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Conditionals by Mind Map: Conditionals

1. Zero Conditional

1.1. The zero conditional is used to talk generally about events that happen under absolute truths or generic .

1.1.1. If + condition + result

1.1.1.1. present simple

1.1.1.1.1. If + present simple

1.1.1.2. It becomes ice.

1.1.1.2.1. If you freeze water

1.1.2. Result simple + if + condition

1.1.2.1. If + present simple

1.1.2.1.1. Present simple

1.1.2.2. If they come home

1.1.2.2.1. They always bring a bottle of wine

1.1.3. We can also use 'when ' rather than 'if' .

2. First Conditional

2.1. It is used to talk about things that can happen in the future. The difference with the ' conditional zero' is that this speaks of generic truths , while the ' first conditional ' talks about particular situations.

2.1.1. If + condition + result

2.1.1.1. will + infinitive

2.1.1.1.1. if + present simple

2.1.1.2. I'll cook for you.

2.1.1.2.1. If you come tonight

2.1.2. Result simple + if + condition

2.1.2.1. if + present simple

2.1.2.1.1. will + infinitive

2.1.2.2. if it rains.

2.1.2.2.1. We won't go out tonight

2.1.3. Example:

2.1.3.1. Zero conditional Animals die if they don't eat. (It's a general thruth)

2.1.3.2. First conditional Animals will die if you don't feed them. (It's a particular situation)

3. Second Conditional

3.1. It is used to talk about things in the future that probably will not be real , for example , wishes, dreams , etc.

3.1.1. If + condition + result

3.1.1.1. If + past simple

3.1.1.1.1. would + infinitive

3.1.1.2. If you had enough money

3.1.1.2.1. I'd buy a car.

3.1.2. Result + if + condition

3.1.2.1. Would + infinitive

3.1.2.1.1. if + past simple

3.1.2.2. I would travel around the world

3.1.2.2.1. if I didn't have to work.

3.1.3. Example

3.1.3.1. If I were you, I would travel around the world.

4. Third Conditional

4.1. The third conditional is used to imagine a solution that did not happen to a past situation .

4.1.1. If + condition + result

4.1.1.1. If + past perfect

4.1.1.1.1. would + have + past participle

4.1.1.2. If you had gone to the party

4.1.1.2.1. you would have met her.

4.1.2. Result + if + condition

4.1.2.1. Would + have + past participle

4.1.2.1.1. if + past perfect

4.1.2.2. I would have traveled around the world

4.1.2.2.1. if I had won the lottery.