Foundational Leadership Theories

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Foundational Leadership Theories by Mind Map: Foundational Leadership Theories

1. Trait Theories

1.1. Suggest that leaders are born and not made

1.2. Successful leaders share 5 Common Traits

1.2.1. The Big 5 personality traits include: Surgency, Agreeableness, Adjustment, Conscientiosness and Openess

1.3. Two Major Theories Proposed by David McClelland

1.3.1. 1. Achievement Motivation Theory attempts to explain and predict behavior and performance based on a person's need for achievement, power and affiliation

1.3.2. 2. Leader Motive Profile Theory attempts to explain and predict leadership success based on a person's need for achievement

2. Behavioral Theories

2.1. Suggest that leaders can be made, rather than are born

2.2. Don't focus on what traits the leader possess but more so what they do

2.2.1. According to University of Iowa there are two leadership styles. autocratic democratic

2.2.2. University of Michigan suggests that there are two leadership styles different from Iowa job centered employee centered

2.3. Major Theories include the following

2.3.1. Leadership Grid Theory 5 leadership styles which include impoverished leader, authority compliance leader, country club leader, middle of the road leader and team leader

2.3.2. Content Motivation Theories Hierarchy of Needs Theory Two Factor Theory Acquired Needs Theory

2.3.3. Process Motivation Theory Equity Theory Expectancy Theory Goal Setting Theory

2.3.4. Reinforcement Theory Types of Reinforcement include positive, avoidance, extinction and punishment

3. Contingency Theories

3.1. Attempts to explain the appropriate leadership style based on the leader the follower and the situation

3.2. Has theories with models to go with them

3.2.1. 1.Contingency leadership theory and model leadership styles are task and relationship

3.2.2. 2. Leadership Continuum and Theory Model leadership styles are boss, subordinates and situation

3.2.3. 3. Path Goal Leadership and Model Leadership styles are directive, supportive, participative and achievement oriented

3.2.4. 4. Normative Leadership Theory and Model leadership styles include decide, consulting individually, consult group, facilitate and delegate

4. Power and Influence

4.1. Power is about achieving influence over others.

4.1.1. Sources of Power Position Power Personal Power

4.1.2. Types of Power Legitimate Power Reward Power Coercive power connection power information power expert power referent power