Abnormal Psych

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Abnormal Psych by Mind Map: Abnormal Psych

1. Schizophrenic Disorders

1.1. delusions

1.1.1. delusions of persecution people are out to get you

1.1.2. delusions of grandeur belief that you have greater power and influence than you actually do

1.2. hallucinations

1.2.1. perceptions in the absence of sensory stimulation

1.3. neologisms

1.3.1. make up their own words

1.3.2. dang associations (words that rhyme)

1.4. inappropriate effect

1.4.1. laughing at the wrong time

1.4.2. showing no emotions whatsoever

1.5. catatonia

1.5.1. motor problem

1.5.2. remain motionless in weird positions waxy flexibility

1.5.3. jerky movements

1.6. Etiology

1.6.1. biological dopamine hypothesis (high levels) enlarged brain ventricles genetic predisposition

1.6.2. cog/behavioral double blind, given contradictory messages diathesis stress model environmental stressors that make biological factors express themselves

2. Substance related and addictive behaviors

2.1. gambling

2.2. different drugs/alcohol

3. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

3.1. persistent, unwarranted thoughts of a certain action (normally cleanliness)

3.2. results in anxiety until action can be performed

4. Perosnality Disorders

4.1. antisocial personality disorder

4.1.1. little regard for others' feelings

4.2. dependent personality disorder

4.2.1. rely heavily on help and attention of others

4.3. paranoid personality disorder

4.3.1. feel persecuted by others

4.4. narcissistic personality disorder

4.4.1. feel the world revolves around them

4.5. histrionic personality disorder

4.5.1. overly dramatic

4.6. obsessive compulsive personality disorder

4.6.1. overly concerned with certain thoughts or behaviors

4.7. maladaptive ways of thinking

5. Post-traumatic stress disorder

5.1. flashbacks or nightmares of a trauma (war, severe accident)

6. Autism spectrum disorder

6.1. seeking less social and emotional contact

6.2. hypersensitive to stimuli

7. Neuro-cognitive disorders

7.1. Alzheimers

7.1.1. forms of dementia, deterioration of cognitive abilities

7.1.2. dramatic loss of memory

8. Depressive Disorders

8.1. Mood or affective disorder

8.1.1. extreme, inappropriate emotions

8.2. Unipolar depression

8.2.1. Depressed for a period of tiem without clear reason

8.2.2. Loss of apetite, fatigue, change in sleeping patterns, lack of interest, worthlessness

8.3. Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

8.3.1. Depression caused by a certain time of the year (usually winter)

8.4. Bipolar and related disorders

8.4.1. both depressed and manic episodes

8.4.2. engage in risky, poorly thought out behavior during manic episodes

8.5. Etiology

8.5.1. Psychoanalytic Anger directed inward Loss during early psychosexual stages Overly punitive (harsh) superego

8.5.2. Cognitive Overly negative ideas about themselves, their world, their futures (Cog triad)

8.5.3. Cog/Behavioral Learned helplessness Feeling unable to control the situation

8.5.4. Biological Low levels of serotonin High levels of acetylcholine Low levels of norepinephrine genetically predisposed

9. Somatic Symptom and Related disorders

9.1. Conversion Disorder

9.1.1. Report blindness, paralysis without any biological problem

9.2. manifests as a physiological problem

9.3. Absence of identifiable physical cause

9.4. Etiology

9.4.1. Psychoanalytic Conflict between Id, Ego, Superego

9.4.2. Behavioral Reinforced by behaviors

10. Dissociative Disorders

10.1. dissociative amnesisa

10.1.1. cannot remember things

10.1.2. no physiological reason why

10.2. dissociative identity disorder (DID)

10.2.1. a person has multiple personalities

10.2.2. different sexes, ages, often opposite of one another

10.3. Etiology

10.3.1. Psychoanalytic Trauma repressed that it splits into several consciouses

10.3.2. Behavioral Prefers to not think about it (rewarding), so amnesia occurs

11. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

11.1. trouble paying attention and sitting still

12. Feeding/Eating Disorders

12.1. anorexia nervosa

12.1.1. low weight for ones age

12.1.2. fear of food/eating

12.1.3. distorted body image

12.2. bulimia

12.2.1. throwing up fod after eating

12.2.2. binge-purge cycle

12.3. obesity

12.3.1. binge eating

13. Paraphilia or Psychosexual disorder

13.1. attraction to an object, action, person that is not seen as sexual

13.2. fetishes

13.3. much higher in men than in women

14. Anxiety Disorders

14.1. Phobias

14.1.1. Intense, unwarranted fear of a situation claustrophobia agoraphobia arachnaphobia social anxiety (phobia)

14.2. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

14.2.1. low level of constant anxiety

14.2.2. constantly feeling nervous

14.3. Panic disorder

14.3.1. episodes of acute, intense anxiety

14.3.2. without provocation

14.3.3. panic attacks- fear of more panic attacks

14.4. Etiollogy

14.4.1. psychoanalytic Id vs. Ego vs. Superego conflict

14.4.2. behavioral Learned/Conditioned behaviors from the past

14.4.3. cognitive dysfunctional thoughts or ways of thinking

15. Definition

15.1. Study of people who suffer from Psychological disorders

15.2. Maladaptive to person

15.3. Disturbing to others

15.4. Unusual, atypical

15.5. irrational, unjustifiable

15.6. depends on timing