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The nature of approaches and methods in language teaching. by Mind Map: The nature of approaches and
methods in language
teaching.
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The nature of approaches and methods in language teaching.

Syllabus organization

It depends on Students and teachers needs.

Is the design that is concerned with the selection and grading of content. responses to the question: what to include in a language program?

Types of syllabus, Synthetic, (Product oriented syllabus), Grammar/structural, Functional/notional, Situational, Analytic, (Process oriented syllabus), Task-based, Content-based, Skills-based

Curriculum

Definitions

Approach

It is the language itself. it is important to know why to use that approach. It is axiomatic/philosofic, Grammar Translation method: Only read and translate a text. It was the first language teaching approach, Audiolingual: Behaviourism; repetition, TPR, Silent Way, Suggestopedia, Communicative approach, Task based, Cooperative

Method

Way of applying an approach. it is procedural. it is more based on real language use and needs.

Technique

What is done in the classroom. Authentic use of language, Excersices in class, Tasks, Activities

Procedure

Moment-to-moment techniques

Nuevo nodo

Teacher and learner roles

Teacher Roles

For some methods, the role of teacher has been specified in detail.

Defined by the interaction in classroom with the students:, Define the types of functions, Degree of control that teachers have in the learning process, Degree of control in the content to be taugth, Interactional patterns between teacher and learner

Learner Roles

Degree of Ss influence

How learners are regarded

They plan and assume their learbning process

Monitor their learning

Learners tutor other learners

Dependency of the teacher (from 1 to 5)

Theory of language/ language learning

Structural

Achieve the elements of the system, Grammar, Phonology, Lexis, Sintax

Functional

Accomplish certain functions (Wilkin, 1972), Semantics, Communication, Speech acts

Interactional

Tool for social relations and transactions It relates the 4 skills.(Vigotsky & Austin)., Interactional analysis, Discourse analysis, Problem solving activities, Pragmatics

Language learning

Takes into account an approach or a method: How language is perceived, Psycolinguistics, Necessary conditions for learning to happen