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Jordan Potynski's Mind Map Vocab Project by Mind Map: Jordan Potynski's Mind Map Vocab Project
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Jordan Potynski's Mind Map Vocab Project

Trophic Levels

the level of where an animal stands in the ecosystem, with producers on the bottom and tertiary consumers on the top.


Get's it's energy directly from the sun. It's the bottom of the trophic(energy) pyramid.

Primary consumer

eat's the producer. gains 10% of the 100% that the producer had because only ten percent of the energy get's passed off.

secondary consumer

Eats the primary consumer. Gains 1% of the energy that the primary consumer had.

Tertiary consumer

eats the secondary consumer. gains .1% because ten percent of energy is passed on. 90% is lost, mostly in heat

Ecological Succesion

process in which the communites change over time

black plague

killed 1/3 of europes population, and caused a dip in the world population. it was a disease that went through and infected your lungs and sometimes even got into your blood stream. there were two strains that were almost always fatal, and one that about half survived

Levels of Organizartion











rivers lakes, streams, ponds and frogs and animals


grass, lots of grass, climate; very hot or mild


cold, icy, along the poles and at high elevations, rugged, mountains.


dry, arid, hot, sometimes sand, sometimes rocky, and cactus

Coniferous Forest

evergreen trees*needles*, average rainfall, temperature depends on where, and pine trees.

Temperate Deciduous Forest

mild climate, lose their leaves and change colors, we live in a mostly temperate deciduous forest.


Lots of rain, humid and warm, along equator, lots of plants and animals.

Food Chain

Not very accurate. They show where energy is teansferred but do not show that animals eat more than one animal. They are uncomplicated and not very realistic

Food web

A complicated, accurate show of what an animal eats. In one ecosystem there are numerous animals that eat numerous things and unlike a food chain, food webs show you that.

Abiotic Factors

These are things that are not living, never was living, and never will be living. They are things such as wind direction, glass, and water.



water temperature

wind direction

Biotic Factors

These are things that are living, were living, or that are part of a living thing. such as an eyelash or a ladybug or a dinosaur.


tree stump





variety of animals in a specific geographical area.

Hot spots

This is a place that holds the most species of plants and animals in the world. There is 17 of them and if you cut down even a small part of one of these tropical 17 spots, it could drastically change the animal&plant balance.

Primary Succession

occurs in a place where an ecosystem never existed.

Secondary Succession

process that begins when something has disturbed or destroyed the natural community (burned or cut forests, heavily polluted streams, abandoned farmlands, areas that have been inundated with flood water

Climax community

one that forms in the last stage of succession

Pioneer species

Pioneer species establish themselves at the start of succession and when they die, they provide nutrients to later animals

limiting factors

these are things that keep a species from reaching it's carrying capacity, like drought, other animals, natural disasters..etc.

carrying capacity

this is the amount of one species that an ecosystem can sustain without collapse

population growth

how much our population has grown in the years, and now it's growing at an alarming rate.

industrial revolution

this is when everything became more modern and there was more hygiene and better living conditions, also machines and electricity were beign made, which made life better/easier  

exponetial growth/sustainability

eg; this is when we are doubling and then doubling again and again, and the period between the doubling get's shorter and shorter and shorter s; this is when we are stable and no longer too large or to small and when we can realize that we are using to mucha and we have to be able to support us.

logistic growth

when something is growing exponentially and then it is leveled off when it reaches carrying capacity by limiting factors


a logistic graph. it starts with a j-curve then levels off into an s-curve when carrying capacity is reached and limiting factors take hold.


this is an exponential graph, it shows exponential growth by starting out low and shooting up and increasing very fast  

population growth rate

this is the rate the population is growing at. how fast it is and how much.

water pollution

this is when there is chemicals and toxins in the water and is killing aquatic life.

point source and non-point source pollution

point source; when pollution comes from one single source. it is relitively easy to find out who did it because there is a single culprit. example; when a factory or a place having toxic waste dumps it into a river and kills aquatic life. non-point source; when pollution comes from many different sources. this is more difficult to find because it could be many things causing it. example; fertilizer runoff into a stream or pond.


an underground source of water