Special Education Disabilities

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Special Education Disabilities by Mind Map: Special Education Disabilities

1. Hearing Impairment

1.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

1.1.1. Interpreters

1.1.2. Closed Captioning

1.1.3. visual aids

1.1.4. lecture notes

1.1.5. hearing aids-enhanced audio technology

1.1.6. Sign Language

1.1.7. Preferred seating

2. Visual Impairment including blindness

2.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

2.1.1. Video with voice over explanations of what is happening

2.1.2. Provide multi-sensory experiences to touch and manipulate things

2.1.3. Use braille technologies for books and integrated images

3. Autism

3.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

3.1.1. Know the student's needs

3.1.2. Give more time to complete assignments

3.1.3. Have set routines and schedules

3.1.4. Give clear, step by step instructions

3.1.5. Allow for social interaction with others

3.1.6. Provide feedback with positive praise

3.1.7. Collaborate with family and other teachers

3.1.8. Know student's strength and weaknesses to keep them engaged

3.2. Case study: Maggie

4. Deaf-Blindness

4.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

4.1.1. Hand in hand communication- sign language with a student's hand

4.1.2. Provide multi-sensory experiences to touch and manipulate objects

4.1.3. Use braille technologies

4.1.4. Enhanced audio or visual tools

5. Deafness

5.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

5.1.1. Interpreters

5.1.2. Sign language

5.1.3. Use visual aid

5.1.4. Lecture notes

5.1.5. Closed captioning

6. Developmental Delay

6.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

6.1.1. Know the student's needs and their IEP

6.1.2. Work with their parents and other professionals in the school

6.1.3. Allow students to use computers

7. Emotional Disturbance

7.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

7.1.1. Know the student and their specific needs

7.1.2. Provide immediate feedback and positive praise

7.1.3. Provide behavior support

7.1.4. Talk with family to find out what is going on at home

7.1.5. Use structure and routine to build social skills

7.1.6. Help them become more self-aware

7.2. Case Study: Megan

8. Intellectual Disability

8.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

8.1.1. Teach life skills

8.1.2. Allow more time to complete tasks

8.1.3. Know the student's and their specific needs/IEP

8.1.4. Work with parents and other school professionals

8.1.5. Provide Clear, step by step instructions

8.1.6. Provide immediate feedback

8.1.7. Give concrete hands on examples and opportunities to practice skills

8.1.8. Break directions or activities into smaller steps

9. Multiple Disabilities

9.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

9.1.1. Know the student's needs and their IEP

9.1.2. Encourage independence

9.1.3. Be flexible

9.1.4. Modify assignments

9.1.5. Address behavior

9.1.6. Allow AT use for student to communicate

9.1.7. Practice and reinforce skills and directions- Give hands on examples and opportunities

9.1.8. Play to their strengths

10. Orthopedic Impairment

10.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

10.1.1. Extra time to complete tasks

10.1.2. Offer preferential seating

10.1.3. Occupation Therapists

10.1.4. Physical Therapists

10.1.5. Adapt physical education classes

10.1.6. Give Breaks

10.1.7. Speech Pathologists

10.1.8. AT

10.1.8.1. speech recognition software

10.1.8.2. screen reading software

10.1.8.3. augmentative and alternative communication devices (such as communication boards)

10.1.8.4. academic software packages for students with disabilities

11. Other health impairments

11.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

11.1.1. ex. ADHD

11.1.1.1. Post clear, step by step instructions

11.1.1.2. Know the student's needs

11.1.1.3. Set specific tasts

11.1.1.4. Allow for physical activity (perhaps have a balance ball chair)

11.1.1.4.1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AdxduVSxUNo

11.1.1.5. Follow routines

11.1.1.6. Allow children to work on computers

12. Specific Learning Disability

12.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

12.1.1. Know the student and their needs/ IEP

12.1.2. Use bigger print

12.1.3. Break things into smaller steps

12.1.4. Use computers for writing activities

12.1.5. Use audio recording for notes

12.1.6. Provide modified tests

12.1.7. Teach organization and study skills

12.1.8. Establish positive working relationship with family

12.1.9. Be flexible and allow more time

12.2. Case Study: Nick

13. Speech or Language Impairment

13.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

13.1.1. Know the student and their needs/IEP

13.1.2. Speech Pathologist

13.1.3. Allow student to use AT to communicate

13.1.4. Provide modified tests if necessary

13.1.5. Use state/district resources

13.1.6. Collaborate with parents and other teachers/school professionals

14. Traumatic Brain Injury

14.1. Intervention/Modifications and Assistive Technology

14.1.1. Find out as much as you can about the child’s injury and his or her present needs.

14.1.2. Give the student more time to finish schoolwork and tests.

14.1.3. Give clear step by step directions

14.1.4. Show the student how to perform new tasks. Give examples

14.1.5. Have consistent routines

14.1.6. Check understanding

14.1.7. Help student stay organized and give examples

14.1.8. Allow breaks

14.1.9. Stay informed about how they are doing at home and in school

14.1.10. Be flexible and allow more time to complete tasks