Peru

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Peru by Mind Map: Peru

1. Fun Facts

1.1. Peru grows more than 55 varieties of corn, and you can just about find it in any color including yellow, purple, white and black.

1.2. Peru is the 6th largest producer of gold.

1.3. The finest cottons in the world, Pima and Tanguis are Peruvian.

1.4. Peru has the second largest amount of Shamans in the world, second only to India.

1.5. In Peru, it is tradition to give friends and family yellow underpants on New Year's Eve.

2. Relation with the US

2.1. Peru enjoys strong and cooperative relations with the United States.

2.2. The United States and Peru cooperate on efforts to interdict the flow of narcotics, particularly cocaine, to the United States.

2.3. The U.S. is Peru's number one trade partner, and economic and commercial ties will deepen if the U.S.–Peru Trade Promotion Agreement is passed by the U.S. Congress.

2.4. In 2008, Peru joined the U.S. and its allies in recognizing Kosovo.

2.5. In June 2013, Peruvian President Ollanta Humala and U.S. President Barack Obama promised to strengthen ties between both nations.

3. Travel and Tourist Attractions

3.1. One of the most beautiful and impressive ancient sites in the world, Machu Picchu is the undisputable nr 1 among the top tourist attractions in Peru.

3.2. Travelers who think the U.S. Grand Canyon is deep are likely to change their minds after visiting Colca Canyon in southern Peru.

3.3. Located on the northern coast, Máncora is a small town featuring Peru’s best sandy beach.

3.4. Located near Ica, Huacachina is a tiny oasis town surrounding a small natural lake and itself surrounded by towering sand dunes.

3.5. Ollantaytambo is an ancient Inca temple and fortress as well as a village located at the northwestern end of the Sacred Valley.

4. Economy/Natural Resources

4.1. Peru is a major mineral producer, particularly of gold and copper.

4.2. Peru privatized its state-owned mining companies in 1991, and the industry since has attracted considerable investment.

4.3. Peru is classified as upper middle income by the World Bank[8] and is the 39th largest in the world by total GDP.

4.4. Peru is one of the world's fastest-growing economies with a 2012 GDP growth rate of 6.3%.

4.5. Peru is an emerging, social market economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade.

5. Politics/Political System

5.1. The Republic of Peru is in a state of ongoing democratization.

5.2. Peru's territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on 18 November 2002, is divided into 25 regions.

5.3. Peru has had periods of military rule but in recent decades its governments have been democratically elected and its leaders held to account for their actions.

5.4. Peru Politics is the most changeable one in the South American Politics and it had diversified a lot in the recent years.

5.5. Peru is a Presidential representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. Under the current constitution, the President is the head of state and government.

6. Modern History

6.1. At mid-20th century, Peru was embroiled in political and economic tumult with alternating periods of democratic regimes and military dictatorships.

6.2. Inthe 21st century, Peru has enjoyed a long period of political and economic stability.

6.3. In 1873, Peru became involved in the War of the Pacific with Chile and Bolivia.

6.4. There was a final peace treaty in 1929, signed between Peru and Chile and called the Treaty of Lima

6.5. On February 12, 1944 Peru was one of the South American nations.