The Conditionals

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The Conditionals by Mind Map: The Conditionals

1. Special constructions

1.1. Type 2

1.1.1. They emphasize improbability

1.1.2. IF-clause: should + inversion

1.1.3. MAIN: conditional or imperative

1.2. If only/I wish...

2. Basic structure

2.1. They consist of a MAIN CLAUSE and an IF-CLAUE

2.2. The IF-clause expresses the condition itself

2.2.1. It is normally introduced by the conjunction "if"

2.2.2. Other conjunctions may be used:

2.2.2.1. as long as

2.2.2.2. provided/providing

2.2.2.3. unless

2.2.2.3.1. Meaning: "if not"

2.2.2.4. in case

2.2.2.4.1. not really a conditional

2.3. The main clause expresses the result of the condition

2.4. Types

2.4.1. Type Zero

2.4.1.1. General or universal conditions

2.4.1.2. IF-clause: if + present simple

2.4.1.3. MAIN: present simple

2.4.2. Type One

2.4.2.1. Probable conditions

2.4.2.2. IF-clause: if + present simple

2.4.2.3. MAIN: future

2.4.3. Type Three

2.4.3.1. Conditions in the past (impossible)

2.4.3.2. IF-clause: if + past perfect

2.4.3.3. MAIN: conditional perfect

2.4.4. Type Two

2.4.4.1. Unreal or improbable

2.4.4.2. IF-clause: if + past simple

2.4.4.3. MAIN:conditional