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Food by Mind Map: Food
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Food

enzymes

Do most digestion.

types

carbohydrates

Provide energy

proteins

Are the building blocks of cells

fats

Provide energy, insulation, and protection for some organs e.g.kidneys

vitamins

There are lots and living things all need them e.g.vitamin A for healthy eyes

minerals

There are lots e.g. calcium for good bones and teeth.

water

The body's about 90%water.

Digestion

The breakdown of part food molecules into small ones.

Enymes do most.

Happens in the gut (digestive system).

Gut

A long tube mostly made of muscle.

mouth

Teeth and saliva start the breakdown.

oesophagus

Takes foof to the stomach.

stomach

Stores food and does a little digestion.

small intestine

Most digestion happens here. Digested food also absorbed into the blood here.

large intestine

Water absorbed from food here.

rectum

Waste from digestion (faeces) stored here .

anus

The end of the gut.

Tests

Fats:leave oily mark on paper.

Sugars:make an orange colour when heated with Benedicts solution.

Starch:goes blue-black when you add iodine.

Proteins: Make a violet (purple) colour with copper sulfate and sodium hydroxide.