Canadian Culture

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Canadian Culture by Mind Map: Canadian Culture

1. Symbols

1.1. Flag

1.1.1. In 1964, Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson formed a committee to fix the ongoing issue of the lack of an official Canadian flag, to replace the Union Flag.

1.1.1.1. Out of three choices, the maple leaf design by George Stanley, based on the flag of the Royal Military College of Canada, was choesen. The flag made its first official appearance on February 15, 1965; which is now celebrated as National Flag of Canada Day.

1.2. Arms of Canada

1.2.1. Is also known as the Royal Coat of Arms of Canada or formally as the Arms of Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada

1.2.1.1. It is closely created after the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom, with French and Canadian elements that replace or add to those on the British version.

1.2.1.1.1. Before Confederation in 1867, the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom was in Canada as the symbol of royal authority. In the Royal Warrant of 1868, Queen Victoria authorized the four arms of the first provinces to be quartered for use on the Great Seal of Canada.

2. Television/Theatre

2.1. CBC

2.1.1. In 1929, the Aird Commission on public broadcasting suggested the creation of a national radio broadcast network. A major concern was the growing influence of American radio broadcasting as began to expand into Canada.

2.1.1.1. Starting in 1967 and until the mid-1970s, the CBC provided limited television to remote and northern communities. Transmitters were built in few locations and carried a four-hour selection of black-and-white videotaped programs each day.

2.1.1.1.1. The tapes were flown into communities to be shown and then transported to other communities, mostly by the bicycle method used in television syndication.

2.2. Stratford Festival

2.2.1. It was one of the first and is still one of the most prominent arts festivals in Canada and is recognized worldwide for its productions of Shakespearean plays.

2.2.1.1. Was started in 1953 and is still continuing now from April to October each year.

2.2.1.1.1. Canadian, British, and American actors play roles in plays and Canada is recognized worldwide for its production of Shakespearean plays.

2.3. Shaw Festival

2.3.1. is a major Canadian theatre festival in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, the second largest theatre company in North America.

2.3.1.1. Founded in 1962, its original idea was to advance the development of theatre arts in Canada.

2.3.1.1.1. Queen Elizabeth II, Indira Gandhi, and Pierre Elliot Trudeau were some who attended performances at the Shaw Festival Theatre during 1973.

3. Music

3.1. Canadian Rock

3.1.1. Had originally started in the 1920's- 30's, but did not become famous until the 1950's.

3.1.1.1. By 1954, the name "rock and roll" had become the common name of the popular music of the day.

3.1.1.1.1. During the 60's, they were quickly losing ground because they struggled to find new material that would fit with the new generation.

3.2. French

3.2.1. As time went by, French Canadians began to create their own music, and also incorporated the styles of music played by the settlers from Great Britain.

3.2.1.1. By the 1960s, radio and television had began to help spread French folk songs.

3.2.1.1.1. The Montreal International Jazz Festival has been hosted since 1980 and is now the largest jazz festival in the world.

3.3. Aborigionals

3.3.1. Since establishment began in the 17th century, the mainstream of musical development has been affected by native music.

3.3.1.1. Traditionally, First Nation band governments, who were resourceful and creative, used the materials they had to make their instruments for centuries before Europeans came to Canada. First Nation bands made gourds and animal horns into rattles, and many of them were carved and painted.

3.3.1.1.1. For many years after Europeans came to Canada, First Nations people were forbidden to practice their ceremonies. That is one reason why little information about First Nations music and musical instruments is available.

4. Food

4.1. Kraft Dinner

4.1.1. The idea for selling macaroni and cheese together as a package came around during the Great Depression.

4.1.1.1. In 1937, James Lewis Kraft introduced the product in North America.

4.1.1.1.1. During World War II, rationing of milk and dairy products, created a nearly captive market for the product, which was considered a good meal for families.

4.2. Bannock

4.2.1. The original bannocks were heavy, flat cakes of unleavened barley or oatmeal dough formed into a round or oval shape, then cooked on a griddle.

4.2.1.1. In Scotland, before the 19th century, bannocks were cooked on a bannock stane, a large, flat, round piece of sandstone, placed directly onto a fire, then used as a cooking surface

4.2.1.1.1. Historically, specially made bannocks were used in rituals showing the changing of the Gaelic seasons: St Bride's bannock for spring (February 1), Bealtaine bannock for summer (May 1), Lughnasadh or Lammas bannock for autumn harvests (August 1), and Samhain bannock for winter (end of October).

4.3. Poutine

4.3.1. The combination of fresh-cut fries, cheese curds and gravy first appeared in Québec snack bars in the late 1950s.

4.3.1.1. Within the area of Centre-du-Québec, several towns and families lay claim to poutine’s creation.

4.3.1.1.1. Poutine was first served in a paper bag.

4.4. Ketchup Chips

4.4.1. When the ketchup flavour was introduced in the early-1980s by James S. Herr’s, the recipe was changed three times before everyone was satisfied.

4.4.1.1. A three-month effort to get an answer from its research to find the owner resulted with nothing.

4.4.1.1.1. The chip brand that transitioned into Lay’s, is most popularly credited with the invention around the early 1970s.

5. Sports

5.1. Ice Hockey

5.1.1. 1909- National Hockey League (NHL) was created and hockey was officially a sport

5.2. Baseball

5.2.1. Also called "townball", Baseball became popular in the early 19th century in Southwestern Ontario

5.2.1.1. June 4, 1838  was documented as the first game played of modern base ball, but did not show any evidence that any other cultures or regions had adopted it.

5.3. Canadian Football

5.3.1. The first documented football match was played on November 9, 1861 at the University of Toronto.

5.3.1.1. The first written account of a game played was on October 15, 1862, on the Montreal Cricket Grounds.

5.3.1.1.1. It was between the First Battalion Grenadier Guards and the Second Battalion Scots Fusilier Guards, who won.

5.4. Lacrosse

5.4.1. Lacrosse was first declared the National Game of Canada in 1859.

5.4.1.1. It was invented in the 1850s, when the Anglophone of Montreal adopted the Aboriginal people's game of "baggataway", which was a violent game played by the First Nation teams.

5.4.1.1.1. The first known game between whites and Aboriginals took place in 1843.

5.5. Ringette

5.5.1. Ringette was invented in 1963 by the Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association (NORDA)

5.5.1.1. Is a Canadian sport played on ice, on skates, typically by females, on a rink designed for hockey.

5.5.1.1.1. The title of birthplace of ringette is shared by both North Bay, Ontario, and Espanola, Ontario, where the first game was played in the fall of 1963.