Cole Weber Genetics

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Cole Weber Genetics by Mind Map: Cole Weber Genetics

1. Proteins

1.1. perform chemical reactions

1.2. provides bodys main building materials

1.3. encoded in DNA

1.4. made in amino acids

1.5. form the cell architecture and structural components

2. RNA

2.1. single strands of a nucleotide

3. Genes

3.1. made of DNA

3.2. carry traits through generations

3.3. serve as instructions for making RNA and proteins

3.4. Beadle and Tatum

3.4.1. discovered that genes react to each other by chemical reactions

4. chromosomes

4.1. 23 pairs of chromosomes

4.1.1. 50 percent from mom

4.1.2. 50 percent from dad

4.2. tightly packed genes

4.3. found in nucleus

4.4. 3 copies of chromosome 21 rsults in down syndrome

5. cells

5.1. house organelles

5.2. foundation of all life

5.3. types

5.3.1. diploids

5.3.1.1. two sets of chromosomes

5.3.2. haploids

5.3.2.1. one set of chromosomes

5.3.2.1.1. sperm and egg cells

6. Gergor Mendel

6.1. Austrian monk/sceintist

6.2. studied how pea plants inherited 2 variant forms of traits

6.3. discovered a mathematical rule of inheritence

7. DNA

7.1. double helix

7.1.1. two connected strands are complemtary

7.2. Walson, Crick, and Wikins awarded Nobel Prize in physiology for discovery of double helix in DNA

8. meiosis

8.1. cell nucleus

8.2. chromosomes replicate

8.3. matching chromosomes pair up

8.4. chromosomes swap sections of DNA

8.5. chromosome pairs divide and nucleus divides into daughter nuclei

8.6. chromosomes divide and daughter nuclei divide again

9. nucleolus

9.1. Creates ribosomes and builds ribosomes from rRNA and from proteins, ribosomes produce proteins

10. Crick

10.1. discovered the codon

11. introns and exons

11.1. Makes the coding sequence and determines what protein will be made depending on where it is spliced.

12. transcription

12.1. Transforms DNA into different types of RNA then can make amino acids and proteins.

13. New node

14. central dogma

14.1. New node

14.1.1. Flow of genetic information in the cell