Physical Activity and Productivity

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Physical Activity and Productivity by Mind Map: Physical Activity and Productivity

1. Science about effects of PA on brain functioning

1.1. "Let’s be honest. Your company didn’t hire you for your brawn or your finely sculpted six pack. In business, brain power wins the day, not horsepower. Your ability to think, communicate and exhibit emotional intelligence and creativity eclipses physical strength and stamina. Yet, if you were to design a lifestyle that is the antithesis of good cognitive function and long-term brain health, the life of an average executive would come pretty close." Center For Creative Leadership: The care and feeding of the leader's brain

1.1.1. Exercise boosts brain function in just about every way that we can measure brain function. Research has consistently shown that exercisers outperform couch potatoes in tests that measure long-term memory, reasoning, attention, problem-solving, creativity, and fluid intelligence.

1.2. "Animal studies have shown several key mechanisms by which aerobic training may enhance brain function. One is neurogenesis, or the generation of new neurons in the hippocampus. This leads to improved hippocampal function, which is good for certain types of memory. " "There are several neurochemicals that help to mediate the benefits of exercise on brain health, including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). BDNF increases in response to both acute (a single bout) and chronic (regular) exercise." Ding Q et. al. Exercise influences hippocampal plasticity by modulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor processing. Neuroscience. 2011: 192:773-80

1.3. Cotman CW and Engesser-Cesar C. Exercise enhances and protects brain function. Ex Sports Sci Rev. 2002; 30:75-9.

1.4. " Aerobic exercise increases BDNF as well as hippocampal and temporal lobe volumes. In short, exercise nourishes the brain" Van Praag H. et. al. Exercise enhances learning and hippocampal neurogenesis in aged mice. J Neurosci. 2005; 25:8680-85

1.5. "In a 2014 review 26 out of 27 studies found a significant association with increased physical activity and attenuated cognitive decline and disease. Various forms of exercise were studied, including aerobic, weight training, Tai Chi and isometric. " Carvalho A. et. al. Physical acitivity and cognitive function in individuals over 60 years of age: a systematic review. Clin Interven Aging. 2014; 9:661-82.

2. Popular press

2.1. 13 unexpected benefits of exercise

2.1.1. reduce stress

2.1.2. Boost happy chemicals

2.1.3. Improve self-confidence

2.1.4. Prevent Cognitive Decline

2.1.5. Alleviate anxiety

2.1.6. Boost brainpower

2.1.7. Sharpen memory

2.1.8. Increase relaxation

2.1.9. Get more done

2.1.9.1. Feeling uninspired in the cubicle? The solution might be just a short walk or jog away. Research shows that workers who take time for exercise on a regular basis are more productive and have more energy than their more sedentary peers . While busy schedules can make it tough to squeeze in a gym session in the middle of the day, some experts believe that midday is the ideal time for a workout due to the body’s circadian rhythms.

2.1.9.1.1. Employee self-rated productivity and objective organizational production levels: effects of worksite health interventions involving reduced work hours and physical exercise. Von Thiele Schwarz, U, Hasson, H. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2011 Aug;53(8):838-44.

2.1.9.1.2. A randomized controlled trial of the effect of aerobic exercise training on feelings of energy and fatigue in sedentary young adults with persistent fatigue. Puetz, T.W. Flowers, S.S., O’Connor, P.J. Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 2008;77(3):167-74. Epub 2008 Feb 14.

2.1.10. Tap into creativity

2.2. Does Exercise Change Your Brain?

2.2.1. At the age of 93, Olga Kotelko — one of the most successful and acclaimed nonagenarian track-and-field athletes in history — traveled to the University of Illinois to let scientists study her brain.

2.2.2. The white matter of her brain — the cells that connect neurons and help to transmit messages from one part of the brain to another — showed fewer abnormalities than the brains of other people her age.

2.2.3. it “seems very likely,” Dr. Burzynska said, that exercise enables our brains to age better, even if, like Ms. Kotelko, we get started a little later in life.

2.3. 5 reasons to commit to exercise for career success

2.3.1. exercise oxygenates your brain

2.3.2. exercise reduces fatigue and increases energy

2.3.3. Exercise reduces depression and anxiety

2.3.4. Exercise helps keep your mind, body, and spirit in balance

2.3.5. Exercise may also improve your chances of being hired

2.4. Regular Exercise Is Part of Your Job

2.4.1. Studies indicate that our mental firepower is directly linked to our physical regimen.

2.4.2. evidence suggesting that exercise during regular work hours may boost performance

2.4.2.1. On days when employees visited the gym, their experience at work changed. They reported managing their time more effectively, being more productive, and having smoother interactions with their colleagues. Just as important: They went home feeling more satisfied at the end of the day.

2.4.3. Instead of viewing exercise as something we do for ourselves—a personal indulgence that takes us away from our work—it’s time we started considering physical activity as part of the work itself. The alternative, which involves processing information more slowly, forgetting more often, and getting easily frustrated, makes us less effective at our jobs and harder to get along with for our colleagues.

2.5. Fitness For Duty: Exercise Can Make You A Better Leader

3. Science about effects of PA on work performance

3.1. The Association Between Work Performance and Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Obesity

3.2. The Association of Health Status, Worksite Fitness Center Participation, and Two Measures of Productivity

3.3. Exercising at work and self-reported work performance

3.4. Treadmill Workstations: The Effects of Walking while Working on Physical Activity and Work Performance

3.4.1. We find that daily total physical activity increased as a result of the adoption of treadmill workstations.

3.5. Changes in work affect in response to lunchtime walking in previously physically inactive employees: A randomized trial

3.5.1. Lunchtime walks improved enthusiasm, relaxation, and nervousness at work, although the pattern of results differed depending on whether between-group or within-person analyses were conducted. The intervention was effective in changing some affective states and may have broader implications for public health and workplace performance.

3.6. Can academic success come from five minutes of physical activity?

3.6.1. After as little as five minutes of a moderate-vigorous physical activity (i.e., running) four days a week, a class of second grade children was able to concentrate more, the teacher was able to complete more activities, math fluency increased, and the daily classroom routines and overall grades of the students were not negatively affected by the running; rather both improved as a result. The purpose of this article is to share with readers the ingredients for infusing a short physical activity into a busy day.

4. The quantified workplace

4.1. Wearables lead to better exercise experience

4.1.1. alpha waves

4.2. Wearables can make you more productive

4.3. Wearables can tell you when to stop (prevent burn-out)

4.3.1. http://www.employeebenefits.co.uk/how-could-wearable-technology-change-workplace-health/

4.3.2. Pip is a device produced by Galvanic with Trinity College Dublin that can measure sweat and electro-dermal activity associated with stress levels. It enables employees to play a number of games, including Relax and Race, to help manage their anxiety levels. Meanwhile, a headband called Muse, designed in Canada by InteraXon, can track real-time brain activity on a smartphone or tablet to help employees practise mindfulness.

4.3.3. Work-Breaks, Productivity, and Opportunities for Personal Informatics for Knowledge Workers http://www.fxpal.com/publications/taking-5-work-breaks-productivity-and-opportunities-for-personal-informatics-for-knowledge-workers.pdf

4.4. The quantified-Self and wearable technologies in the workplace: implications and challenges for their implementations http://repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/handle/1822/38579

4.5. Companies using a Quantified Workplace system/wearables

4.5.1. Colliers (De Standaard)

4.5.2. Tesco workers, Ireland + Grocer

4.5.3. "Wearables in the workplace" HBR

4.5.3.1. Boeing

4.5.3.1.1. using head-up displays in cockpits so that pilots could obtain critical information without looking down at dials

4.5.3.2. Bell Canada

4.5.3.2.1. outfitting phone technicians with wristworn PCs

4.5.3.3. Schneider

4.5.3.3.1. Belt-mounted voice-activated computers

4.5.3.4. OHS

4.5.3.4.1. Outfitting inspectors with belt-mounted computers

4.5.3.5. Other early adopters: health care, the military, industrial sector

4.5.4. BP

4.5.4.1. http://www.personneltoday.com/hr/can-wearable-technology-boost-corporate-wellbeing/

4.5.4.2. Some organisations are already starting to deploy wearables as a means of encouraging their employees to get fit. Dr Emmanuel Tsekleves, a senior lecturer in design interactions at Lancaster University (who also works at its Imagination Innovation lab), cites the example of BP. The company has introduced a pilot project in which any employee can sign up for a free Fitbit activity tracker. In return, they agree to the company using their personal data, ranging from how much exercise they have taken each day to their sleep patterns, the aim being to link the metrics around staff wellbeing into the firm’s health insurance scheme.

4.5.5. Kronos

4.5.5.1. Kronos staff can earn reward by using wearable technology http://www.employeebenefits.co.uk/how-could-wearable-technology-change-workplace-health/

4.5.5.2. “Since we allowed employees to use wearable devices, we have had greater engagement from staff, and employees are now more conscious about their health. We believe wearable technology will take off in the workplace.”

4.6. Challenges

4.6.1. Challenge if Device heterogeneity

4.6.2. Challenges of Privacy and Trust

4.6.3. "An empirical study of wearable technology acceptance in healthcare"

4.7. Application of workplace quantification

4.7.1. Environment Management

4.7.1.1. detailed view on how enterprise spaces are used by individuals and groups, and where most interactions happen

4.7.2. People Analytics

4.7.2.1. understand the hidden behavioral and communication patterns that exist within an organization

4.7.3. Quantifying movements within physical work environments

4.7.4. Working with information more efficiently

4.7.5. Analyzing the big data inside us

4.8. Reasons for using a quantified workplace system

4.8.1. Past studies clearly demonstrate that by quantifying collective behavior using various metrics, a reliable and illuminating picture of the hidden workplace dynamics can be uncovered, which in turn can be converted into actionable insights

4.9. Adoption in a real workplace

4.10. Physiolytics grew out of two trends

4.10.1. Wave of innovation in wearable technologies

4.10.2. big data

4.11. Sporting examples

4.12. Tractica Research: https://www.tractica.com/research/wearable-devices-for-enterprise-and-industrial-markets/

4.12.1. According to a recent report from Tractica, early pilot programs have yielded strong return on investment (ROI) in many cases, which is driving greater interest in enterprise adoption of wearables among industry leaders and fast followers alike. The market intelligence firm forecasts that, as a result of this growing focus, annual worldwide revenue from enterprise wearables will reach $6.3 billion by 2020, up from $218 million in 2015.

4.12.2. According to a new report from Tractica, more than 75 million wearable devices will be deployed in enterprise and industrial environments between 2014 and 2020. The market intelligence firm anticipates that smart watches will be the largest category of wearables in the workplace, followed by fitness trackers and smart glasses.

4.12.3. “The use of wearables in the enterprise will include devices that are part of the ‘bring your own wearable’ (BYOW) trend, as well as fitness trackers or smart watches provided by employers as part of their corporate wellness programs,” says research director Aditya Kaul. “Wearables in industrial environments, on the other hand, will revolve around a different set of use cases altogether, including areas such as oil and gas, mining, aerospace, warehouse, engineering services, transport/logistics, field maintenance, and mobile workforce management.”

4.13. wearables to improve creativity in the workplace

4.13.1. "The Virtual Mirror: Reflecting on the social and psychological Self to increase organisational creativity"

4.13.2. Aha moments

4.13.2.1. previous blog

4.13.2.2. Melon EEG headband

4.13.2.2.1. tech crunch.com/2013/05/14/melon-headband

4.14. THE HUMAN CLOUD AT WORK A STUDY INTO THE IMPACT OF WEARABLE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE WORKPLACE https://www.rackspace.co.uk/sites/default/files/Human%20Cloud%20at%20Work.pdf

4.14.1. Wearing devices such as brain activity sensors, motion monitors and posture coaches can signi cantly increase employees’ productivity while also improving their job satisfaction, according to this innovative research. The Human Cloud At Work study led by Dr Chris Brauer of the Institute of Management Studies at Goldsmiths, University of London found that productivity for people using wearable technology increased 8.5 per cent, while their job satisfaction levels were up 3.5 per cent.