.4.6. telephone directories

4.1.4.7. menus

4.1.4.8. textbooks

5. Project Based Learning

5.1. This approach want to students gain a deeper understanding of the material. it is designed to learn through environment. Has Five key concepts

5.1.1. Driving questions

5.1.2. Situated Inquiry

5.1.3. Collaborations

5.1.4. using techology tools to support learning

5.1.5. creation of artifacts

5.2. This approach applies for any subject area, and make uses of all the 4 skills.

6. The Focak Skill Approach

6.1. This approach is designed into modules which are comprehensibles to students. And focuses on students who wants to improve their skills in Intermediate level

6.2. Standard Model

6.2.1. Program structure

6.2.2. Placement

6.2.3. pedagogy

6.3. Empirical Comparison

6.3.1. Skill acceleration

6.3.2. Emergent skill Development

6.3.3. global skill Development

6.3.4. TOEFL gains

6.3.5. Vocabulary Grammar Speaking