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Venereology by Mind Map: Venereology
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Venereology

Human Papilloma Virus

Condyloma

HPV 6 & 11

Cervical cancer

HPV 16 & 18

Gonorrea

THEORY

Neisseria gonorrhoeae, A diplococcus: grown in pairs, 2-7 days Incubation, Routes of infection, Intercourse, oral-genital contact, Mother->baby during birth, Unprotected intercourse --> 60% risk of infection!

CLINICAL

DIAGNOSTICS, Sampling, No urination during the last 2 hours!, MEN: urethral sample, WOMEN: urethral & cervical sample

TREATMENT, New node

MANIFESTATIONS, BOTH SEXES, Urethritis, Proctitis, Pharyngitis, Conjunctivitis, Men, Epididymitis, prostatitis, Women, Cervicitis, bartolinitis, endometritis, PID/salpingitis, perihepatitis

Chlamydia

THEORY

Chlamydia Trachomatis, Gram neg coccus, Intracellular parasite, 1-3 weeks incubation, Modes of infection, Mucus contact, Intercourse, Birth delivery

COMPLICATIONS, BOTH SEXES, Conjunctivitis, Proctitis, Reiter syndrome, (Urethritis + Arthritis + Uveitis), MEN, Urethritis, Prostatitis, Epididymitis, WOMEN, Cervicitis, Endometritis, Salpingitis, INFERTILITY, Not fully investigated!, 10-20% risk increase at 1st salpingitis, The risk doubles when re-infected!, CHILDREN, Pneumonia, Obstructive lung disease

CLINICAL

SYMTOMS, BOTH SEXES, Urethritis, About half have no symtoms!, MEN, 90% have microscopic urethritis, "Burning" miction - common!, WOMEN, Cervicitis with flux

REPORTING, According to Swedish Smittskyddslag., Information to patient!, Its illegal to spread infections, Infection traceback

TREATMENT, Tetracycline (Doxyferm), 7-10 days, No effect? Try a macrolide (Ery-Max), Pregnant patient?, Amoxicillin 500mg x3 for 7 days

Other

Bacterial Vaginosis

Unspecified urethritis/cervicitis

Trichomonas vaginitis

HIV

Basic testing

Wet smear!

Sample from urethra/cervix & vagina, For gonorrhoea and chlamydia, the cervix swab is placed in the urine sample.

Test for:

ALWAYS: Chlamydia, Gonorrea, Mycoplasma Genitalium

OPTIONAL: HIV, Hep B, Syphilis

READ ME!

Hello! Glad you found this map. Before you start, please know that this mindmap on Venereology is based on swedish standards on routine testing, disease reporting and so forth. If you live in another country, please keep this in mind. /The author

Syphilis

THEORY

HISTORY, "The French disease", In France: "The Italian disease", 1500's: Outbreak in Europe, 1905: Treponema Pallidum is identified, 1906: Wasserman test is developed, 1943: Penicillin used for treatment

Treponema Pallidum

CLINICAL

STAGES:, Primary, The 2 first years after first infection!, Secondary, Late stages, "Healing" (60%) ←, Tertiary syphilis ←, Benign Syphilis, Often in skin and skeleton, "Benign" = no vital organ engagement, Gumma scar, =Syphilitic granulomas in the skin or other living organs, Cardiovascular syphilis, 15-20 years after first infection., Aortitis + destructive endarteritis in the aortic walls' vasa vasorum, Neurosyphilis, 10-20 years after first infection., Develops faster at AIDS/HIV-infection

Herpes Diseases

Herpes Simplex

To Dermatology Mindmap

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