My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education by Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Politics of Education

1.1. Perspective

1.1.1. 1. radical

1.1.1.1. 2. socialistic

1.1.1.1.1. 3.

1.1.2. 2. equality

1.1.3. 3. socialistic

1.2. Vision

1.2.1. 1. Progressivism

1.2.1.1. 2.

1.2.1.1.1. 3.

1.2.1.1.2. k

1.2.1.1.3. l

1.2.2. 2. John Dewey, founder

1.2.3. 3. focus on the whole child

2. History of U.S. Education

2.1. The Colonial Era

2.1.1. 1. settlers brought their education to the New World

2.1.2. 2. without this we wouldn't have schools like we do today.

2.1.3. 3. schools that were established during this time were varied greatly in the quality of instruction

2.2. Cardinal Principles

2.2.1. 1. health

2.2.2. 2. worthy use of leisure

2.2.3. 3. citizenship

3. Sociological Perspectives

3.1. Socialization

3.1.1. 1. teach children to behave and speak around other children

3.1.2. 2. learn social skills

3.1.3. 3. cultural and social transmission

3.2. Three Effects of Schooling on Individuals

3.2.1. 1. well-being and self-esteem

3.2.2. 2. falalism

3.2.3. 3. effects of schooling on individuals to see what the relative importance of schooling is in the terms of what people will learn

4. Philosophy of Education

4.1. Generic Notions

4.1.1. engage another individual in a dialogue

4.2. Key Researches

4.2.1. idealism

4.3. Goal of Education

4.3.1. Educators who subscribe to idealism are interested in the search for truth through ideas rather than through the examination of the false shadowy world of matter.

4.4. Role of Teacher

4.4.1. the teacher plays an active role in discussion

4.5. Method of Instruction

4.5.1. students are encouraged to discuss, analyze, synthesize, and apply what they have read to contemporary society.

4.6. Curriculum

4.6.1. all contemporary problems have their roots in the past and can best be understood by examining how previous individuals dealt with them

5. Curriculum & Pedagogy

5.1. one historical curriculum theory

5.1.1. the humanist curriculum- reflects the idealist philosophy that knowledge of the traditional liberal arts is the cornerstone of an educated citizenry and that the purpose of education is to present to students the best of what has been thought and written.

5.1.1.1. the curriculum focused on the Western heritage as the basis for intellectual development.

5.1.1.2. curriculum model dominated nineteenth-century and early twentieth century U.S. education

5.1.1.3. conservative critics have called for a return to the humanist curriculum

5.2. one sociological curriculum theory

5.2.1. hidden curriculum - includes that what is taught to students through implicit rules and messages.

5.2.2. certain ideas and people are not in the curriculum

6. Schools as Organizations

6.1. State Senators

6.1.1. 1. Richard Shelby

6.1.2. 2. Jefferson Sessions

6.2. House of Reps.

6.2.1. District 8 - Republican - Terri Collins

6.2.2. District 9 - Republican - Ed Henry

6.2.3. District 10 - Republican - Mike Ball

6.3. State Superintendent

6.3.1. Tommy Bice

6.4. Representative on State School Board

6.4.1. Matthew Brown

6.5. Local Superintendent

6.5.1. Dr. Ric Ayer

6.6. Local School Board

6.6.1. 1. President - Bobby Stewart

6.6.2. 2. Rory Colvin

6.6.3. 3. Lee Fleming

6.6.4. 4. Mike Price

7. Equality of Opportunity

7.1. Education Achievement

7.1.1. females have caught up to males in almost all measures of academic achievement

7.1.2. more women are attending post-secondary institutions

7.2. Atttainment

7.2.1. females are less likely to drop out of school

7.2.2. females have a higher level of reading and writing proficiency than males

7.2.3. women behave better in a classroom setting.

8. Educational Inequality

8.1. One Sociological Explanation of Equal Achievement

8.1.1. One School Centered Explanation

8.1.1.1. economically disadvantaged students attended inferior schools-schools that spent less money on each student, schools that spent less money on materials and extracurricular activities, and schools that had inferior teachers.

8.1.2. Functionalists believe that the role of schools is to provide a fair and meritocratic selection process for sorting out the best and brightest individuals, regardless of family background. Also, the functionalist vision of a just society is one where individual talent an hard work based on universal principles of evaluation are more important than astrictive characteristics based on particularistic methods of evaluation.

9. Educational Reform

9.1. School Based Form

9.1.1. Intersectional Choice

9.1.1.1. transfers funs from the public sector to the private sector

9.1.1.2. plans to include public and private schools

9.1.1.3. public policy that would transfer funds to these schools would clearly raise issues of equal educational opportunity

9.2. Community

9.2.1. upgrading the physical condition of schools

9.2.2. improving a school district's administrative and fiscal management practices

9.2.3. reducing nepotism within a school district's decision-making process