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Memory by Mind Map: Memory

1. Explicit Memory

1.1. Memory controlled consciously, involves effort and intention

1.1.1. Working Memory short term, limited info, used for mental calculations 2-18 seconds

1.1.2. Episodic Memory stores info on specific events, related in ones life memory for associations with 2 stimuli Ex. recalling what you ate for dinner the night before

1.1.3. Semantic Memory long-term memory that stores ______ Ex. 2+2=4 (facts)

2. Implicit Memory

2.1. Memory that influences our current perceptions and behaviour without our knowledge

2.1.1. Priming unnconscious process that enhances the speed/accuracy of a response Ex. yellow and banana

2.1.2. Procedural Memory memory of completing a task (automatic) Ex. typing

2.1.3. Conditioning A memory for associations formed between 2 stimuli Ex. Pavlov's Dogs

3. Memory Stages

3.1. Sensory Memory

3.1.1. Memory that works for a brief period of time, Iconic memory for visual info Echoic memory for auditory info gustic memory for speech olfactic memory for smell haptic memory for touch

3.2. Working Memory

3.2.1. store/process info we are currently thinking about Chunking organization of items into units/chunks, Serial Position Effect depends on short term memory, Primacy Effect First items in a list more likely to be remebered long term Recency Effect concept that people tend to remember last items ona list first (working memory)

3.2.2. 7-2 items (passwords)

3.3. Long Term Memory

3.3.1. Encoding shallow processing physical features, rather than meaning Deep processing meaning of an item, involves new and old info Massed Practice Attempting to learn all in one sitting (cramming) Spaced Practice Repreated practice overtime Self-Referent Encoding Organizing material around your own lives Distinctivness Unique or distinct info is often remembered best Organization Organizing info helps memorization Testing Effect people who study and then are tested retain the info over long durations

3.3.2. Retrieval Retroactive Intereference new info blocks out older info Proactive Interference previously learned memories intrude with newer ones State-Dependant Memory Memory is best when emotional/physiological state is the same testing while learning