It depends on Students and teachers needs.
Types of syllabus, Synthetic, (Product oriented syllabus), Grammar/structural, Functional/notional, Situational, Analytic, (Process oriented syllabus), Task-based, Content-based, Skills-based
It is the language itself. it is important to know why to use that approach. It is axiomatic/philosofic, Grammar Translation method: Only read and translate a text. It was the first language teaching approach, Audiolingual: Behaviourism; repetition, TPR, Silent Way, Suggestopedia, Communicative approach, Task based, Cooperative
Way of applying an approach. it is procedural. it is more based on real language use and needs.
What is done in the classroom. Authentic use of language, Excersices in class, Tasks, Activities
For some methods, the role of teacher has been specified in detail.
Defined by the interaction in classroom with the students:, Define the types of functions, Degree of control that teachers have in the learning process, Degree of control in the content to be taugth, Interactional patterns between teacher and learner
Degree of Ss influence
How learners are regarded
They plan and assume their learbning process
Monitor their learning
Learners tutor other learners
Dependency of the teacher (from 1 to 5)
Achieve the elements of the system, Grammar, Phonology, Lexis, Sintax
Accomplish certain functions (Wilkin, 1972), Semantics, Communication, Speech acts
Tool for social relations and transactions It relates the 4 skills.(Vigotsky & Austin)., Interactional analysis, Discourse analysis, Problem solving activities, Pragmatics
Takes into account an approach or a method: How language is perceived, Psycolinguistics, Necessary conditions for learning to happen