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Aristotle by Mind Map: Aristotle

1. Differences From Previous Philosophers

1.1. Pracitcal thinker; the philosopher of common sense.

1.2. Truth and reality IS what can be percieved by the senses.

1.2.1. Doesn't believe in a seperate World of Forms.

2. How Humans are Special

2.1. All life invariably has nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive power.

2.2. Animals have been given the powers of sensation and perception.

2.2.1. The more complex animals can solve problems.

2.2.2. Humans alone have the power to understand universals-- Reason.

3. Where the Perfect Forms Are

3.1. Inside of all things is their perfect form which the thing strives to reach.

3.2. All things are part of a teleological system.

4. Teleological System

4.1. Material Cause: What it's made out of.

4.2. Formal Cause: The shape or form that must be taken for a thing to be recognized.

4.3. Efficent Cause: The force used to make the thing.

4.4. Final Cause: The ultimate purpose of a thing.

5. Biology

5.1. Nature does nothing by chance. Everything that is has a purpose.

5.2. To answer the problem of knowledge we must apply our senses.

5.3. "All men desire to know. An example is the delight we take in our senses."