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Pros and Cons of Full-day Kindergarten by Mind Map: Pros and Cons of Full-day Kindergarten
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Pros and Cons of Full-day Kindergarten

Negative Aspects

Not all States agree to make full-day kindergarten mandatory or even available in all districts

Implementing full-day programs requires more money from local and federal budgets

no studies that show an absolute answer that full-day kindergarten achievement out weighs half-day kindergarten achievement

Full-day kindergarten - longer days at school may contribute to later "burn-out" and low motivation in school in later years.

Quality vs. Quantity

Positive Aspects

Eighty-five percent of kindergartners in the United States attend public school.

According to the published 2004 National Center for Educational Statistics: As found in other studies, children in a full-day kindergarten program generally make greater gains in both reading and math compared to children in half-day kindergarten

"What are full-day kindergarten children doing during this 'extra' time?"

Sixty-four percent of half-day classes spend an hour or less on reading compared to 32 percent of full-day classes.

More full-day classes have mathematics daily compared to half-day classes

Full-day kindergarten programs take advantage of the longer day by providing child-centered, developmentally appropriate activities and offering a balance of small group, large group, and individual activities

History of Full-day kindergarten

Kindergarten begins as a full-day program in the late 1800's

Changes to Half-Day around World War II

1960's and 1970's, full-day kindergartens reemerge as a way to help disadvantaged children "catch up"

"Non-poor" districts adopt full-day kindergarten in response to more dual-earners and single parent families

Today, full-day kindergarten programs are the norm by a small margin

Currently, depleted state and local budgets are forcing some school districts to switch back to half-day programs or requiring tuition payments for full-day programs